1- Explain the idea of monotheism and its significance in Islam.
2- Discuss the social, political, and economic circumstances in Arab society during the birth of Islam in 7th century. Also, in what ways Muhammad changed the aforementioned circumstances?
3- What impact had the egalitarian, God-based society of Muhammad in Medina on women and minorities? How is this Muslim egalitarian society represented in the world today?
4- List and explain five pillars of Islam. To what extent the Islamic ideas of “submission to Allah” and “being considerate for fellow Muslims” are reflected in these five pillars?
5- List and explain the six principles of faith that each Muslim must believe in. Based on your evaluation of these principles, do you think Islam is a pluralistic religion? Why?
6- What distinguishes a Sunni from a Shi’ite Muslim? Explain
7- Using specific examples, explore some of the different interpretations of Islam proffered by Islamists and more moderate Muslims.
8- Compare and contrast what is known about the life of Muhammad with the life of Jesus. What are the most significant similarities and differences? Explain.
9- Explain the difference between a catastrophic millennial movement and a progressive millennial movement using specific examples.
10- Select any two of the new religious movements which are offshoots of an established religion. Discuss their relationship to the established religion from which they come. What similarities are apparent? What are the most striking differences between them? Why did these branches develop?
11- Briefly describe Neo¬-Paganism and Deep Ecology. What role does nature play in these new religious movements?
12- Some of the new religious movements are known for their universalist traits such as Baha’i and the Theosophical society. Discuss how universalism is reflected in the teachings of these two religions.
13- What does the emergence of multiple new religions imply about the success of mainstream religions in meeting human needs?
14- Define the following concepts: Night Ascension, Hijab, Ka’bah, Sufism, Qur’an, Cult, Sect Syncretism, Ethnic religions, Rapture.