3D Printing


This paper covers on the last part of the research conducted by the researcher. The aim of this part is to come up with solution to the effects of 3D Printing technology. In the introductory part of this paper the researcher in brief introduces the 3D printing technology borrowing ideas from parts one and part two of this research. Next, part is the background part. This part will be discussed in depth because it is the focus and the part which made the research to conduct this research. The paper gives the reader clear details on what is happening when it comes to the effects of 3D Printing technology. The paper makes arguments on the effects to make the reader believe that these effects exist. Next the paper discusses the findings on the literature review part to support the researchers’ arguments. Lastly, the paper will suggest for solutions on some of the harmful effects which affects the performance of human generally. This part is the part concentration to bring out possible and working solutions to these effects. The study has used data from several organizations to support various hypotheses. The study has identified that there is a dire need for more research on how to mitigate the adverse impacts of 3D Printing


3D Printing technology is clear to everyone on what it is after a number of definitions were made of the first part and the second part of this research. After knowing what is all about 3D Printing technology now it is time for reader to understand what happens after the application of this technology. To understand this reader will be required to be aware of the effect which comes as a result of this technology. A strong argument concerning the effects has been raised to support the researchers’ findings and also make the reader believe and apply them.


After conducting a research about the technology of 3D printing it was found that the 3D printing technology is not eco-friendly and affects human health if they are not set in the right environment. A research conducted some years back found that the 3D printing technology will have an effect on the worlds’ economy in the future (Giordano, 1999). The researcher found that harmful effects of the 3D Printing technology are already mounting the human race and world could soon be in a danger if there are no measures taken to control this. The study was aimed to find answers to some of the questions which were raised during the time of the research. The study found the effects brought by 3D Printing technology by conducting research and using other conducted researches before to support the findings (Zaumseil, 2003). During the research both bad and good effects which come as a result of 3D Printing technology were identified and discussed in depth. The researcher comes up with a number of solutions to help in solving challenges which develop a result of these effects. The solutions were intended to improve how human being use and handle the 3D Printers or the machines connected to this technology.

Literature Review

After conducting the research the researcher found that small particle are emitted in large numbers by deposition of plastics by 3D Printer known to be commonly available. According to a team of scientists who conducted a research on this. They argued that these small particles were produced as a result of thermal extract (Othon, 2008). The small particles when inhaled by human often because swelling in our respiratory systems thus causing difficulties in breathing. These particles also can go through the human wind pipe and penetrate deep in their lungs. This causes suffocation to human beings due to difficulties in breathing. These particles blocks the breathing system therefore making difficult for humans to breath. This was according to author Brent Stephen from leads who further argued that these particles are small enough to pass through the blood vessel openings and enter the bloodstream. Once the particles enter into the bloodstream they interact with the body cells affecting the normal functioning of the cells. It is very dangerous to have such particles in bodies and the reader should take caution. The particles can also enter and interrelate with body’s sensitive parts like the heart, lymph nodes, bone marrow and therefore it ends up causing malfunction to human cells. Such kind of happenings is very dangerous to human and it’s vital to stay away from them.
The study found that many people have been admitted in hospitals due to stroke and other effects such as cardio respiratory mortality (Speakman, 2003). It was also found that asthma symptoms are also common to most patients admitted in hospitals. Similar findings were also found by a number of authors who argued that, several epidemiological researches shows that eminent ultrafine particle absorptions are connected to unpleasant health effects. Some years back a team of experts did an experiment indented to find out how many ultrafine particles each one produced when working under a 3D Printer. The results showed that one produced ultrafine particle by 10times compared to the other.

According to a research conducted by scientists in the Oxford University they found that the 3D Printing technology consumes a lot of energy. This is very risky to human being who mostly uses electricity power as their main source of energy. The 3D Printing technology is in reality are never friendly and they will never be friends if new measure to improve the technology are not put in place. Yet in another research conducted by one of the United Kingdom University ( Loughborough University). The study showed that a shocking huge amount of electricity is consumed by 3D Printers (Seitz, 2005). After the research a comparison was made between the 3D printers with injecting ink machines used before. It was found that 3D Printers use more electricity compared to injection machines. The 3D Printers use heat to melt plastics was used at 50 to 100 times extra of the power energy used to perform same function in the injection ink machines when making objects of same mass. Good measures should put in place to control these because the future means a lot to the human race.

