Tesco Plc. and SainsburyPlc Ratio Analysis and an Investment Decision

The report analysed Tesco Plc. and SainsburyPlc., which are competing in the grocery stores industry. The purpose of which is to determine the better long-term investment for a potential investor using ratio analysis on the more recent three year performance. Sainsbury and Tesco operates supermarkets, convenience stores and online distribution channels primarily in the United Kingdom. Tesco is the third largest global retailer and is the market leader in the United Kingdom while Sainsbury is currently ranked at third.

Tesco and Sainsbury are having problems in asset management since inventory levels have increased due to price competitions and stricter receivable terms. The reason for the lower liquidity is that creditors may have requested for a faster payment period, which resulted to the increase in the long-term borrowings. Tesco and Sainsbury regularly paid dividends in the past three years to mitigate the company perception of an increased investment risk. Both companies do not have a potential to become bankrupt in the near future as concurred by the better z-scores.

Tesco is still the better investment for potential investors despite its recent operating problems, which included the horsemeat scandal and the lower profitability.

 

Stress Management


Personal Development Project

Stress management is a term that refers to various techniques and psychotherapies that aim at the possible ways to control an individual’s degree of stress, particularly chronic stress, often for the purposes of bringing improvement in that daily routines (Hardy, 1998). In this regard, the phrase ‘stress’ is used in reference to solely to the stress and substantial negative concerns, or grief in the lingo backed by psychologists instead of what some refer to as the eustress i.e. a form of stress which has repercussions that are of help in one’s life. Stress brings about many physical and psychological signs that differ depending on one’s situational aspects. These could comprise of the physical health deterioration and the depression. The processes of stress management are mentioned as some of the pillars for a pleasant and effective life in the current life. Though life brings about many difficulties that can be strenuous in handling, stress management issues various methods of managing the nervousness and maintains general health (Somaz & Tulgan, 2003).

Stress entails some feelings of straining and excessive pressure. Smaller quantities of stress might be desirable, helpful, and even fit. Positive stress can help in the improvement of athletic activities. It is also essential in motivating, adaptations, and reacting to the surroundings. But too much quantities of stress nevertheless, might result to numerous complications in one’s body that might be of very much harm. Stress might be external and connected to the surroundings, but then again might also be brought about by any internal perception that causes a person to be anxious or additional negative feelings that surround the condition, for example pressure, uneasiness, etc., that they at that time consider stressful. People undergo situations that are stressful, or have perception on things as being frightening, whenever they don’t consider that their abilities for managing problems (stimulus, individuals, circumstances, etc.) are sufficient to handle the challenges they are facing. Whenever one thinks that the demands which are usually about to be faced by us exceeds our abilities of coping with them, we eventually end up experiencing significant levels of stress (Ogden, 2007).

Evaluation of the efficiency of different stress management approaches might be problematic, since there isn’t sufficient researching that has been carried out up to date. Therefore, the aggregate and quality of substantiation for the different approaches differ significantly. Some are taken as efficient remedy in psychotherapy, while others have insignificant roof supporting them and thus perceived to be alternative therapies. Most of the specialized organizations happen to be promoting and providing trainings in conventional or alternative therapy. There are many methods used in stress management, all having unique explanations regarding the appliances for managing stress. More study is essential to give a better understanding on what mechanism actually operates and is more efficient in practice (Schultz, 2010).

Meditation

Meditation triggers some biochemical and physical alterations in the human body jointly called the “relaxation responses”.Relaxation responses comprise of the alterations in digestion, heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure and mind chemistry. The mankind’s nervous system is made up of the parasympathetic structure, that is meant for the regulation of the heart beat rates, respiration and various reflex motor activities, and sympathetic systems that arouse the body, making it prepared it for dynamic activities (Schultz, 2010).

It is also perceived that particular examples of meditation could function by minimizing the activities in the sympathetic nervous systems as well as improving activity in the parasympathetic nervous systems or similarly, that meditation brings about a reduced stimulation and increased relaxations. Meditation enhances gray matter in particular parts of the brain and might end up slowing down the weakening of the brain as a way of the natural aging procedures. Studies have shown that those who were meditating have an improved thickness in their gray matter in their brains. The grey matter is accountable of devotion and procession of sensory input. It has been studied that the alterations in the thickness of brain is related on the quantity of time used while meditating. The growth in thickness can range from .004 to .008 inches (i.e. 0.1016mm – 0.2032mm) (Schultz, 2010).

