Pay Less With Gas Cash Back Credit Card

It seems there is no stopping the increase in  gas  prices, and so we all scramble to find ways to at least lower our spending by all means. But there is one way to cut  gas  costs, and that is by means of a  gas  cash back credit card, which could actually be a smart way to buy  gas .

The use of this kind of card helps you get a refund or a portion of the total amount you pay for  gas , with up to a maximum of 5%. For some cards, the amount is credited to your account after a certain period. For others, the waiting period is until you have accumulated a certain amount before redemption. There are also those that offer rewards like gift certificates. The cardholder may be given a choice of either a reward or cash rebate. If such is the case, then you may want to weigh which one gives you more value before making a decision.

There are even some  gas  credit cards that give rewards in terms of maintenance service. If you take your vehicle for routine service and oil change, then these become extra points for you.

But even cards of this kind differ in their offers, as well as in their terms. While some can be used only on certain brands of  gas , there are others that could only be used on identified locations. This may be a good thing for those who go to the same  gas  station, but not for those who are always on the lookout for the cheaper place. But there are those cards that could be used at any location and with any brand.

But before you finally sign up for that card, read the terms and conditions. It is useless getting the card when you will not actually benefit from its offers. There are a number of these cards available, so you may want to check on a couple of them and compare them to make a more intelligent decision. There are even some  gas  credit cards that allow you to purchase other items with the same card, so it pays to really check which card works best for you in terms of payment schemes, interest, and of course, rewards.

But saving on fuel cost does not just mean getting a  gas  cashback credit card. You should also be wary. The objective of saving on  gas  purchases may never be realized if you choose the wrong card. There are those issued by gasoline merchants and there are those issued by banks. We suggest you make a comparison, but more likely, you will find the bank issued cards to be more loaded with savings and lower interest rates on credits. Read and ask questions. You will less likely to commit mistakes this way.

Gas Grill Smoker

There’s nothing like the smell of freshly smoked barbeque wafting through the air to get your neighbors talking. Almost everyone is under the impression that you have to spend hundreds of dollars on a top-of-the line grill smoker to get that great smoked flavor in your barbeque. Truth is, it costs less than $50 to convert your existing grill to one of the best smokers on the block.

With the invention of Sam’s Smoker Pro, you can turn your existing gas grill into a super smoker, allowing you to smoke anything from brisket to ribs just like the pros. Sam’s Smoker Pro is easy to install and comes with its own special installation and removal tool.

Why spend hundreds of dollars on an expensive gas grill smoker when you can re-fit your existing grill with Sam’s Smoker Pro? All you have to do is place the smoker box directly onto the heat source, fill with wood chips (soaked or dry), replace the grill grate on top as you would when using the grill as normal, and you’re ready to place your meat on the grill and slow smoke it to perfection.

Sam’s Smoker Pro comes in three package models, from the basic, which includes the smoker box, installation and removal tool, instruction booklet with recipes, and a starter pack of wood chips; to the deluxe package model, which includes everything in the basic package as well as additional wood chips in various flavors such as apple, peach, cherry, hickory maple and pear.

If you’ve been looking for a gas grill smoker but cannot justify the price when you have a perfectly good grill already on your patio, then it’s worth it to check out Sam’s Smoker Pro. It’s the next most logical step in upgrading your gas grill.

History of Oil and Gas in Nigeria

The early history (1908 – 1960) – The history of oil exploration in Nigeria dates back to 1908 when Nigerian Bitumen Corporation conducted exploratory work in the country; however, the firm left the country at the onset of World War I. Thereafter, license was given to D’Arcy Exploration Company and Whitehall Petroleum. However, both companies did not find oil of commercial value and returned their licenses. In 1923 new license covering 357,000 sq. miles was given to a new firm called Shell D’arcy Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria. The new firm was a consortium of Shell and British Petroleum (then known as Anglo-Iranian). The company began exploratory work in 1937. The consortium was granted license to explore oil all over the territory of Nigeria but in 1951 and then between 1955 and 1957, the acreage allotted to the company in the original license was reduced. Drilling activities started in 1951 and the first test well was drilled in Owerri area. Shell-BP in the pursuit of commercially available petroleum found oil in Oloibiri, Nigeria in 1956 and came on stream producing 5,100 bpd. Production of crude oil began in 1957 and in 1960, a total of 847,000 tonnes of crude oil was exported.

Major Dates in Early History of Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry

1908: Nigerian Bitumen Co. & British Colonial Petroleum commenced operations around Okitipupa.

1938: Shell D’ Arcy granted Exploration license to prospect for oil throughout Nigeria.

1955: Mobil Oil Corporation started operations in Nigeria.

1956: First successful well drilled at Oloibiri by Shell D’Arcy

1956: Changed name to Shell-BP Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Limited.

1958: First shipment of oil from Nigeria.

1960: Other non-British firms were granted license to explore for oil like Tenneco

The Mid History (1961 – 1990) – at this period, Nigeria was just understanding its latest grounds as an oil exporter and developing its export market. It was during this time that commercial exploitation of the country’s reserves began with the Nigerian Government introducing its first regulations governing the taxation of oil industry profits in which the profits were to be shared 50-50 between the government and the oil companies. By the later part of the 1960s, the Nigerian Government considered ways to utilize the resource being exploited by the western countries to develop the country and with this thought formulated its first agreement for taking equity in one of the producing companies, the Nigerian Agip Oil Company, jointly owned by Agip of Italy and Phillips of the United States. The option to take up an equity stake-in effect the first step toward the creation of the NNPC-was not, however, exercised until April 1971. In 1970, the end of the Biafran war coincided with the rise in the world oil price, and Nigeria was able to reap instant riches from its oil production.

