What is the Definition of Computer Software?

The term “software” is not a recently conceived of word. In his 1935   essay , ‘Computable Numbers with an Application to the Entscheidungs Problem,’ Alan Turing first proposed and provided the foundation for most modern software. In 1958, the first use of the term software was used by John W. Tukey in an article in American Mathematical Monthly.

Today, the the term ‘computer software’ means  written  programs, rules, or  codes , along with related documentation regarding the operation of a computer system that is stored in read/write memory. The “soft” part of software refers to the many products and technologies developed using different methods such as programming languages and scripting languages. The term ‘software’ is broader and can include different types of devices such as the operation systems of modern consumer devices such as automobiles, televisions, toasters, etc.

Computer software is the job descriptions of what a computer can perform. It cannot be physically touched. For instance, most computers come with software already installed. Software is also available on CD where the user inserts the disk into the hard drive and follows the installation instructions.  As well, downloadable software is available on internet sites such as Microsoft. Computer software is basically a series of instructions that tells a computer how to do a particular job. For example, Microsoft Word is an example of computer software. As well, web page technologies such as HTML, PHP, ASP.NET, and XML are examples of computer software. 

Computer software can be divided into two main categories: operating system software and application software.

Operating System (0/S): This system consists of the basic functions that computers perform. An example would be showing movement on a screen such as a mouse cursor was the user moves the mouse. Examples of operating systems include: windows vista, windows xp, Mac, Linux and Unix.

Application Software: These are applications that allow the computer to perform the job. Application software is used to accomplish precise tasks other than just running the computer system.  This can include voice, play or record music, view videos, play video games–etc. Other examples of application software include permitting access to the internet and printing documents. Application software is the software that indirectly interacts with the computer.

System Software is the software that can directly interact with computer hardware. Examples include motherboard, CPU, keyboard, Mouse, printer–etc. System software is responsible for controlling, integrating, and managing the individual hardware components of a computer system.

Computer software is composed of machine language which is essentially groups of binary code giving processor instructions that are specific to an individual processor. It is normally  written  in high-level programming languages and then interpreted into machine language code. Software can also be  written  in assembly language which is a mnemonic representation of a machine language using a natural language alphabet.

The term computer software evolved from computational theories and formulas from pioneers in mathematics. It is easy to see how quickly technology evolved to the amazing and complex computations we see today.

Building Your First Website? Then, Read This!

If you are starting to build your brand new website, there are a few things you may want to consider before creating your documents and even before you choose your hosting service.

The main thing you need to know is that not all hosting servers will enable you to display your pages; if these were built, let us say, with php programming. Furthermore, most applications that you could eventually benefit from are written using php, asp or cfm.

Why would you want to use any of these? I will mention a few options that will hopefully clear up the above question.

1- ) Once you become a successful webmaster or marketer and your site is attracting waves of visitors, you will need to find ways to automate many of the tasks that the operation of your site will require.

For instance: The first thing I can think of is a well automated mailing system. Obviously, if you have the free time and would not mind to be in front of the screen, waiting to see whether someone has written to you in order to reply quickly, then this may not apply to you.

However, if things go for you as smoothly as you wish, you may find that not even this option would be sufficient. Why? Well, an obvious situation would be the case where a customer is emailing you from a completely different time-zone country! For example: At the time of   writing  (from  UK ), you are (in the States) probably holding your bear and dreaming with the millions of dollars you may potentially make with your site. The same applies to many other countries all over the world.

Furthermore, if you are selling either physical or digital products from your site, the above case will definitely require you to implement an automatic mailing response. Remember, a potential customer will want the products immediately and at least a prompt confirmation

with relevant information regarding the shipping of the goods.

If you cannot offer this from you site, chances are your visitors would want to buy from another site with more comprehensive features.

2- ) Guest books, forums, rss feeds, shop-stores, administration scripts, live help scripts and many other useful (free) applications, that you could eventually take advantage of are usually written using any of the following programming languages:

PHP: It is a HTML-embedded web scripting language. This means PHP  code  can be inserted into the HTML of a web page. When a PHP page is accessed, the PHP code is read or parsed by the server the page resides on. The output from the PHP functions on the page is returned as HTML code, which can be read by the browser.

Because the PHP code is transformed into HTML before the page is loaded, users cannot view the PHP code on a page. PHP is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers.

ASP: Active Server Pages enables web pages to be dynamically created using HTML, scripts and reusable ActiveX server components. When a browser or a search engine spider requests an ASP page from a server, the server generates the web page with HTML code and gives it to the browser or spider.

ASP is a default scripting language written with VBScript, although you can use other scripting languages like JScript. ASP is developed by Microsoft and is used mostly on Windows servers.

CFM: Cold Fusion Mark-up Language is a scripting language like ASP. It is also a popular tool for building e-commerce sites. It may be used to interact with a database and to dynamically create HTML or XHTML pages on a server.

For instance: With Cold Fusion, a user could enter a postcode on a web page and the server would query a database for information on the nearest restaurants and present the results in HTML form. Files created with CFML will have the file extension .cfm or .cfc.