Yoga

In this method of stress management, people hold stretches as a method of low-effect physical application, and is usually applied in the therapeutic dedications. Yoga can be carried out inside classes and might entail meditations, imagery, breath works and melody.

Meditation and the exercising aspects of hatha yoga are been studied for the specific and non-specific medical welfares. Hatha yoga has been researched to be a remedy for various situations, such as the back pains, stresses, and depression. Generally, it is essential in improving the quality of one’s life, but doesn’t treatment for diseases. Hatha Yoga might be efficient for a patient who is managing depression. Exercises and the mindfulness meditations aspects might be of help. Hatha Yoga has been associated with a more considerable reduction in the nervousness and greater development in the patient’s moods as compared to those who just walked. Therefore, Hatha Yoga can be a probable therapeutic process for those who have particular disorders. Also, Hatha Yoga might be efficient as one manages the chronic, though not severe, low back pains. Hatha Yoga treatment is effective for the chronic low back pains (Hardy, 1998).

Spiritual insight

The mind might have effect on the body and one’s body might end up affecting one’s mind. Since it is a crucial growth in the medical sector structures to have an understanding in these relations, spirituality concept comes into consideration. Spiritual insight is similarly if not more vital in the healing, since an individual’s sense of self, beliefs in one’s life meaning or determination, and their relation to something better than their personal self might make them healed, have health, and be well. Most of the divine teachers direct believers to be at one with themselves, or their God or higher powers, and to have a small heaven on this earth. Practices including the prayers, meditations, and relaxation are also being used in the achievement of superior powers, peace, and internal wisdom (Schultz, 2010).

Prayers, meditations and relaxation might trigger the relaxation responses – they lower the heart rates and breathing rates and reduce the hormones that trigger stress. These routines have also being used in the lowering of nervousness, stress, sadness, physical and passionate pains. One’s relationship with the spirits, whatever one’s philosophies, might reinforce one’s vigor and vibrant living forces; this might facilitate one’s abilities of staying well and recovering from diseases. One’s beliefs are vital to the abilities of getting better, staying well, or making peace amid the challenges of the circumstances. The gesture effects are usually appreciated by the medical studies whenever an individual has developments that can’t be attributed to the ‘intervening’ aspects of spiritualism, but might come from the individual’s beliefs that could eventually be of assistance to the person (Schultz, 2010).

Relaxation techniques

Whether one’s stress is increasingly getting out of control or one has already gotten it in control, one might have some benefits understanding the relaxation practices. To learn fundamental relaxation practices is simple. Relaxation procedures also are usually free or of lower expenses, projects minimal risk, and could be carried out at any place (Hardy, 1998).

Whenever on is faced with many tasks and tasks or the difficulties of diseases, relaxation tactics might help reduce stress. The practice of relaxation could help in reducing stress since it slows one’s heart rate, lowers blood pressure, slows one’s breathing rate, reduces activities of stress hormones, increases blood circulation to main muscles, reduces muscular tensions and chronic pain, improves attentiveness and temperament, lowers fatigue, reduces fury and frustrations and boosts poise of handling problems. However, one is required to have an optimistic attitude in life whenever undergoing through these solutions. One should always be looking for fun, problem-solving, management of time, doing exercises, having sufficient sleep, and to reach out to their allies and family members who are supportive (Hardy, 1998).

In conclusion, stress can be treated by application of Yoga, spiritualism, relaxation techniques and meditation. However, everyone is advised to have a positive thinking regarding the current and future life. But, there isn’t clear proof on the correlation between having a reach to the friends who are supportive to the reduction of stress. Therefore, this call for a future research on this matter since it could be economical and essential to the health of the society.

Reference List

Hardy, S. (1998). Occupational Stress: Personal and Professional Approaches. United

Kingdom: Stanley Thornes ltd. pp. 18–43.

Ogden, J. (2007). Health Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill, pages 281-282

Schultz, D. (2010). Psychology and work today. New York: Prentice Hall. p. 374.

