Assessment of the Child – Functional Health Pattern Analysis Worksheet


In the United States of America there has been exponential growth in spending on health care and tops the list of rapidly growing sectors in the economy (Jarvis, 2012). These costs can be attributed to neo-natal intensive care units and a large number of low birth weight infants. Recent advancements in medicine have led to more knowledge in infant care. Children normally relate with their surroundings in each stage of their development. They acquire different skills as they grow. Nutrition and socio-cultural practices of different regions and races, determine the rate of development. The process of child development is complex as each child shows unique pattern of maturity at different ages(Jarvis, 2012). The cognitive and sensory ability, physical size, psychosocial patterns often undergo massive transformations and thus nurses should be able to study and comprehend normal patterns in development to enable them perform pediatric examinations, and comfortably identify children who show abnormal or slow development. School going children usually learn the basics of communication and say when they are sick or feel bad. The parent or daycare providers manage the health of children and most of things they do daily are often directed by them(Piaget, 1972).
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Assessment of Various Stages of Development of a child

Preschoolers are often interested about their body and how it functions and normally at this stage they will be able to say when they are not feeling well or they are in pain. It is at this stage that most children start to understand their bodies, and may have an accurate idea of their external organs such as hands, legs etc. and some internal organs such as bones and heart. Children, who have commenced their classes in schools, are conscious of how their bodies’ function and tell when they are feeling sick. The school age children have a well-developed cognitive ability and are fully aware of their health, disease causing factors and appreciate the need for medical examinations. Parent’s inadequate knowledge may be a cause in poor health of the child e.g. neglected teeth usually develops cavities (Perry, 2013). School going children are at a constant risk from prolonged exposures to environmental hazards but their size and age can trigger senses of fear and vulnerability. Lack of timely immunization exercises to preschoolers, can result into risks of infection and their growth process exposes them to constant illnesses and injuries (Santrock, 2003). Toddlers often experience difficulties in chewing food and swallowing and potential food allergies may develop. Preschoolers and school going children may often eat junk food which may lead to obesity and other metabolic disorders since most of their parents are busy and may not find enough time to direct their nutrition. Underweight children are as a result of poverty and other unhealthy cultural practices where access to food is limited(Perry, 2013).

Punishing or teasing a child could affect them emotionally and may lead them to always be dependent on the parent. While the toddlers are playing, they risk getting unintentional injuries through handling tasks that are beyond their abilities. Due to constant exploring their new and expanding environment, children may often encounter injuries such as poisoning or drowning. School aged children are often physically and naturally active and too much play or watching non-educative televisions, lead to decreased learning. As a child progresses from an infant or a toddler to preschool then to school age, they often encounter a variety of challenges. Influence of a child’s peers and parents often adds up pressure on their lives and as a result affects developmental growth (Piaget, 1972). The existing social-cultural, religion and belief system enables a child to develop as unique individual. A toddler and a preschool child often need a more structured routine to be able to develop values and behaviors and grow their own sense of identity. Continuous learning will enable the child to develop good behaviors as they grow into adulthood.
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Jarvis Carolyn, 2012. Physical Examination and Health Assessment, 6th Edition. Saunders.VitalBook file. Pages 23-26, 96-106.

Perry E. Shannon, Hockenberry Marylin J., Lowdermilk D., Wilson David, (2013). Maternal Child Nursing Care.  Elsevier Health Sciences, 5th Edition, Page 14-37.

Piaget, J., (1972). The Child’s Conception of the world. Tutowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams Co. pages 111-113.

Santrock, J. (2003). Life-span Development. 9th Edition. Boston: McGraw Hill. Pages 70-79.

The Advantages of Having Your Articles Republished and How Exactly to Manage It

Article marketing is a very important component of many small affiliates’ marketing campaigns. I have written a great many articles discussing the advantages of writing quality, keyword rich and preselling articles and distributing them online. In this article I will go further and develop the idea of a correlation between article quality and republishing rate, and, furthermore, the way this distribution can be hugely beneficial for your internet business.

