Copyright is often thought to be a much broader concept than it actually is. This is why it is so important to use good copyright lawyers whenever you have an issue in this area. Read on to find out more about the differences between copyright and patents.
In the UK, copyright is something that typically applies to a work that has been recorded or preserved in some manner. This could be, for example, a sound recording, a film or television recording, a written document, a musical score, a computer programme or an artistic work. Copyright protection doesn’t protect an idea or concept: if two people create a piece of work based on the same idea, it is not an infringement of copyright; it is only an infringement if one of them directly and deliberately copies content from the other. This area of law, however, is complex and if you have concerns about infringement, make sure that you consult a specialist copyright lawyer.
This type of intellectual property right protection tends not to relate to things such as names and titles. It can, however, apply to things such as logos. If you assert your right to copyright, it is an automatic international right with the relatively few exceptions. It protects you from things such as unauthorised performances, copying of your work, unauthorised lending, adapting or plagiarism. Copyright lawyers will be able to give you a full breakdown of what you are covered for, and you should always speak to a copyright lawyer should you have an issue or query in this area. Whilst on the subject, with regard to the protection of any intellectual property rights, make sure you get a specialist lawyer – most lawyers simply don’t deal with copyright or any other intellectual property right on a regular basis and the law in this area is particularly complex.
In contrast, a patent is different to copyright as it tends to refer more to inventions and other industrial processes; patent protection means that your inventions cannot be implemented by others unless you authorise them to do so, perhaps in the form of a licence. Also, whereas copyright is an automatic right, the process of patent protection can take up to 3 years – for a patent to be granted for an invention or process. This is why you are advised to get your patent application in as soon as you possibly can to avoid anyone else working on similar things to do it before you. Patents are granted by national governments and they typically apply to a national level, unlike copyrights which are in broad terms, international.
Engaging in a creative venture often brings up questions and uncertainties related to personal identity: Am I qualified? Do I have enough experience, strength, talent, skill? Will the work be good enough? Will I be good enough?
Creative expression is based on both our inner selves and our abilities, so maybe it is inevitable we question both our self concept and talents.
But our insecurities and doubts may not be just a matter of objective competence. For example, two actors noted for being able to create distinctive and powerful characters have made revealing comments about their own identities. The late Peter Sellers once said, “If you ask me to play myself, I will not know what to do. I do not know who or what I am.” And Jennifer Jason Leigh has claimed, “As a person, I don’t really register that much. Director Robert Altman says that as a person I disappear in a way.”
Feelings about identity can drive creative projects. Painter Laura Molina says on her website, “I feel the need to assert my identity in the most militant way possible… As an educated, native-born, English-speaking, fifth generation Mexican-American and a feminist, there is almost no reflection of me in the movies or television, which is almost as bad as being stereotyped.”
Stifling a need to create, on the other hand, can leave “a small hole in the fabric of our self-esteem” as Gloria Steinem puts it. Not creating can also be a path to depression, according to psychologist Eric Maisel among others.
Saying we “can’t” write, paint, perform on stage, develop a new medical test or create in some other way is in effect not giving ourselves “permission.”
The sense of inability may be based on some outside standard of what a “real” creative person is, or relates to being a “failure” at doing something creative. Getting beyond or “bypassing” intellectual restrictions on our creativity can be a matter of shifting one’s attitudes and unrealistic standards.
This idea of an outside authority for what we must be in order to create can be potently self-limiting. Almost any craft or artform has some collection of criteria for what makes it work, what makes it good. But creative people in any field often bend or even break those rules.
The common feeling of being a fraud, inadequate, an impostor, is something many of us have experienced to some degree in trying to realize our creative talents.
Director Jane Campion, esteemed for “The Piano” and other films, has admitted, “I never have had the confidence to approach filmmaking straight on. I just thought it was something done by geniuses, and I was very clear that I wasn’t one of those.”
It may be especially challenging for someone who has gained esteem, acknowledgment and identity in a field not considered “creative” when they want to pursue a more recognizably creative project.
But it isn’t just a matter of self-concept; there are social pressures that can make defining our identity difficult. Creativity coach Dave Storer, one of the contributors to the book “Inspiring Creativity” (edited by Rick Benzel), writes that “most people in our culture will not let you easily claim a creator’s identity. They will push against you and demand ‘proof’ of your creative talent.”
He counsels to keep working at your chosen project anyway, and over time you will become comfortable with your identity, because it “comes from the doing of it.”
Maybe our sense of identity is always fluid, and always unfinished. Many artists have commented that creating is not only a way to express their unique self to others, but is also a means to more fully understand and define who they are to themselves.
Obstetrics and Gynaecology requires a training programme that leads to various career paths. If you opt for this discipline, you get opportunities to develop your career, both in a surgical and medical way. Working in the area of women health serves for a rewarding and stimulating career. Doctors who take up this stream are key to ensuring safety during maternity stage and childbirth. Though, the services go beyond childbirth and emphasize upon improving women health at all life stages.
Role of the Specialist
A person pursuing this discipline is expected to be such a physician specialist who offers medical and surgical supervision to women and is an expert in pregnancy, childbirth as well as problems related to the reproductive system. It involves prenatal care, preventative care, family planning and detecting sexually transmitted diseases.
Opportunities for Them
Such people either serve as primary physicians or become consultants of other physicians. These doctors practice in private, work in clinics or hospitals and are offered teaching positions at a university hospital. They are also accommodated in preventive medicine and public health positions. They come with a broad range of knowledge and develop unique practices to provide quality healthcare to women.
For career growth, these aspirants go for various specialisations based on their choices. It includes adolescent gynaecology, cancer, behavioural problems, endocrinology, chronic medical conditions, health during pregnancy, infertility, operative gynaecology, prenatal care and childbirth, preventive health and issues related to the urinary tract associated to the urinary tract.
Before taking the plunge, this profession calls for proper education and training through attending a recognised medical school at the undergraduate level. In addition, prior experience in primary care is important for at least six months. The training comprises ambulatory care, diagnosis and treatment of breast related diseases and dysfunction of the lower urinary tract. The study also covers performing and interpreting the diagnostic transvaginal and pelvic ultrasound.
Be a Certified Doctor
With every year of training, the responsibility of patients keeps on increasing. Finally, they are awarded certifications but the student requires undergoing a recertification process after every ten years to renew the status of staying certified. The study has four standard subspecialties including gynaecologic oncology, maternal medicine, reproductive endocrinology and the problem of infertility as well as reconstructive pelvic surgery.
Specialisation for Ph.D. Students
This discipline covers a wider area of medicine and it is better to discuss with a person supervising your study if you are going to pursue a Ph. D. in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Every Ph.D. aspirant has the privilege of choosing his or her field of specialisation from a list that comprises foetal growth and development, genetics and genomics, gestational diabetes, maternal hepatitis, preeclampsia, prenatal diagnosis and screening. Furthermore, topics like endometriosis, endometrium and implantation, gynaecological cancer, urogynaecology and pelvic floor can also be taken up.