Rise of Monotheism in the Eastern Mediterranean


Rise of Monotheism in the Eastern Mediterranean

Monotheism refers to the belief in the existence of one God. The first case in point of monotheism runs back to the epoch of Akhenaton of Egypt. This was during the 14th century BC. Monotheism is a feature of Islam, Judaism and Christianity. In this view, God is the creator of the universe. He has the role of interceding and managing human events. God is a holy being and the source of good. The Judaism feature of monotheism started in traditional Israel with the belief in Yahweh as the symbol of worship and denunciation of the gods. The Islamic character of monotheism confesses one unequalled God who is eternal. In addition, the Christian character of monotheism has the view that there is a single God with three reflections of persons. These three persons are the Holy Trinity. They are God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit (Saldana n.pag.).

Monotheism started with God’s test to Abraham. God wanted Abraham to give his son as a sacrifice. The Jews consider Abraham as their head. He is the one who made a covenant with God. Abraham accepted the commandment of God to reject tribal gods and worship the supreme God. This covenant brought people together, and the gospel of the belief in one God spread around communities in the Eastern Mediterranean (Wells n.pag.).

The three forms of monotheistic religions, Judaism, Islam and Christianity, trace their originality to Abraham. Similar to other forms of religion, the Eastern Mediterranean is the basis of Abrahamic faiths. The Judaism religion arose in the eastern Mediterranean in the second millennium B.C.E.

Similarly to other forms of religion, monotheism was a part of the culture of people around the Eastern Mediterranean. People had respect for religions that became their ways of life. The name of each religion translates as God (Wells n.pag.).

Monotheism was the major religion in the Eastern Mediterranean. The other forms of religion were mostly the worshipping of tribal gods and polytheism.

The difference between the various forms of monotheism is that Judaism started as a religion of the traditional Hebrew civilization. Christianity started as a thorough outgrowth of Judaism, and Islam started when Mohammed met followers in Mecca. The main book of Christians is the Bible; Islam refers to the Koran, and Judaism – to the Torah.

In contrast to monotheism that started from the covenant between Abraham and God, tribal gods originated from kings of tribes and religious leaders. In addition, God’s identity varies in each religion.

In contrast to monotheism, polytheism is the believing and worshipping of several gods. These gods vary in terms of functions. In addition, they have human features. The Egyptians and people around the Eastern Mediterranean established a belief system on several gods. These gods were the basis of their religion and culture. In addition, the other faiths do not acknowledge the existence of a supreme God in charge of humanity.

Since the rise of monotheism in the Eastern Mediterranean, societies have made a transition in beliefs to monotheism because of the growing rejection of tribal gods that faulted the existence of a supreme God. There has been an increasing denial of existence of other gods, which promotes the acceptance and rise of monotheism.

In conclusion, the Eastern Mediterranean is one of the sites of historical development of monotheism. Ancient Mediterranean religions include the areas of Hebrew Scriptures, Greco-Roman religions, rabbinic Judaism, Christianity, and archaeology. The rise of monotheism in the Eastern Mediterranean reveals a strong association with the test of Abraham’s faith and the covenant he made to worship the supreme God.

Works Cited

Saldana, S. “Temple Reveals the Secret of One God”. Daily Star. 5 March 2002. Web. 22 May 2013.

Wells, C. “How Did God Get Started?” Arion. (2013): n.pag. Web. 22 May 2013.



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