Writing some words on a piece of paper is one of the easiest things that anyone will ever do. However, arranging those words so that they are not only intelligible, but worth something to posterity is entirely different. You need to know how to write an essay and make it stand out because your instructor will read a bevy that don’t because they’re the usual fare. You can make yours special, and noticeable, by adding some memorable notes to the end of the essay. This is something that all writing instructors will tell you and it is imperative for concluding an essay writing assignment with a sense of completeness. The thesis is the central statement of your essay and the audience needs to be reminded of it, especially after reading a long paper, so they can see that you followed your original premise. Remember though, this should be a restatement. You should not copy the thesis that you wrote in the introduction. The conclusion should draw everything together.
Therefore, it may be necessary to make some general statements that will remind people of the main points and some of the main arguments for those points. The thesis restatement is one sentence and this summary should only be two or three sentences itself. Since most essays will only include about three supporting paragraphs. In most essays there will not be enough time to get to the all possible aspects of a topic. Therefore, you need to tie up any loose ends that may have been left in the topic. The best way to accomplish this is to introduce the question and then answer it or you can introduce topics for future research. However you do this, it makes people think about what you wrote and how they can continue researching this topic if they wish. The essay writing was not trivial so you should try and not trivialize it by giving the reader any apologies. The essay should stand on its own with clear research and measured opinions. The summary should be short. Not only should you not copy the thesis, you should also not copy the body of the essay. Keep the process simple so that the reader can get through it in a small amount of time, but get the full concept. Most instructors do not like you to write words like “In conclusion.” They know that the last few paragraphs are the conclusion, so no need to mention this.
The last view of the page was in 2015 and at the moment, you can still read the full article. This very long page covers “The Goldilocks Test” and “The Russian Doll Principle”. These are mentioned in “The Student’s Guide to Methodology” but I think the web site sets out the ideas more clearly. The ideas are very simple but vitally necessary. The Goldilocks test is whether your proposed subject is “just right”, neither too “hot” nor “too broad”, etc. The “Russian Doll Principle” digs down to find the underlying kernel in your proposed research. You will find this at section 2., over halfway down the page. Also at that point is a link to an excellent PowerPoint presentation which takes you step by step through having an idea to working out your research question. If you work through the PowerPoint presentation, using your own subject, it will help you find your research question, which will make reading and writing a lot easier.
Another useful item is a downloadable PDF from Dr Rowena Murray. Useful books for doing your Ph.D. Critical Reading and Writing for Postgraduates (SAGE Study Skills Series)This book really helped me understand how to use textbooks and how to pick out the essential information and be able to compare books and articles. Buy Now A Student′s Guide to MethodologyThis book has workshop ideas that helped me understand what I was looking for. The answers I wrote here were really useful when I was preparing a presentation on the work I had done to date – a lifesaver! Have you heard of the Golidlocks test and the Russian Dolls principle? I don’t know about either and I would LIKE TO KNOW MORE – write about it! Haven’t heard of them, not interested thanks. Help Me to WRITE! How to get yourself writing when you don’t know how. How to write a Thesis, by Rowena Murray.