popular music and globalization

The required and supplementary readings for Week 1 offer a variety of perspectives on the nature of popular music in our increasingly interconnected world. The readings center on several key questions, of which you will choose TWO to answer: 1) How do we distinguish between “local” and “global” music and to what extent is it a meaningful distinction? 2) To what extent is globalization intensifying musical homogeneity and/or promoting greater musical diversity? 3) How is the musical world today a product of Western “cultural imperialism” and/or the result of competing local, regional, and global influences? 4) How has the growth of mass media affected the production and consumption of music today? 5) How has the growth of urban spaces/cities shaped popular music around the world? 6) In what ways is popular music used to reinforce or transcend social boundaries and identities (e.g., race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, class, and gender)? 7) What is musical “authenticity,” why is it problematic, and why are people still invested in this idea? 8) What is the difference between cultural exchange/collaboration and cultural appropriation/exploitation? 9) In what ways is popular music complicit in the status quo and/or a form of resistance/protest against it?