Animal welfare concerns constitute to a wider part of theglobal debate on the best practices used to accommodate animals in the society. Currently, several animal movements have been initiated globally to address issues about animal habitat and safety. However, these actions tend to be contradictory to the current situations in animal zoos and farms. The deplorable state of the animal zoos and farms go against the acceptable ethical practices in safeguarding animal heritage and culture. Abuse and cruelty remain to be rampant in the animal zoos despite detailed rules and guidelines for handling animals while in the zoos and farms. To this extent, the animal zoos and farms are an embodiment of prison cages where animals are subjected to cruel, illegal, and unethical practices.
The training of personnel especially in farming and conservation remains a rare field in the modern education curriculum. The current staffs who run the zoos and animal farms have no sufficient training in handling animals under their care. The insufficiency of academic knowledge and experience is a major factor that contributes to the unethical conditions in animal zoos and farms. Most of the staff major in management of animal zoos but have little knowledge of understanding the basic animalneeds. In ensuring efficiency in addressing animal concerns, the staff should be trained in understanding the personal environment of individual animals.
Revenue generated from the zoos play a significant role on highlighting the unethical practices in theanimal zoo and animal farms. The zoos are operated as business entities with less focus on addressing issues that affect the animal environment. The managers of the zoos maximize available resources in the zoos to attain more profit. These practices go against the basic requirements of animal husbandry and management(Garrett, 2015). In most cases, more animals are brought into zoos without adequate consideration of available resources in the zoos. These business-oriented practices should not hinder proper service delivery in the zoos.
Animals belong to forests and parks; humans should seize encroaching animal habitat. Hence, animals would not be forced into zoos. It is unethical to keep animals closed a particular place by regulating their activities and types of food they feed on. The original homes of animals are the parks and forests, continued human encroachment of such areas have brought a human-animal conflict forcing humans to keep animals in zoos. Irrespective of the initiatives were taken to make zoos better and hospitable to animals, zoos and animal farms would forever remain unethical for their survival unless they are taken back to parks(York & Hobgood-Oster, 2015). The best campaign that can be launched by these movements that focus on animal heritage and husbandry should concentrate on taking back animals to their natural habitat from the unethical animal farms and zoos.
Unethical practices in the zoos summarize the urgency by which the government should act to protect animal heritage and conservation. It is unacceptablefor human beings to use animals to get profit at the expense of the animals’ health. Zoos act as prisons designed to keep animals to generate income, it one of the most contradictory topics. It is the role of animal conservationist and animal heritage institutions to ensure that every animal in the zoo has a unique feature that may make it unfit for animal parks. Otherwise, all animals should be taken back to the animal parks to restore ethical practices in dealing with animals.
Garrett, E. A. (2015). Why do we go to the zoo? Communication, animals, and the cultural-historical experience of zoos. Place of publication not identified: Fairleigh Dickinson Up.
York, T., & Hobgood-Oster, L. (2015). The end of captivity? A primate’s reflections on zoos, conservation, and Christian ethics.