Somaz, W., & Tulgan, B. (2003). Performance Under Pressure: Managing Stress in the

Workplace. Canada: HRD Press Inc.p 7-8

 

Gethenian concept

Gethenian concept

Gethenian concept

Gethenian concept
Gethenian concept

In addition to the two primary plot threads following Genly Ai and Therem Harth rem ir Estraven, Le Guin includes five Gethenian tales, short stories within the novel (Chapters 2, 4, 9, 12, and 17).  Yet, in the second paragraph of Chapter 1, Genly Ai tells us that “it is all one story.”  Evaluate his assertion and support or reject it. After that answer the questioins below: MLA FORMAT

What do we learn about Estraven in Chapters 2 and 9?

What other information about the foretelling does Chapter 4 foreshadow?

What do we learn about the Gethenian concept of time in 12?

What do we learn about shifgrethor in 17?

What is the quality of the answer that the Foretellers give?

What does the shadow of 17 symbolize?

 

On a separate piece of paper do the assingment below:

In her Introduction, Le Guin tells us that, in her novel, she is describing us:

Gethenian concept

Yes, indeed the people in it are androgynous, but that doesn’t mean that I’m predicting that in a millennium or so we will all be androgynous, or announcing that I think that we damned well ought to be androgynous.  I’m merely observing, in the peculiar, devious, and thought-experimental manner proper to science fiction, that if you look at us at certain odd times of day in certain weathers, we already are. . . .  I am describing certain aspects of psychological reality in the novelist’s way, which is by inventing elaborately circumstantial lies.

Examine the lies she tells to determine what METAPHORICAL times of days and which METAPHORICAL weathers she is talking about.  In what ways is she claiming humans are androgynous?

 

Understand that metaphorical means NON-literal, so she is not talking about time by the clock or weather in the sky.  Weather, in this comparison (metaphor) is circumstances we find ourselves in, such as work/careers, parenthood, interpersonal relationships, and so forth. Times would be specific situations in those contexts.  She is saying that, in certain situations and circumstances, our genders do not matter:  we (re)act as humans, not as men or women.

Gethenian concept

 

You job is to identify what those situations and circumstances might be by identifying parallels in the lives of the people of Gethen.  Name them, and show the parallels.The essay asks you to do either one of two things:

1)       Look for examples of things the Gethenians do which are like the parenthood illustration I used above to prove that she is correct, that there are times when OUR genders don’t matter.  She puts these (re)actions into the form of the androgynous Gethenians to tell a good story, but she is really talking about us.

“Lies” = metaphor.  A metaphor is a comparison (study of SIMILARITIES) between UNLIKE (= DIFFERENT) things.  Its purpose is illustration.  For example, I once heard a student say, “Kissing him was like eating a bowl of spaghetti.”  Literally, this statement is a Lie, but it nevertheless describes and explains what that kiss was like in a short, easy-to-grasp manner.  We are not left in any doubt that she was NOT impressed.

Think of a Time  (in LeGuin’s metaphor) as a specific instance and Weather as general conditions.  It’s sort of like 3 pm on a Rainy afternoon:  the Time is a specific instance, and the general condition is rainy.

Let’s apply that to her theme of psychological reality that tells us that we are sometimes neither male nor female but simply human.

The weather/situation is Parenthood.  The time/instance is an infant crying.  According to LeGuin, the response will be for the parent to go to the infant and try to comfort it.  This response is not linked to male or female:  it’s simply what a human parent would do.

Her Introduction says that she believes there are many such times/weathers when our genders are irrelevant, that we are simply human, not male or female, in our actions/responses.

In order to talk about this conclusion, she could have written a psychology textbook about our common human nature, using all literal facts and figures, OR she could have written a novel, which uses Lies—metaphors in the form of people who are androgynous physically—to illustrate our common human nature.  Being a novelist, she naturally chose to write the novel and fill it examples like the one I used above but set on this other world with androgynous humans living there.

This essay will require analysis.  Don’t bother retelling the story:  your readers have read it.  Instead, take the story apart to see how the pieces interact.  Show us cause-and-effect relationships, the causes being the elements, the effects being the readers’ reactions, and the relationships being the means by which the reactions were evoked.  Identify the general effect in a Thesis Statement (or Statement of the Controlling Idea). 

USE THE “LEFT HAND OF DARKNESS” BY URSULA K. LE GUIN AS YOUR REFERENCE ONLY FOR BOTH ASSINGMENTS. WORD COUNT IS UP TO YOU BUT NOT TO SHORT

MLA FORMAT

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