In our Daily Life Quotations are so Essential

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Use quotations at strategically selected moments. You have probably been told by teachers to provide as much evidence as possible in support of your thesis. But packing your paper with quotations will not necessarily strengthen your argument. The majority of your paper should still be your original ideas in your own words (after all, it’s your paper). And quotations are only one type of evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics. The types of evidence you use will depend in part on the conventions of the discipline or audience for which you are writing. For example, papers analyzing literature may rely heavily on direct quotations of the text, while papers in the social sciences may have more paraphrasing, data, and statistics than quotations.

1. Discussing specific arguments or ideas.Sometimes, in order to debate with clarity and specificity the ideas of others, you need to quote those ideas word for word. Suppose you want to challenge the following statement made by John Doe, a well-known historian:

"At the beginning of World War Two, almost all Americans assumed the war would end quickly."If it is especially important that you formulate a counter-argument to this claim, then you might wish to quote the part of the statement that you find questionable and establish a dialogue between yourself and John Doe:

Historian John Doe has argued that in 1941 "almost all Americans assumed the war would end quickly" (Doe 223). Yet during the first six months of U.S. involvement, the wives and mothers of soldiers often noted in their diaries their fear that the war would drag on for years.

2. Giving added emphasis to a particularly authoritative source on your topic.There will be times when you want to highlight the words of a particularly important and authoritative source on your topic. For example, suppose you were writing an essay about the differences between the lives of male and female slaves in the U.S. South. One of your most provocative sources is a narrative written by a former slave, Harriet Jacobs. It would then be appropriate to quote some of Jacobs’s words:

Harriet Jacobs, a former slave from North Carolina, published an autobiographical slave narrative in 1861. She exposed the hardships of both male and female slaves but ultimately concluded "slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women."

In this particular example, Jacobs is providing a crucial first-hand perspective on slavery. Thus, her words deserve more exposure than a paraphrase could provide.Jacobs is quoted in Harriet A. Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, ed. Jean Fagan Yelling (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987).

3. Analyzing how others use language.

This scenario is probably most common in literature and linguistics courses, but you might also find yourself writing about the use of language in history and social science classes. If the use of language is your primary topic, then you will obviously need to quote users of that language.

Examples of topics that might require the frequent use of quotations include:

Southern colloquial expressions in William Faulkner’s Light in August Ms. and the creation of a language of female empowerment

A comparison of three British poets and their use of meter

4. Spicing up your prose.

In order to lend variety to your prose, you may wish to quote a source with particularly vivid language. All quotations, however, must closely relate to your topic and arguments. Do not insert a quotation solely for its literary merits.

One example of a quotation that adds flair:

Calvin Coolidge’s tendency to fall asleep became legendary. As H. L. Men ken commented in the American Mercury in 1933, "Nero fiddled, but Coolidge only snored."

There are so many websites about quotations.

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Writing a Great Novel-The Secret Every Writer Needs to Know

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There’s nothing more important to writing a successful novel than identifying the key problem of the story. This article shows how easy it is.

Every writer wants to write a great novel, but not every writer knows the secret that can make the difference between a successful novel and a failure. The secret that every writer needs to know is that every novel is a mystery. I know that might sound ridiculous at first, especially if you’re writing a romance or a science fiction novel. At their core, though, even westerns and horror stories are mysteries.

Let me explain what I mean. When I say that every novel is a mystery, I mean that there is something (a mystery) that the main character must figure out during the story. In a murder mystery, this is pretty obvious. The main character must figure out who committed the murder. This search for the murderer then provides the framework around which the rest of the story is structured. In a romance, the protagonist may need to figure out how to get the man she loves to fall in love with her. In a science fiction novel, the main character may need to figure out how to get back home after his spaceship crashes on an alien planet. In each of these cases, solving the mystery in the story provides the framework.

This mystery can’t just be a passing comment in the story. It needs to be the bones of the story. Therefore, the very first step in writing your novel is to figure out what mystery your main character is going to solve.

First, answer these questions. What is my character’s main task during the story? What does he or she need to find out?

Next, give your main character a seriously compelling reason for completing their task. Let’s use our previous science fiction novel as an example. Our main character needs to figure out how to get back home because he wants to witness the birth of his first child. Maybe he is carrying a vaccine that can cure an epidemic on his home planet. Maybe he only has three days of breathable air. Maybe he has a message that must be delivered to the president in order to prevent war. The more dire the consequences, the better the story will be. The list of possibilities is endless.

You can see how important the word “because” is when you’re writing your novel’s statement. It can turn a good idea for a novel into a great idea. Try using this format for your novel’s mystery sentence: The main character needs to (write the problem here) because (write a compelling reason here).

You can use this mystery statement as part of your marketing material when the novel is finished. It can appear in your press release and in your online advertising.

If you’ve already written a novel, check to see if you can write a mystery statement. If not, there’s a good chance your novel lacks focus. I’ve seen some pretty decent writers spend a lot of time writing very mediocre books which sold only a few copies because they ignored this simple secret.

Make your novel a great novel by finding the mystery in it.

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How Much Money Can A Writer Earn?

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One question that everyone always wants to know is how much money can you earn as a writer?

The Answer to that has to be, how much money do you want to earn as a writer?

To be able to earn a full-time income you need to have a goal of exactly how much you want to earn. But don’t make your goal too low, or you may reach it.

My advice is to set a target at an income of $100,000 a year. This would mean that if you reach your target you’ll be earning a 6-figure income.

To break it down and make it easier to understand how much you should be aiming to earn every week, take a look at it this way.

