Coca Cola Analysis

SWOT analysis seeks to look into an organizations environment both internally and externally. Internal forces comprises of strengths and weaknesses while the external environment comprise of opportunities and threats.


Why is coca-cola so interested in Africa which is typically regarded as part of the base of the global economic pyramid?

Opportunity

The coca-cola company is the world leading beverage producing company. It was founded in the year 1886. Coca cola is interested in the African market due to its potential growth. The Asian market, European and the American market are fully utilized and any company seeking growth and expansion opportunities in the global market like the coca cola company has to look up at the African market. Africa is undergoing urbanization which makes it easy for coca cola to distribute its products. There is a growing trend in Africa where the middle class population is on the increase and their income are also increasing they are willing to buy more and more from coca cola company to meet their needs for beverages. Although the African continent is regarded as having some of the poorest countries there are 12 countries with a population of over 100 million whose combined GDP surpasses that of china. African countries are attaining political stability thus conducting business in Africa is becoming successful for coca cola. Africa nations are seeking foreign investors in order to create employment and achieve economic growth thus the coca cola company has exploited this opportunity to invest in Africa (Us.coca-cola.com, 2015).


What unique resources and capabilities does Coca-Cola have that will have help it complete well in Africa

Strengths

Coca Cola Company enjoys vast resources in terms of capital structure; assets and international recognition that will enable it succeed in the African market. These are its strengths. It has the ability to conduct street by street campaigns and promotion in order to ensure their goods are known and marketed to each and every town and village. Coca cola has over three thousand distribution centers which manual thus making distribution of products to be effective. It will ride on it well known brand name thus making it easy in marketing and promoting its products. The company has employed a huge work force in Africa thus gaining support from the governments and the society at large. It has also participated in corporate social responsibilities which help it improve its image and gain acceptance in the society (StudyMode, 2015).

What are the drawbacks of making such large scale commitment to Africa?

Threats

The coca cola company in making large scale investment in Africa could suffer from several threats. These threats include political instability in the African continent resulting in wars could hinder it operations. In most regions there exists poor infrastructure thus making penetration complex and expensive. African governments are characterized as being corrupt thus this menace will affect the operations of Coca Cola Company (Investors et al., 2015).

Do stakeholders in the United States and Africa who criticize coca cola have a reasonable case against it?

Weaknesses

There exist weaknesses in Coca Cola Company resulting to why United States and Africa stakeholders criticize coca cola. There are health concerns associated with coca cola products; the calories content in the products has been a subject of its criticism. Acidity level in the product has raised health concerns and even resulted in court cases. The company is also characterized with poor record in environmental conservation. Coca cola is accused of engaging in questionable strategies of marketing and engaging in monopolized business operations for its products. Concerns have been raised over it suppression of trade unions, and violating of intellectual rights (Us.coca-cola.com, 2015).


References

Study Mode,. (2015). coca cola in Africa by Chrissy-Hu. Retrieved 5 January 2015, from http://www.studymode.com/course-notes/Coca-Cola-In-Africa-61750195.html

Investors, Company, Page, Brands, Videos, & Sustainability, et al. (2015). Coca-Cola Journey HomepageThe Coca-Cola Company. Retrieved 5 January 2015, from http://www.coca-colacompany.com/

Us.coca-cola.com,. (2015). Coca-Cola | Home. Retrieved 5 January 2015, from http://us.coca-cola.com/mobile/home

 

HEALTHCARE QUALITY AND LIABILITY

“Healthcare Quality” and “Liability and Quality

In this paper, I examine the quality of healthcare, the challenges facing the implementation of the basic guidelines and also healthcare quality organizations and the steps they have taken to improve their service delivery. I will also propose a measure that each organization can take to enhance their quality. The paper will name the various types of medical errors and their related costs and the initiatives that a given healthcare organization can put in place to counter them. I will also identify the fundamental principles of standard care that would be beneficial to the said institution. The paper will explain the importance of proper reporting of both medical and non-medical errors, the hospital’s corporate ability compared to that of each employee’s remote liability in the event of an error and the various steps that an organization can take to reduce these errors. It also shows how value-based purchasing and public reporting improve healthcare quality. I will give a comparison of the merits and demerits of each reporting method. Finally I will give examples of healthcare quality improvements that could have resulted from of an organization implementing each type of reporting method described. I used various methods of data collection such as interviews, research and observation to complete the paper. it is my expectation that it would be of notable assistance not only to interested students but also to healthcare providers. I thank everyone who assisted in the realization of my goal.