Another research found that second hand smoke produced because of this technology is very dangerous to human health. The smoke is different from plastics particles produced in the process of melting plastics. The smoke contains toxic byproducts which can be very harmful to human health. This smoke is produced by heated plastics with high temperatures. According to recent research conducted by research Brent Stephens showed second hand smoke produced by heated plastics contains a poisonous by product. Another researcher Steele wanted to find out whether the smoke from burning of plastic could be harmful to human beings. He decided to measure the quality of air inside an air conditioned room which was occupied which 3D Printer machines and made-up tiny plastic articles above the track of 2 and 1/2 hours. Steele found that 3D Printers emitted large amounts of ultra-fine particles. According to another research conducted by the Health Effect Institute it revealed that both human and animal lungs had developed charges in the way they function. This was as a result of ultrafine particles inhaled by human and animals. A number of effects were identified during the research, the effects were as follows; heart rate variation, distorted endothelial function, better sensitive to responses, vascular thrombogenic effects and airway swelling. The research warns the reader to learn from some of these findings and it could be wise to disconnect the 3D Printer over to avoid these emitted products from affecting your health.


The research was intended to offer solutions to the effects of 3D Printing technology. After a number of studies it was found that a lot of effects both harmful and friendly to the living things and the world in general come as a result of this technology. Thanks to the friendly effects brought by the 3D Printing technology. But to harmful effects the researcher had to develop a number of suggestions to aid find permanent solutions to some of these effects. People face challenges in solving these challenges which comes as result of 3D Printing technology. Some of these effects are very challenging to human race and leave them battling with the thoughts on how to control them. Though the technology has the positive part which leaves the human smiling it is impossible to eliminate the 3D Printing technology. To harmful effects of the 3D Printing technology the study come up with suggestions which people can apply to minimise them because all cannot be eliminated.

Coming up with better solutions for the reeds the reader to rethink big. To look at the bigger picture instead of making assumptions. The locations were the 3D Printers or components are located matters a lot. The researcher suggested that 3D Printers should be located far from human places of work to avoid contact with the harmful byproducts produced through this technology. This could help controlling the levels by which humans’ health is affected. Another suggestion made during the research was that the 3D Printers should be disconnected from power when they are not in use this will reduce the emission of gases and air pollution would be less compared to when the machines are in use (Benjamin M., 1999). This was found true by research conducted by authors; it was found that more of them harmful byproducts are produced when the 3D Printers are in use most of times. It’s therefore advisable to disconnect power when not in use.

To aid in saving the electricity used by the 3D Printers the modern world should consider developing more improved 3D Printers which can use less electricity compared to the current ones. A research conducted in 2001 showed that by inventing 3D Printers which can serve many purposes. Producing one product until it is complete instead of transferring to another machine would save more power.


Applying all this suggestions could improve the technology of 3D Printing and also reduce the harmful effects brought by them. It’s said that improving the functioning of 3D Printers could transform produce life phase by curbing worldwide supply chains. Again 3D Printed production would minimize the cost of environment of preserving a climate control through warehouse to store record.





Work Cited

Benjamin M., Wu, and Michael J. Cima. “Effects of solvent‐particle interaction kinetics on microstructure formation during three‐dimensional printing.” Polymer Engineering & Science 39.2 (1999): 249-260.

Giordano, Russell. “Mechanical properties of dense polylactic acid structures fabricated by three dimensional printing.” Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 8.1 (1997): 63-75.

Othon, Christina M. “Single-cell printing to form three-dimensional lines of olfactory ensheathing cells.” Biomedical Materials 3.3 (2008): 34-101.

Seitz, Hermann. “Three‐dimensional printing of porous ceramic scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials 74.2 (2005): 782-788.

Speakman, Stuart. 3D printing and forming of structures. London: Longman, 2000.

Zaumseil. Three-dimensional and multilayer nanostructures formed by nanotransfer printing. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.