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Collegial Theory

What are your viewpoints about the collegial organizational theory? How and why does it make sense to you? 
Use for reference:
 
Let’s start our discussion with the Collegial theory of organizations. This theory usually is relevant to a small group, organization, firm, or company. Imagine a mom-and-pop children’s bookstore, a small family restaurant, a small college, a small think tank, or a small formalized social group where everyone, including leaders and major stakeholders, have a common sense of purpose, talk with each other, and decide on what needs to be accomplished on a regular basis, often without any established rules and regulations.
Here are some characteristics of the Collegial Theory.

  • Basic Image: Small; warm and fuzzy; unitary. Organizational chart is flat (not Christmas-tree like) or perhaps non-existent. If one exists, it is often not followed. No need for a chain of command.
  • Basic Foundations: A sense of social and professional community; group conformity.
  • Process of Decision Making: shared, participatory decision making.
  • Concern for Change: Minor
  • Conflict Resolution:  Conflicts are considered abnormal and dealt with by a group decision.
  • Applicable Leadership/Managerial Theories: Theory Y, human relations leadership theories (like Maslow).
  • Sources of Power: Referent and expert.
  • Role of Leaders:  Leaders are considered first among equals and are expected to coordinate group activities to achieve commonly-agreed goals. Leaders often are subordinate to the group, establishing trust as an important conduit for carrying out group activities.
  • Role of Followers:  Subordinates, followers, or workers are expected to engage in shared governance and to address improvements or mistakes to the organization.
  • Advantages: The unitary image adds a sense of community, belonging, and mattering.
  • Disadvantages:  Conflicts are difficult to resolve (the only choice is individual departure); shared decision making is time consuming and may not always be necessary due to varying degrees of knowledge and experience among members of the organization).
 

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