My Personal Carbon Footprint

For three full days, record all your activities that use up fossil fuels, such as:

  • Driving your car ( 45 miles a day )
  • Heating your house ( 4 hours a day )
  • Doing laundry ( once in those 3 days for 2 hours )
  • Doing dishes ( does’s use the dish washer at all )
  • Taking a shower with hot water ( 20 minutes each day )
  • Etc, etc.Describe these activities in one paragraph for each day. Note: Your grade will NOT depend on how much or how little fossil fuels you consume, only on your honest and careful analysis!

    Use your monthly electricity bill, natural gas bill, and gasoline bill, to calculate your personal consumption of the different types of fossil fuels per month. Make a table with your monthly consumptions of the different fossil fuels. Then calculate the corresponding release of CO2, and put it into the same table.

    Describe how you determined the CO2 emissions. Show your calculations! Please use Microsoft equation editor (under “insert -> object”). Do NOT try to write equations with the regular text editor.

    In the conclusion, assess the amount of your CO2 emissions. Explain if and how you might be able to reduce your carbon footprint.

    The report should be about 2-5 pages long, double-sided.

Fossil Fuel

Monthly consumption

CO2 emission


Natural gas




Hints for your Carbon Footprint Report

Gasoline Consumption:

  • Determine how many miles you drive per day (distance D).
  • How much gasoline do you use for your daily drive?Calculate it by knowing how many miles per gallon (mpg) your car gets: gals of gasoline used = D


    If you don’t know the mpg for your car, start with a full tank, set you odometer to zero, and record the distance you drove, and the gallons of gasoline you need to refill, the next time you get gas.

  • To calculate the mass (in kg) of CO2 emitted by gasoline, convert the gallons of gasoline to kg (the density of gasoline is 0.7kg/l), and multiply by a factor of 3 (This factor comes from the chemical reaction equation for the burning of gasoline.):CO2 [kg] = x gals gasoline ⋅ 3.885l ⋅ 0.7kg ⋅3 1 gal l

    Electric Power Consumption:

  • Find your monthly electricity bill. You are billed for the kWhe (kilowatt-hourselectric) of electric energy you used during the month in question.
  • Figure out what the sources of your electricity are. (E.g., below is the “PowerContent Label” that SoCal Edison must provide to their customers by California Law. Or, you can use the information from the California Energy Commission provided in the slides from the lectures.)
  • For your carbon footprint, only the fraction of electricity generated by fossil fuels (natural gas, coal, or petroleum/oil) is relevant.
  • Use table 10.3 (page 343) of your textbook, to calculate the “grams of carbon equivalent per kWhe “ emitted by the power plant for your use of electricity. (This is the right hand column of the table.) You have to multiply this number by a factor of 44/12, to obtain the mass of CO2 emitted in grams. (See example problem in your textbook.) To convert the grams to kg, divide by 1,000.Natural Gas Consumption:
  • Find your monthly natural gas bill. You are billed for the “therms” of natural gasyou have used. 1 therm = 100,000 Btu. Using the table in the front of your textbook, you can find that 100,000 Btu corresponds approximately to 100 cf of natural gas.
  • In terms of CO2 emissions, 1,000 cf of natural gas produce 115 lbs of CO2. (For more information, see the website: ). To convert to kg, remember that 2.2 lbs correspond to 1 kg.

A Critical Analysis of John Adams’ “City Noir (2009)

The symphonic work titled “City Noir (2009)” by world’s famous composer John Adams is primarily inspired by Kevin Starr’s, a historian, work on metropolitan California’s rich social and cultural history between 40s and 50s. [1] The work characterized as “jazz-inflected symphonic music” like what Adams wants to achieve for the entire piece. Another important personality that contributed to the success of the composition was Darius Milhaud, a French composer, who served as the originator of the popular symphonic performance.

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As quoted by prufrocksdilemma site, “City Noir didn’t sound like any o the works by John Adams I’d come to know and embrace. But I was curious, not to mention encouraged by a very reliable source to keep listening, so I did. While City Noir remained a bit of a foreign object – so unlike The Dharma at Big Sur, which I took to at once – there was something about it that “had legs”, and I wanted to know more. I was particularly curious about the choice of concert programming. The line-up was Respighi’s Fontane di Roma, to which I’d only recently introduced, the Ravel, and City Noir. What was the concept here? What was the “through line” that led from Respighi to Ravel to, of all things, City Noir?”