CFM files are standard Cold Fusion files, which may be plain files, included files, or custom tags. CFC files are Cold Fusion Components (reusable Cold Fusion objects).

Cold Fusion has strong Windows support. At the same time, it also supports non-Microsoft platforms like Linux, Solaris, and HP-UX and non-Microsoft databases like Oracle, DB2 and mySQL.

These three examples, are just a few of the many languages you could use choosing the appropriate hosting server. So, before you even rent your hosting space for your web pages, ensure to review your options in order to have a clearer idea of what you may eventually want to implement on your site.

Making Sure Your Body is Protected

Your health and well being is of vital importance. Indeed, you only have the one body and if it doesn’t function properly, this can have severe repercussions on the rest of your life. Not only can illness or injury affect your ability to earn money, but it can also impact on your family and friends. It pays, therefore, to ensure you take an intelligent approach to managing your health.

Exercise and a diet that’s wise are obviously key components in keeping yourself fit and healthy. However, according to the experts, it is a worrying reality that not enough adults in the UK are following a healthy lifestyle.

In fact, a recent study has revealed that although British adults think they understand the correlation between diet and fitness levels, there is a ‘clear gap’ in their knowledge. And, whilst 69 percent of respondents believe their living habits are healthy; when put to the test, the research has revealed this is not actually the case.

Consequently, it is important that people fully understand the benefits of living healthily, as well as speaking to experts about what they can do. Indeed, not doing so can result in a number of health-related illnesses that could have easily been prevented.

In addition to illness, injuries can also have a major impact on your overall health and well being. Although UK residents are entitled to receive healthcare under the NHS (National Health Service), there may be times when having to wait for months to see a specialist, for example, is just not feasible.

As a result, investing in a good health insurance plan can often be a wise move. Some may think it is a waste of time and money to do so, especially in light of the NHS. However, when you are insured there are a great number of advantages to be had, and there is also a range of cost-effective options to be found.

For instance, with health insurance, you can expect to significantly reduce the time you would normally have to wait to have your condition checked out and treated. Not only that, but if you are admitted into hospital for any reason, it is possible to receive a private treatment room, often with an en-suite, thus ensuring your stay is as comfortable as possible.

Another benefit which is often available is the ability to choose who treats you and which hospital or treatment centre your consultation takes place. However, the level of cover you receive will depend on the policy you opt for. Consequently, it is very important to fully research the marketplace.

When your health is on the line, it should be your most important consideration. It therefore makes sense to ask around and establish exactly what you would like your health insurance policy to cover you for. As there are a range of options available, as well as a number of different price plans it is usually possible to find a suitable policy to match your budget.

Search Engine Optimization Best Practice DO IT RIGHT!

Search engine optimization will help you turn your website into the most efficient business sales or marketing tool. To be able to take full advantage of what search engine optimization can bring your business website, you can teach yourself how to do it or you can seek the input of S E O professionals.

Search engine optimization by yourself

One option available to you is doing your own search engine optimization. Obviously, this course of action is highly desirable if you want to save money on professional costs. This course of action is also prescribed to somebody who wants to learn S E O.

If you want to do your own S E O, you will need to teach yourself the basics of S E O and its more advanced techniques. To do this, you can frequent and become a member of internet S E O sites and internet organizations. Through these free online resources, you will learn a lot about S E O, search engine submission, keyword optimization, page ranking, search engine results pages (S E R P) positions, etc. All you will ever need to know about S E O, it seems, is available in the internet, so you can apparently teach yourself how to do S E O.

If you think about it, though, knowing the concepts and knowing the theories will not be much help in the cutthroat field of the internet. First of all, you may not have the time to completely revamp your website and do your much-needed S E O. If you do have the time, however, you may not have sufficient skills for effective S E O.

Search engine optimization is a comprehensive and highly-coordinated task. Your main goal in S E O is to get your page ranking up in every major search engine in the internet. The internet resources you have been reading will tell you that to do this, you need to optimize your website content and codes for keywords. How do you know which keyword to target? Conceivably, you can learn about keyword from free resources like Google Ad Words keyword tool or Yahoo,s keyword select tool, but up to what extent can you expect these tools to be reliable?

Search engine optimization also requires more than keyword optimization. You also need to be able to build inbound links form other relevant and highly-positioned web pages to yours. This is very easy to do, in theory. In reality, though, you are likely going to be fighting for or paying through the nose for every quality back link you get.

S E O by yourself is theoretically easy but practically fraught with pitfalls for the S E O amateur. If you try doing your own search engine optimization, in the end, you may end up paying more money for pitiable results.

S E O by S E O Professionals

S E O professionals will know where to go for conclusive and accurate search engine information; they will have an extensive and comprehensive action plan for your website; and they promise results. Since this is their job, they have to be good at it or miss out on a lot of business opportunities. Therefore, they keep themselves up to date with S E O matters and continue to improve on their strategies.

Simply put, if you want professional results you need to let professionals do it. More than the theoretical search engine optimization knowledge which you can gain through extensive study, search engine optimization professionals have experience and practical knowledge, and this makes all the difference.