Artificial intelligence: can it ever take place of the human mind?
Artificial intelligence is the science of instructing computers to perform tasks that require intelligence when performed by the human mind. Computers with artificial intelligence can only perform a particular task, unlike the human mind. There are one hundred billion cells that makeup the human brain. The cells connect with thousands of other cells through synapses to form two parts of the brain. These parts include the subconscious and conscious mind. They interconnect to perform complex tasks that artificial computers cannot perform (Warwick, 2011).
Artificial intelligence cannot take a place of the human mind. The subconscious and conscious parts of the brain help human beings to deal, adapt, and understand new situations. In addition, the mind can apply knowledge through cognitive processes, to adapt to a certain environment (Winston, 2014). However, artificial intelligence is only developed to perform and mimic the human mind. It is difficult to program artificial computers for intelligence items such as reasoning, perception, learning and knowledge.
Development of artificial intelligence started fifty years ago. Artificial intelligence researchers classified it into weak and strong artificial intelligence (Warwick, 2011). The weak artificial intelligence aims at developing technologies that execute programmed instructions. These moves follow some procedures to achieve certain goals. However, the strong artificial intelligence is creating technology that can work and think like human mind without mimicking. Unfortunately, the artificial intelligent researchers have only completed the weak artificial intelligence. It is impossible to develop the strong artificial intelligence because researchers cannot develop a subconscious and conscious system.
The weak artificial intelligence uses a specified procedure to perform tasks. Artificial computers can remember the procedure if the task is successful. However, it is difficult for the artificial computer to perform better in an environment not previously encountered. The computer lacks a conscious intelligence and cannot use common sense to come up with new ways of solving a problem. The human mind will use both the subconscious and conscious mind in solving problems. It will learn and form new ways of performing tasks (Warwick, 2011).
The artificial computer cannot reason like the human mind. It is difficult to program the computer to make conclusions relevant to the situation in hand. The human mind uses its conscious part to decide based on the situation in hand (Winston, 2014).
In conclusion, the artificial computers mimic the human mind but are limited to performance. They follow procedures that perform specific tasks. The human mind has a subconscious and conscious part that helps it in performing unlimited tasks. In addition, they help the human mind deal, adapt, and understand new situations. The mind can, therefore, make conclusions relevant to the situation in hand, unlike the artificial intelligence. Researchers have only managed to develop the weak artificial intelligence which can follow procedures for specified tasks. It is impossible to develop a strong artificial intelligence because of lack of subconscious and conscious intelligence.
Warwick, K. (2011). Artificial Intelligence: The Basics. New York, NY: Routledge.
Winston, R. (2014). The Human Mind. Merrimac St. Newburyport, MA: Transworld Digital.