1.Respond to both of the following discussion questions with at least 100 words:
?Discussion Question 1: Types of prosocial behavior
?Compare and contrast prosocial behavior (action intended to benefit another with some reward to the helper either internally or externally) and pure altruism (action intended to solely benefit another person without any reward internally or externally). Discuss some examples of both prosocial behavior and pure altruistic behavior.
?What are some types of giving behaviors (refer to the Exploration of Prosocial Behavior lecture)? What are the ways people can help?
?What are some ways you have helped others, what were the rewards you got both internally and externally from the help you gave?
?Do you think pure altruism exists? Or do you think all helping behaviors have at least some type of reward for the helper?
?Discussion Question 2: The bystander effect and pluralistic ignorance
?Watch the “Bystander Effect: Death of Matthew Carrington” video. There is closed captioning for the video, however it is not completely accurate. Please read the alternative “Pluralistic Ignorance and Alcohol Use on Campus: Some Consequences of Misperceiving the Social Norm” article instead if needed.
?Discuss in your own words what the bystander effect is and what pluralistic ignorance is.
?How do the social factors in the video play a part in Matthew Carrington’s death? How do these concepts explain why the four friends didn’t call for help?
?If you couldn’t review the video and read the article instead, please discuss how according to Prentice and Miller (1993), pluralistic ignorance can lead to consequences with drinking on college campuses. How might this concept lead to an increase of drinking on campuses and at parties? How might it lead also to a decrease in helping behaviors when students are highly intoxicated?