Say you plan to work 50 weeks a year. This means that to earn $100,000 a year you need to be earning $2,000 a week. If you’re working 5 days a week that’s $400 a day. So an 8-hour working day means you need to be earning $50 an hour.

In order to earn $50 an hour you need to use your time wisely and carefully. For instance, don’t waste an hour driving to a stationary supply shop that’s further away than your normal one to save $20 on stationary. That is a wasted hour.

You also need to manage your time better. I used to waste time running to the post office nearly every day. Now I designate one day a week to going to the post office. I just pile up the outgoing mail all week and post it all in one go.

You also need an efficient filing system so that you can easily locate anything you need, again to free up your time to write.

You see to be able to achieve a 6-figure income from your writing, you need to be focused and you need to stay focused and not be distracted by thinking about other things you need to be doing (like running to the post office).

You must also ensure that when you take on a writing assignment, whether it’s one of your own or a project that you’ve been commissioned to do by a publication or a private client that it will pay you $50 an hour.

Whenever I write for off-line print publications I always apply to the national magazines or publications that have a large circulation who can afford to pay me at least $50 an hour for my time.

I know that I can type up to 100 words per minute. But so that I don’t over stretch myself I always assume that I’ll average about 80 words per minute. So if I have to write a 1,000 word article, I know it will take me less than 15 minutes to type it.

But typing isn’t all I have to do. I have to think what to say as I type. So I allow ½ hour to type up a 1,000-word article. But I will probably have to do some research first. I usually only agree to write articles on subjects that I already know something about. So say I need ½ hour to outline an article, ½ hour to research online any information I don’t have, ½ hour to rearrange the information as I want to present it and then ½ hour to type it up.

Altogether that’s 2 hours work. So for this I need to be paid at least $100, although I try and aim for more. Why? Because I can’t always guarantee that I’ll be earning $50 for every working hour of every week. Some weeks I’ll earn less than my target and sometimes more (when I’m very lucky). So I have to strive to earn as much as I can whenever I work.

So if I was to work for small publications and earn less than $50 an hour, I’d be missing my target. So that’s why I always aim high when it comes to earning writing income.

But, I can hear you asking, “Is it really possible to earn a 6-figure income?” And to this I have to say “Why wouldn’t it be?”

If you’re working full-time as a writer you can have several different avenues of income from:

• Writing assignments for magazines
• Writing assignments for job sites
• Writing assignments for private clients
• Writing and publishing eBooks
• Writing and publishing printed books
• Online advertising revenue
• Affiliate programs

You can plan to send out 5 query letters and/or short stories to magazines every week, to subscribe to several different writers’ ezines to find more markets. Write and publish several eBooks and print books and market them by regularly writing articles and uploading them to article directories, whether they are free directories such as http://ezinearticles.com or revenue-sharing directories such as http://www.suite101.com. And you can create and maintain several niche websites where your Pay-Per-Click ads and affiliate links are earning you money on every page.

That’s the beauty of being a 21st century freelance writer; the sky really is the limit.

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Greek mythology: The history and significance of Persephone

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Source: http://www.helium.com/items/1628938-greek-mythology-the-history-and-significance-of-persephone

The tale of Persephone, her significance in Greek mythology and her importance to the history of Greece is a widely known myth commonly taught in classrooms across the world. Stories of this woman and her family are found in almost any book or website pertaining to Greek mythology that can be found. Strangely, there is not much information known about Persephone other than this well known version of her tale.

My recollection of the myth as it goes Persephone was daughter to the Greek god, Zeus and Demeter, Goddess of Vegetation. At a young age she was given, by her father to his brother, Hades, God of the Underworld. Being a young girl, both Persephone and her mother refused her leave which angered Hades causing him to come up from his world and steal Persephone. As sadness overtook mother and daughter, the green plains and gardens of the planet began to die and Zeus had no choice but to reason with his brother. If proof could be found that Persephone in no way wanted to live in this dreary world with Hades, Hades would let her leave. To Zeus’ disappointment, in her time in the Underworld Persephone had broken her hunger strike and had eaten from the hand of Hades who considered this an act of appreciation. In the end, the brothers came to the agreement that Persephone could live half the year with Hades in the Underworld, and half the year with her family on earth. Hence, the turning of our seasons.

A straight to the point source explaining the birth of this historical myth surrounding Persephone and how she became know as the Goddess of the Underworld is detailed within a thesis essay on Persephone found at Fiction Press. The text states that,

“…Homer’s version of the myth – the official version given by the Eleusinian mysteries – concentrates almost entirely on Demeter and her journey while searching for Persephone. Her anger is frequently commented on and, other than her brief interlude as nursemaid for the house of Keleos, her normal maternal nature is hardly mentioned. It appears that the search, rather than Persephone herself, and the deprivation of food from the land is the most important element of the story. Outside of her abduction, Persephone is given very little attention… Her role as a goddess of the underworld, outside of being married to one, is not referenced at all. Even with her mother at the beginning of the myth, she is not given a specific job or identity. To take this aspect of Kore, the maiden, further we could also say that she is placed among other maiden goddesses in the field. Despite Pallas (Athena) and Artemis being identified, both these goddesses were renowned for being forever virgins, highlighting Persephone’s Kore persona as innocent, virginal and very little else…”

Source: Fiction Press

The significance of Persephone in history and Greek mythology is ultimately her symbolic connection to the changing nature of our seasons as before she was banished to Hades’ Underworld the planet experienced a perpetual summer. Without Persephone, we would not know winter, spring, summer, and fall.

Sources:

Persephone Thesis: Essay Component, http://www.fictionpress.com/s/ 2726319/1/Persephone_Thesis_Es say_Component

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