The word “meningitis” comes from the Modern Latin word meninga and the Greek word Menix meaning “membrane”. The suffix “itis” comes from the Greek word itis meaning “pertaining to”. In medical English, the suffix “-itis means” “inflammation of”.

Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges. The meninges is the aggregate name for the three layers that envelope the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system), called the dura mater, the arachnoid mater, and the pia mater. The meninges’ fundamental capacity, nearby the cerebrospinal fluid is to secure the central nervous system (Hartman BJ, Kaplan SL et al 2004)

Causes of meningitis?

Meningitis is by and large initiated by tainting of infections, microscopic organisms, growths, parasites, and certain organic entities. Anatomical deformities or frail resistant systems may be interfaced to intermittent bacterial meningitis. In the greater part of cases the reason is an infection. In any case, some non-irresistible reason for meningitis additionally exists.

A study did via specialists at the University of Oxford and Imperial College London, England, indicated how microscopic organisms that cause bacterial meningitis copy human cells keeping in mind the end goal to sidestep the form’s inborn insusceptible system.

Viral meningitis

Viral meningitis is the most widely recognized yet infrequently a genuine tainting. It could be brought about by various diverse infections case in point mosquito-borne infections. There is no particular medicine for this kind of meningitis. In the dominant part of cases the ailment determines itself inside a week without any complexities.

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