 

 

 

The IOM defines quality healthcare as “care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient and equitable (with no disparities between racial and ethnic groups). A quality healthcare organization is one that has taken measures to raise its standards to provide services that do not just fit this description but also surpass the standards put in place by the universal healthcare regulatory bodies.

I am impressed by the effort that the John Hopkins university hospital and the Florida Hospital for their works in the improvement provision of quality healthcare. They have ensured that there are enough qualified and friendly staff with adequate knowledge of the developments in the world of service delivery. The two institutions have also invested in high quality infrastructure and equipment. They can further improve their quality of healthcare by integrating information technology into their systems to reduce errors and also quicken delivery of medical care to patients.

There are various types of medical errors such as medication errors, surgery of the wrong patient or body organ, abduction of infants, hemolytic reaction due to wrongful transfusion of incompatible blood. The healthcare organization can reduce medication errors by ensuring that all professionals are well-versed with the policy of the “six rights”. These are right patient, right drug, right dose, right dosage form, right route, right time. the use of information technology can be useful in prevention of many of these errors too. Like the surgeons are unlikely to make mistakes if the patient profiles are properly documented and are readily available in the hospital database.

Healthcare organizations are liable when the medical errors are as result of direct negligence such as due to the low quality of equipment or infrastructure hiring unqualified healthcareproviders. In the event of an error, the hospital can also be held vicariously responsible for the mistakes of the medical staff; either employed or operating under contract. The health facilities can avoid these liabilities by ensuring that they ascertain the qualifications of the medical and non-medical staff before hiring them and availing equipment and paraphernalia that is of authenticated quality. This

Accepting that errors have been made and reporting them working towards ensuring that they are not repeated is very important. It has also been found that reporting errors lowers liability ligation expenses. It also enables the public to have confidence in the healthcare organization. This system has positively contributed to the reduction of medical errors in healthcare institutions such as Central Florida Regional Hospital and University of Rochester Medical Center. Value based purchasing ensures that the hospital does not acquire equipment or drugs that may be harmful to the consumers or health practitioners.

References:

Rothschild, J. M., Landrigan, C. P., Cronin, J. W., Kaushal, R., Lockley, S. W., Burdick, E., … & Bates, D. W. (2005). The Critical Care Safety Study: The incidence and nature of adverse events and serious medical errors in intensive care*. Critical care medicine, 33(8), 1694-1700.

Cheng Lim, P., & Tang, N. K. (2000). The development of a model for total quality healthcare. Managing Service Quality: An International Journal, 10(2), 103-111.

Pegalis, S. E., & Wachsman, H. F. (1980). American law of medical malpractice (Vol. 1). Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company.

parents-children relationship

The problem of the relationship between parents and children has always been topical. It will be relevant as long as the mankind exists. All children think that they arespecial, but parents are not always show the same affection to all children. There are often some children who are more beloved byparents than others. This interesting topic is covered in the article written by a group of specialists from the Cornell University (Suitor). It investigates the statistics on cases of “parental differential treatment” (PDT).According to this article, parents are not predisposed to admit that they are more benevolent to some of their progeny. Children usually feel different. They are inclined to think about themselves as more or less favorite in compare with other children. Thus, interviewing of parents and childrenseparatelycan give inaccurate results. More objective results might be obtained by questioning children and parents together, using videotaping.The facts set out in article show that differences in parents` attitude may have different explanations. It may bethe presence of stressful situation. For example, one of the children has serious problems with health and requires more care that can be interpreted as favoritism. There might be marital problems when children have to choose between parents and vice versa. Frequently, the degree of parents` benevolence depends on the birthorder. It is not clear whether first-borns are more beloved than last-borns, but it is obvious that middle children arein less favorable position. Parents are more inclined to care for biological progeny than nonbiological. Especially, it concerns women.  Some studies show that parents` attitude might be due to children`s behavior. Some of the children are reported more aggressive and uncontrollable in compare with others and, as a result,less loved. It explains greater affection of parents to girls than to boys.

The differences in parents` attitude might result in low self-esteem, highlevels of abnormal behavior, depression and aggression. Unpleasant consequences to less loved children are more apparent than for more loved. The general conclusion is that families with low level of PDT show less level of children`s aggression. It also reported that big value may have the presence of fairness in family relationships.  There are some cases with less degree of hostility due to the fairness, but opposite cases are also reported. The influence of PDTin adult life is still unclear because it is hard to organize long-term observations.