Major Dates in Mid History of Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry

1961: Shell’s Bonny Terminal was commissioned; Texaco Overseas started operations in Nigeria.

1962: Elf started operations in Nigeria. (As Safrap), Nigeria Agip Oil Company started operations in Nigeria

1963: Elf discovered Obagi field and Ubata gas field, Gulf’s first production

1965: Agip found its first oil at Ebocha, Phillips Oil Company started operations in then Bendel State

1966: Elf started production in Rivers State with 12,000 b/d

1967: Phillips drilled its first well (Dry) at Osari -I, Phillips first oil discovery at Gilli-Gilli -I

1968: Mobil Producing Nigeria Limited) was formed, Gulf’s Terminal at Escravos was commissioned

1970: Mobil started production from 4 wells at Idoho Field, Agip started production, Department of Petroleum Resources Inspectorate started.

1971: Shell’s Forcados Terminal Commissioned, Mobil’s terminal at Qua Iboe commissioned

1973: First Participation Agreement; Federal Government acquires 35% shares in the Oil Companies, Ashland started PSC with then NNOC (NNPC), Pan Ocean Corporation drilled its first discovery well at Ogharefe -I

1974: Second Participation Agreement, Federal Government increases equity to 55%, Elf formally changed its name from “Safrap”, Ashland’s first oil discovery at Ossu -I

1975: First Oil lifting from Brass Terminal by Agip, DPR upgraded to Ministry of Petroleum Resources

1976: MPE renamed Ministry of Petroleum Resources (MPR), Pan Ocean commenced production via Shell-BP’s pipeline at a rate of 10,800 b/d

1977: Government established Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) by Decree 33, (NNOC & MPR extinguished).

1979: Third Participation Agreement (throughout NNPC) increases equity to 60%, Fourth Participation Agreement; BP’s shareholding nationalized, leaving NNPC with 80% equity and Shell 20% in the joint Venture, Changed name to Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC)

1984: Agreement consolidating NNPC/Shel1 joint Venture.

1986: Signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)

1988: Formation of 12 strategic business units, covering the entire spectrum of oil industry operations: Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), Nigerian Gas Company (NGC), Products and Pipelines Marketing Company (PPMC), Integrated Data Services Limited (IDSL), National Engineering and Technical Company Limited (NETCO),Hydrocarbon Services Nigeria Limited (HYSON), Warri Refinery and Petrochemical Co. Limited (WRPC), Kaduna Refinery and Petrochemical Co. Limited (KRPC), Port Harcourt Refining Co. Limited (PHRC), NNPC Retail, Duke Oil

1989: Fifth Participation Agreement; (NNPC=60%, Shell = 30%, Elf=5%, Agip=5%).

Recent History (1991 – date) –

1991: Signing of Memorandum of Understanding & joint Venture Operating Agreement (JOA)

1993: Production Sharing Contracts signed -SNEPCO, Sixth Participation Agreement; (NNPC=55%, Shell=30%, Elf= 10%, Agip=5%), the coming on-stream of Elf’s Odudu blend, offshore OML 100.

1995: SNEPCO starts drilling first Exploration well, NLNG’s Final Investment Decision taken

1999: NLNG’s First shipment of Gas out of Bonny Terminal.

2000: NPDC/NAOC Service Contract signed

2001: Production of Okono offshore field.

2002: New PSCs agreement signed, Liberalization of the downstream oil sector, NNPC commences retail outlet scheme.

6 Great Gas Saving Tips

The price of petrol just keeps going up and up!  Gas  prices are killer. If me using my car was rare before (I like buses and bicycles), it’s even rarer now. Last time was when I paid a visit to the Stevenswood Spa Resort, I think. People are looking for ways for their  gas  money to stretch farther, thus saving  gas , and I’m no exception. A few months back, I asked a friend of mine who worked for a car company if he had some practical advice. Now, I’m here to share his valuable advice with all of you!

1. Find cheap  gas . This is the most obvious solution, but often overlooked. Major  gas  companies add a lot to price by adding various additives to your  gas  then giving it a fancy name! Keep a sharp eye out for  gas  prices as well. If a station seems to have a lower price, take the chance and load up.

2. Accelerate and brake right. Every time you step on the  gas , you lose fuel. Don’t stomp on it! Slowly push down with your foot. If you’re close to something, don’t slam the brakes. Raise your foot from the  gas  and let the car decelerate naturally, saving the brake for when you really need it. Keep doing this until it becomes second nature. You can save 20% of your  gas  this way, experts say.

3. Dump the weight. A jack and a spare tire are fine, but carrying your gardening tools in your trunk may be excessive! Get rid of anything that’s not necessary. Same goes for luggage racks or similar devices on your car roof; not only is it weight, but more drag. Get rid of it when you’re not using it to save  gas .

4. Ride the wave! Vehicles, when moving, push air to the side to make room for it to go through. This causes drag and slows down your car. Take advantage of this! If you’re behind a large vehicle like a truck, which displaces a lot of air, there will be much less drag, thus less  gas  used to get the same speed. Race car drivers use this to great effect. So, why don’t you do that too?

5. Share  gas . You’ll save a lot of  gas  if there are more people! Why not start or join a carpool? Expenses are split between you, and that’s less cars on the road, less  gas  used up, and less cash spent! It’s not always possible, but if a chance presents itself, do yourself a favor and jump on it.

6. Maintain your car. Replacing a clogged filter can increase your mileage by 10%. Using the right oil also improves efficiency. Check your tires and make sure they’re filled with air. Take care of your car, and it will take care of you!

There are more things you can do to save  gas , but these are the more general ones. Any  gas-saving  tips you like to share? Opinions are always welcome!