THE PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM
THE PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM
The idea of freedom of human will has been met by enthusiasts as well as opponents in equal measures. While some people decide to handle the question in Philosophical terms, there is an opposing side which feels that freedom should be subject to natural laws that direct science. Human will depend entirely on two main factors which are motives and character. If one decides to view all men as equal, then their will seems to appear from the situations that they are currently experiencing (Reitmeister). However, when one put in mind that man adopts a mental picture as determined by inner forces and not from outside forces, then his action will be fixed by the desire he as of something.
This then brings us to whether there is a difference in the known motive of action and that of unconscious urge. The conscious purpose will give a result must be judged from that which comes from blind impulses (Steiner). Do people have knowledge of the reason why they perform some actions? It is commonly known that man is only free when he is controlled by reason and not his animal passions (Reitmeister). Also, freedom means being able to determine one’s life as well as actions by deliberate actions.
The fundamental questions of whether and in what sense man could be considered free is an important topic in philosophy. There has been loads of research work understanding philosophy of freedom. To understand the concept, there are two main parts that one should understand; the conditions of thought and the freedom of action. It is important to look for freedom in conscious action. There are different compulsions of motives that occur at various levels to find freedom. However, freedom does not exist when it is suppressed by many forces that act within us.
Consciousness is arrived by perception through senses and perception through thinking. Thinking is an organ of perception just like senses serve as the channels to understanding the nature of things. However, thinking in its pure essence is not the abstract experience that people seem to be in (Steiner). The actual quality of thinking is associated with feelings and reality. In fact, abstract thinking is the remnants of real thinking or the aftermath of what is left after the actual thought. Thinking helps us to access the actual inner reality of the world. After learning how to separate the external elements from the process of thinking, then we arrive at what is considered as real thought.
In exercising freedom, the role of self-awareness is necessary. Feelings and perceptions tell us of objects that we are interested in; those of ourselves and the other about the world. To understand their personal messages, they need thinking so as to give the reasons as to why they arise. Feelings are responsible for telling us how the world affects us, but our will tells us how we would affect the world (Reitmeister). We experience our feelings as well as our will and perceptions. Humans can act out of their compulsions of natural beings or moral obligations, but such relief does not mean that we become free. However, between them is an individual insight which does not come from ethical principles or bodily impulses. An action that is triggered by individual insight is truly free. It is unpredictable and depends on the individual (Steiner). It is in this regard that philosophers encourage people to live through deeds of love, and accepting others as they are.
In exercising freedom, morality is considered completely individual and depends on the situations at hand. It is, therefore, a right to state that freedom is achieved when inner and outer stresses are satisfied. To achieve such levels of freedom. Therefore, we must practice creating ethically sound and practical solutions when faced with new issues. To achieve freedom, human beings have to lift themselves from their common perceptions as pre-determined by our nations, family religion and other group existences. It is only when one accepts the potential to be unique in their way are they totally free. It has to come from our efforts to be fully open.
In conclusion, philosophy of freedom maintains that true freedom should be sought for and is not subject to the natural world nor the abstract principles held by a majority of people. To experience true freedom, it is a process that requires hard work, self-understanding and separating outer forces to feed the inner motivations. As such, individual’s freedoms are entirely different from each other, depending on the internal drives that a certain person has. Also, individual insight guides direct the levels of freedom for people. More importantly, pure thinking results from an association of both feelings and reality. Freedom in its true essence is personal and requires time to learn the inner self which results in true satisfaction.
Reitmeister, Louis A. A Philosophy of Freedom: An Attempt to Explain the Natural Basis of Freedom. New York: Poseidon Books, 1970. Print.
Steiner, Rudolf. Philosophy of Freedom: A Modern Philosophy of Life Developed by Scientific Methods. Place of publication not identified: Martino Fine Books, 2012. Print.