I think that parents ‘attitude toward children has a great impact on their future life. If children feel that they are less loved or paid less attention, they demonstrate proclivity either to apathy and depression or some forms of hostility. Some of them may have problems in dealing with contemporaries. It might result in slack attention to the study and inconsistency in the choice of future profession.Parents often have difficulties in explaining them that it might be caused by the objective reasons.  For example, it is necessary to care more about small brother or sister because babies need more care than elder ones. If the family is large, the elder brother or sister might be considered as the future provider. That is why; he or she needs more money for education.  It appears quite natural that middle-born are less cared. I agreethat the girls get more attention from parents. But it might be easily explained by the fact that men more often provide their families and women are housewives. Mother and daughter have more common interests than mother and son.  Thus, sometimes the male energy is sent in a wrong direction. If boys are engaged in some useful affair, they usually show less degree of juvenile belligerence.  I do not agree that children who are more favored show less degree of aggression. There are a lot of cases with quite an opposite effect. If the child feels more favored without any efforts on his or her part, it may lead to the realization of own superiority. As a result, it might issue in inadequate behavior and uncontrolled anger attacks.  Conversely, the lack of attention may lead to the desire to succeed in order to attract parent`s attention.

Despite the large number of studies, there are some points to be cleared out. Due to the complexity of making experiment or naturalistic observation, it is still unknown whether the lack or excess of parent`s attention influence the career and family relationships during the adult life.Future research may be based only on data obtained much earlier.It is advisable to maintain detailed information about all subjects of investigation in order to make it available for subsequent researches. Taking into consideration that most of the control groups belonged to the middle class, there is a lot to be investigated with familiesof lower or higher social status. Families with low social status are highly presented in developing countries. In this regard, there are interesting studies concerning gender discrimination in family (Bharadwaj). The main idea of these studies is that children of female sex are in less favorable conditions, concerning their possibilities to study and get well-paid workplace. Such situation is reported not only for developing countries, but also for developed countries, althoughit shows to a much lesser extent. It might be explained, that parents usually are less inclined to invest money in girl`s education. Next article considers how parents of different controlgroups prepare their childrenfor situations that involve prejudices against women (Shearer). It showed a convincing correlation between the parent`s socioeconomic status and the level of gender education. Different cases study shows that a lot of children get information about gender bias mainly through observation. In my opinion, the situation with gender bias might be improved by educational methods that affect the mind of children from an early age. If they learn at school and through the media and internet that girls and boys are equal, they will act accordingly in the future life. If they know that real cases of gender bias exist and they must be fought, the situation might be changed in near future. The next step is to create more workplaces for women and help them to obtain an adequate education. Especially, it concerns developing countries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Bharadwaj, Prashant, Gordon Dahl, and Ketki Sheth. “Gender Discrimination in the Family.” N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://econweb.ucsd.edu/~gdahl/papers/gender-discrimination-in-family.pdf>.

Shearer, Cindy. “Gender Socializationinthe Family.” N.p., 2007. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/paper/7891/3199>.

Suitor, Jill, et al. Parent–Child Relations. Vol. 17. N.p.: n.p., 2008. Print.

 

 

 

How Poverty Affect Children in their Early Childhood Education

Poverty affects the likelihoods of children’s educational achievement and concurrently educational achievement is one of the instruments of evading debt. In nearly all features of family life and consequences for children, poverty remains a persistent issue across the globe with deadly impacts. Child development means the ordered rise of codependent skill of sensorimotor social-emotional functioning, and cognitive language. These rely on child’s larger social network, physical being, and family context. Educational outcome or results in this paper incorporate school readiness, educational attainment, drop-out, and number of education accomplished. School readiness is a wide collection of skills that impacts children’s capability to learn in kindergarten.

IMPACT OF POVERTY ON CHILDREN’S EARLY EDUCATIONAL AND DEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES

In every state, poverty imposes a long-lasting stress for kids and families that may inhibit successful change to development errands, comprising educational prosperity. Children brought up in low-income backgrounds are at risk for social and academic challenges also to reduced welfare and health, which can, as a result, weaken educational attainment. When these threats take place in preschool periods, they can impose long-term consequences (Barnett 2014). For instance, readiness for education on entry to nursery sets the route for future achievement. Education preparation is crucial to advanced education success since the variations in school have long-lasting impacts. School readiness have been proved to be projecting of almost every academic benchmark such as special education placement, grade retaining,  test scores, and dropout. The repercussions of early academic failure are enhanced the probability of drop-out, absenteeism, and delinquent or unhealthy behaviors (Barnett 2014).

The relationship between low academic achievement and poverty has been well established. Children from poor families are at high risks of dropping out of school without graduation, leading to inflation and adjusted wages in many countries (Berrick 2012). Evidence from UNICEF and UN shows that kids within steady impoverished backgrounds have lower academic and cognitive performance and added behavioral difficulties than kids who are not vulnerable to poverty. This is explained by the absence of motivating behavior and home encounters among poor families.

