Academic proofreading and editing is a discipline in its own right. A strong academic text with proper language and style has to meet certain rules. Using the right words and tenses is essential for your reader to understand the ideas you want to express. That’s why you need to make sure your thesis or Ph.D. Luckily, Scribbr and its team of language experts are here to ensure your writing makes sense and meets all academic requirements. Scribbr offers professional Proofreading & Editing services to help you hand in a perfect academic document. The entire process is easy to follow, and our services are confidential. Your editor will improve your document following the Scribbr Improvement Model©, so that your work follows academic style requirements. What will your editor do for you? Your editor will correct spelling and grammar mistakes using Word’s Track Changes. Your Scribbr editor will also provide you with a personal and constructive improvement letter to help you correct your most frequent language errors. You will receive a personal, constructive improvement letter about your most frequently made language errors. In doing so, we will help you become a better writer.
Are you wondering whether your chapters and sections are ordered properly? Perhaps you are unsure whether some elements are misplaced? Scribbr editors fix your document’s structure using specific and detailed checklists. He/she will assess whether all the elements required in each chapter have been addressed and are in the right place. What will your editor do? The document is organized in such a way that the central theme is apparent to the reader. Feedback editor: It is important that the reader gets a sense of what a document is about from the very start. I therefore suggest that you include a clearer, more detailed introduction. I have made some suggestions within the text that may help you present your central theme more effectively. The text is organized in a logical and appropriate manner (chapters, sections and paragraphs). Feedback editor: The transitions between your sentences and paragraphs are not always clear.
It’s important that your reader understands how the ideas and information that you present are linked. The text is without repetition. The text is without redundancies. The titles and headings are adequate, correct and consistent. Feedback editor: It is important that headings and titles are capitalized following a standard style throughout the document. I have suggested changes to make this capitalization more consistent, based on the style you most commonly used in relation to different items (e.g., chapters, sections, tables, and figures). The preface is no longer than four or five paragraphs. Feedback editor: Great job with this section–you’ve thanked those people who played an especially important role in your work, and you’ve kept the tone professional throughout. Only people who have actually helped have been thanked. The thanks follow a functional order. Those who have contributed the most are named first. The use of first and last names is consistent. The preface is personal but is nevertheless written in a professional style. The preface ends with my name, place name, and the date at the time of writing. Feedback editor: Typically, a preface should end with your name and the date and place of writing.
The abstract is a maximum of one A4 sheet of paper. Feedback editor: You should be able to cut your abstract down to one page by single-spacing the text and removing the title/author information. The abstract is placed after the preface and before the table of contents. The objective is specified in the abstract. Feedback editor: You simply write that you conducted your study to prove your hypotheses. Be more specific. What was the goal of your study? The problem statement is given in the abstract. The research questions or hypotheses are included in the abstract. Feedback editor: You have hinted at the research questions that you formulate in your literature review, but you have not explicitly presented them. I have suggested a place where it would be helpful to add them. The methodology and approach of your research are briefly explained. A summary of the most important results is given.
The conclusion is given (the answer to your research question / problem statement). Feedback editor: Be sure to clearly answer the research question in the abstract. The abstract should read like a miniature version of the entire paper. The results have been discussed and explained (discussion). Suggestions for follow-up research are presented. Feedback editor: At the end of the abstract you should add a summary of the recommendations that you have included in chapter 7. This summary should include your ideas for future research. Any recommendations are concisely discussed. The abstract clarifies what the thesis is about (also for those without prior knowledge). The introduction of the research is written with a stimulating topic. Feedback editor: Opening with the broad significance of the topic will be helpful here. The topic is limited. The scientific relevance is demonstrated (not applicable to all theses). Feedback editor: Here, it would seem, you should describe the study’s relevance to pharmaceutical companies, along with any other practical applications.