Bird watching is an activity enjoyed by the old and young. Providing opportunities for kids to become involved in birding is a wonderful educational experience. Bird feeders can be bought or assembled and can range from simple tray feeders to the more complex or ornamental. Many different species of birds are attracted to bird feeders depending on where you live, time of day, time of year and other factors. To Make Your Own Bird Feeders Try Out These! Bird watching is enjoyed by the young and old. Enhance your bird watching experience by crafting these two easy to make bird feeders using recycled plastic containers! Bird watching is enjoyed by the young and old. Enhance your bird watching experience by crafting these two easy to make bird feeders using recycled plastic containers! Overview: Students will be introduced to the joy of bird watching while learning the basic biology of the group Aves. They will complete a reading activity to introduce them to the basic biology of birds followed by a scientific inquiry involving a field study on the behaviour of birds at bird feeders.

One 40 minute block for video and brainstorming. One 40 minute block for outlining the Scientific Method and the Scientific Inquiry. One 40 minute block for Reading Comprehension Activity and Worksheet. Daily monitoring of the Bird Feeders for one or two weeks. Allow for daily de-briefing regarding bird feeder activity and problems encountered, especially if inquiry is done at home. If time is allowed at home to compile project, allow 2 or 3 40 minute work periods in-class or more if project must be compiled at school. For graphing the data, use a graphing program such as Microsoft Excel which can be accessed through Microsoft Word. It is easy to use and a practice session could be provided as an extra activity during a computer lab. Or, students can use the old fashioned method of graph paper and pencil and pencil crayons to construct their graph. A sample is provided. At least two bird feeders would be preferable but one will do. Bird feeders may already be present at home or at school. If not, they can be designed from recyclable materials (2L plastic pop bottles; well cleaned detergent bottles; milk cartons) as a class art project.

Scientific Method Information Sheet. Students will learn the classification of birds. Students will learn the basic biology of the group Aves. Students will learn the fundamentals of the scientific method and how to apply it to their own field study. Students will learn to organize and present a science fair project. Students will have an opportunity to answer questions regarding their completed project. Digipics Studio. Irish wild birds feeding. Day 1: Have students watch the short video, “Irish wild birds feeding” to introduce the nature of their field study. The link is provided above. Have the students brainstorm what they know about birds and questions they have using the brainstorming worksheet. Discuss the Scientific Method using the Information sheet provided followed by a discussion of the field study they will be working on. At this point, you will have decided whether the data collection will be at home or at school, whether they will be working in partners or alone and if a science fair presentation will be part of their final product.

Day 2: The students will independently read the Reading Comprehension Sheet and complete the accompanying chart. Have the students watch the very short, “Ground Birds: Wild Turkey” and have them identify one use of feathers featured. Day 3: Allow the students 40 minutes to complete the background research for their study. Daily, for the rest of the week, allow the students 10 minutes or so per class to discuss their observations to date and raise any concerns regarding their field study. At the end of the study period, allow the students 2 or 3 work periods to analyse their observations and compile their report or science project. The Scientific Method is a process for experimentation used to understand observations and attempt to answer questions. This method is used to seek a probable cause for a particular problem. A question is asked and an experiment is designed so that one change can be examined at a time and the results can be observed.

The scientific method, just as it does for scientists, allows students to design an appropriate science fair or study question, create a hypothesis, design, carry out and finally evaluate their experiment. Problem: The process begins when you ask a question about something observed: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? Your question needs to be about something that can be measured, preferably with a number. Background Research: Do some research about your question to see what others have already discovered. It will help you figure out the best way to design your experiment and fine tune your question. Hypothesis: This is your educated guess regarding your problem. Test with an Experiment: Your experiment determines whether your hypotheses are true or false. This is done by designing a fair experiment where only one factor is changed at a time while keeping all other conditions the same. Analyse Your Data: Data is collected and organized in charts and graphs.

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