Part 1: The advantages of being republished

See your articles go viral

Republishing is an option available on most of the main article directories including EzineArticles, the site where this article is to first be published. Basically bloggers and website owners are free to take and use your article as long as the content and links are not edited at all. They receive the advantage of new and interesting content for their readers, and in exchange you receive an authentic enhancement of the benefits gained from each article submission. Your articles, and hence links, are spread around the internet and this can often occur in a viral process – especially for high quality articles, the invention of social bookmarking has made this phenomenon even more common. In the modern era of affiliate marketing therefore, your adverts and articles are judged more and more critically by readers – if you have a talent for writing and developed knowledge of your niche the advantage has shifted towards you and this is why you will hear a lot of professionals tell you ‘content is king’. It is reality that the best and most interesting articles can be read by thousands of people overnight – I have had this sensation occur a couple of times where my site has featured highly on Stumble Upon or Reddit, and even better, many of the resulting influx of visitors also made purchases.

Backlink benefits for SEO

Apart from the instant growth of your article readership there are also long term SEO benefits to be had from wide-scale republishing. The more related sites using your article, the more backlinks you will get, and hence clearly more is better in this case. Again, when more people see your website republished, the more sites will republish it themselves. Backlinks are such an important factor in influencing search engine rankings and therefore if you can extract as many backlinks as you can per article you can see big movements. This is the essence of my own marketing strategy and is certainly an approach which has brought me success. The re-publishers must also link back to the original articles, and therefore these too can move to the top of Google’s rankings (and other search engines) – if you can see your own pages and your original articles at the top of the search engines you will be getting a huge amount of highly targeted, organic traffic like I am in many niches.

Part 2: How to get your articles republished

Considering these backlink and targeted visitor benefits, it seems to make a great deal of sense to optimise your articles for republishing. Here is my advice on how exactly to do this – I have written more in depth articles in this issue but I feel this is a decent beginner’s guide.

Firstly we must consider why exactly website and blog owners choose certain articles to republish. Admittedly the rates of republishing will depend upon the size and specificity of the niche; however, there are a few general trends which you should try to capitalise upon.

Focus on quality and relevance

The first of these pieces of advice is to focus, as far as possible, on quality. This means investigating the relevance of what you are writing to your readers, and doing so before you start to write it. The more tailored to people’s needs the more likely they will visit your website and / or republish your article. I have, for instance, written long and well-structured articles only for them to only be useful to a tiny, tiny niche with little commercial value. You should try to avoid this trap of specificity if at all possible, especially when you start to run out of things to write. Spending a few minutes researching the Google keywords that people are searching for, as well as the more popular threads on forums, can help you identify these. For instance I was inspired to write this after reading a discussion on quality vs. quantity and used my answer as the basis for this piece.

Spend more time to ensure quality

While I’m on the matter of article quantity, I will also say that a quantity approach to article marketing is unlikely to bring the same republishing benefits. Over the life of an article this is to your disadvantage as poor quality articles are not going to continue to spread and build new backlinks – if you only get a couple of new backlinks each month this is still well worth the extra hour or two you may have to spend initially on creating the quality content. If you let the articles do the work for you it is far more rewarding, not to mention time saving, experience than if you need to just keep writing articles for backlink purposes. This means being sure to include everything you feel is relevant, and planning thoroughly is a good way to achieve this – also spell check and ensure the grammar has absolutely no mistake – people don’t want poorly written rubbish on their website.

Go into greater depth and be unique

The next piece of advice is to make your articles in depth and analytical. Really answer the reader’s questions and discuss any original insights you might have. It is just real common sense to say that a reader is far more likely to republish an article that is not only highly relevant, but also unique. You should be trying to compel anybody who reads to republish and therefore the usefulness must be top notch – this means being comprehensive in the coverage of topics involved. I experimented with this a lot and found that writing articles between 1000 and 2000 words were the most effective for republishing purpose. This is the length to maintain interest and to get across an impression of knowledge and expertise. Anything shorter and you probably haven’t included enough information, anything more and your readers may just switch off before getting to the end. There may be niches or specific articles which break this rule but in general a long and in depth article is the best way forward.

Tempt people to read

Finally I will say you need to, quite obviously, get people to read in the first place. This includes all the standard things such as an intriguing title, keyword rich content and building backlinks to your article. I have written a lot more information about this so please check my other articles for further detail.

If you can write to a high standard and follow my advice you should be able to start driving both your backlinks and targeted visitors through the roof. I hope you have found this particular article interesting and I don’t think it’s a bad example of my successful work – in the affiliate niche the republish rates average at nearly 10% of article views so you can imagine the success I’m enjoying as a result. This kind of success is possible for anyone to achieve, as long as you stay motivated and keep writing. And remember that just spending that little bit longer on each article can make a massive difference to your republishing results in the long run.