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  1. Just Walking Around in John Adams City Noir (2016, November 16). Retrieved November 16 2016 from



Performance Elements

Initial post -Please choose ONE of the following options:

    1. Performance Elements: Drama is different in many ways from other literary forms because it has major components that cannot be clearly experienced when it is read, but which instead can only be experienced when one watches a play performed. For this forum’s main post, compare Reed’s The C Above the C Above High C and Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest. Is one of the two plays more reliant on performance elements than the other? How does this affect your experience of the play as a written text? If you were able to watch the YouTube video of The Importance of Being Earnest, you are welcome to discuss that as well. Give specific examples from each play to support your response, and be sure explain those examples.


    1. Class and Social Mobility: The Importance of Being Earnest is set in a period of English history where social class is important. What issues about class does Wilde raise in the play, and what do you think he is trying to say about those issues? Give specific examples from the play to support your response, and be sure explain those examples.


  1. Out of Time: The C Above the C Above High C is a play that is set in the 1950s, but was written in the 1990s. Would the play come across differently if it had been written in the 1950s as well? Choose one character or scene in the play that sticks out to you, and explain how you think that character or scene would have been similar or different it it had been written in the time in which the play is set. Give specific examples from the play to support your response, and be sure explain those examples.
Please divide your posts into paragraphs for easier reading, and make sure to reference, paraphrase, or quote specific passages from the text to support and illustrate what you say
please do this in MLA with 200-300 words

Discussion question

This discussion question deals with the lack of proper premises, or the lack of a proper conclusion. Please think of a recent situation in which you have encountered hidden premises or a hidden conclusion. Please identify either the missing premises or the missing conclusion of the argument.
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For example, the philosopher Peter Singer suggests that we are morally responsible for saving people who are starving in the world.  The missing premise would be a premise connecting morality to the duty of providing for starving people.

Also, you should google Peter Singer for a more complete understanding of his argument on our moral duty to those in poverty.   What are your thoughts on his argument?


(2)A sound argument is valid (correctly formed) and has all true premises. Your book  discuss several ways to test the soundness of an argument. Now it is your turn to apply the tests. Go to a website that provides a contemporary issue, such as the Huffington Post. Find a brief article that contains a clear argument.

Identify the premises and how they support the conclusion.  Please provide substantial detailing for the premises and the argument.

After you have completed your analysis, please put the premises into a standard form argument.

Premise one

Premise two
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Evaluate the argument for its soundness. Determine the soundness and validity of the article and link the article at the end of your response by copying its Web address.

For example, the philosopher Robert Nozick makes the argument that taxation is akin to forced labor. If a person is required to work for the benefit of others against his or her will, then Nozick suggests the labor is forced. By imposing taxation on people, the U.S. government is forcing them to work for the benefit of others against their wills. Therefore, the U.S. government is subjecting its tax-paying citizens to forced labor. Do you agree? Why or why not?


(3) Case study due on wednesday @1900


  1. Abortion is murder, because murder is intentionally killing an innocent person.  Therefore, abortion is wrong.

Explicit premises:

Implicit premises:

  1. The rate of drowning increases with the rate of ice cream eating.  Therefore, ice cream eating leads to drowning.

Explicit premises:

Implicit premises:

Determine whether the conclusion follows from the premises:

  1. No cats are pleasant creatures.  This is a mouse.  Since it is not a cat, it is a pleasant creature.

Determine whether the argument is sound or unsound.  Then determine whether each argument is valid or invalid.

  1. All cats are feral.  Tabitha is a cat.  Tabitha is feral.

Show that the argument is invalid.

  1. Using the Counterexample Method, show that the argument’s conclusion does not follow:

“If I score an A on the test, then I will pass the class.” “I passed the class!” “Therefore I scored an A on the test.”

Identify both the explicit and implicit premises of the argument presented.  Assess whether the premises of the argument presented should be accepted or rejected.

  1. Killing people is always wrong.  Euthanasia is an example of one person killing another.  Therefore, it is clear that euthanasia is wrong, and should continue to be illegal.

Explicit premises:

Implicit premises:

Assessment of premises:

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