(a) Summarize Chapter 39 of the textbook: In this summary, you should indicate the main claim or claims defended in the text, as well as the main arguments given in support of these claims.
(b)-(i) If you disagree with some claim that Writer defends, then you can give a counterargument, that is, an argument for the opposite conclusion. Try to give an argument that might convince someone who initially shares Writer’s view.
(b)-(ii) If you think some argument Writer gives is unpersuasive, explain why this is so. Do you think the argument is invalid (i.e., that the conclusion doesn’t follow from the premises)? Or do you think that the argument is unsound because it rests on a false premise? Explain your answer.