Developing Nations

Likewise, in developing countries, children exposed to poverty are at high risk of never going to school than children from richer backgrounds, and these diversities are broad. These dissimilarities are highly associated with affluence and parent’s education than to rural/urban habitation and gender. Kids raised low-income households similarly attain less in school. Evaluations depict robust positive association between student success and socioeconomic status throughout countries, academic areas, and across age levels (Delgado 2012). Also, socioeconomic variations in success scores, frequently known as socioeconomic gradients is present in many countries, showing socioeconomic state-related inequity in educational results (Barnett 2014).

Mechanisms on how Poverty Affects Early Childhood Development Results

  1. Direct Effects

In the direct impact ideal, poverty affects children’s development and education through enhancing risk aspects and limiting defensive opportunities and factors for enrichment and stimulating. For instance, kids in low-income upbringings are at high risk for both overweight and under-nutrition, frequently related to food scarcity (Young 2011). The evidence illustrates that parentage behavior influences numerous outcomes of poverty among kids. Poor families usually have low education, decreasing their capability to offer receptive stimulating learning environment for their youngsters. They tend to restrict their youngster’s linguistic setting by applying a language that is led by directives and simple structures, instead of elaborations and explanations with and an increase of negative commentaries made (Berrick 2012).

Additionally low-income households tend to utilize harsh childcare styles that are centered on maternal control, instead of mutual communicating styles that stimulate social competence and emotional development. Nevertheless, children from low-income households are less probable to read to than those from wealthy families (Delgado 2012).

A child’s language is surrounded by using philological dominated by simple structures and commands, instead of elaboration and explanation with an improvement in the proportion of undesirable comments made. As well, poor families have a tendency of using a cruel nurturing style that are centered on paternal control, instead of mutual, interactive style promoting social competence and emotional development (Barnett 2014).

  1. Moderated Effects of Poverty on Children

Moderated effect or impact is one where the consequence of poverty differs all through features of children or families. For instance families inadequately educated with deprived decision-making skills can have more problems in shielding their kids from the impact of poverty than those who are well schooled with coherent decision-making abilities. Moderated effects may similarly work by deliberating protection on youngsters. It has been proved that families living above poverty line involve in cognitive improving practices with their kids living below poverty line (Barnett 2014).

  1. Mediated Effects of Poverty

With mediated models, the influences of low-income are felt via disturbances in family progression, which, as a result, have adverse consequences for the youngsters (Lyons 2010). This model relates to Family Stress Model, where poverty linked with economic inflation adversity may contribute to anxiety and cause an adverse effect on emotional parent welfare and mental health, destabilizing childrearing behavior. The outcome will destabilize childrearing behavior and enhance the possibility of parents using controlling and harsh parenting (Berrick 2012). The outcome has been developmental and behavioral issues for children.

  1. Transactional Effects of Poverty

Within transitional models, the impacts of poverty commonly reverberate by the associations between children and family, including both mediated and moderated processes. Just like parenting aspects can decrease the effect of poverty on the development of children, characteristics may act the same way (Lyons 2010). For instance, caregivers of erratically kids are less probable to show sensitive, receptive caregiving and more likely to report depressing indications than caretakers of intermittently accessible youngsters. The negative repercussions of parenting depressive signs on the development of children can worsen in the limelight of nurturing a temperamentally problematic child. There is a probability for the same association when households are experiencing poverty (Lyons 2010).

Conclusion

To conclude, improving early childhood education and development requires extensive reduction of poverty, which needs a life-cycle technique that commences during the childhood years prior to formal education readiness. It engages additional proximal contexts and family and concentrates on indirect procedures relating poverty to child educational and development outcomes. Both contextual factors and personal characteristics determine the way children can gain from educational chances and over the progression of time, evade from poverty (Barnett 2014).

References

Barnett, W. Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty Promises, Programs, and Long-term Results. Albany: State U of New York, 2014. Print.

Berrick, D. Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare. New York: Oxford UP, 2012. Print.

Delgado, J. “Risk Factors for Burns in Children: Crowding, Poverty, and Poor Maternal Education.” Injury Prevention (2012): 38-41. Print.

Lyons, F. “Planning UPE in Latin America for the Children at the Poverty Margin.” International Review of Education (2010): 193-96. Print.

Young, J. “Kindergarten Education and Poverty in Colombo: Children’s Lives and Social Protection of Slum Children.” The Journal of Anthropology of Education (2011): 111-60. Print.