Dissertation methodology though varies from subject to subject but still there are some underlying common points. In the coming sections we will try to figure out those common strategies in dissertation methodology to make a successful paper.
The three main pillars of methodology are the sampling technique, collection of data and their analysis to find out the conclusion. In the quantified research, the sampling technique is made maximum use of, and in no field of research can its importance and value belittled. In researches in the educational, economic, commercial and scientific domains, the sampling technique is used and considered most apt for research. Sampling technique also has very high value in day to day activity. In making our daily purchases of food stuff, vegetables, fruits etc, it is not considered necessary to examine each and every piece of the commodity; only a handful of goods are examined and the ideas about the whole is formed and this usually proves a justified procedure. In the words of Snedecor: “ A cart load of coal is accepted or rejected on the evidence gained from testing only few pounds. The physicians make inference about a patient’s blood through examination of a single drop. Samples are devices for learning about the large masses by observing a few individuals.” In education, sampling is a widely used technique. The census technique is rarely used, its most striking example being population count.
After doing the sampling it is important to make a plan for data collection. The data can be collected through various ways like questionnaire, sending mails, observation, interview methods etc.
After the above mentioned preparations are completed the proper process of analysis and interpretation of fact starts. Some of the steps are:
1) Measurement of facts: Measurement of facts means their verification. Before arriving at conclusions, the gathered data should be minutely examined as to see whether the given facts actually represent their classes or circumstances. Again, it should be found out whether sufficient objectivity is present in the collection and nature of gathered data. This is necessary since only objective data can be verified. General conclusions may be drawn from the gathered facts. Therefore, the facts should be adequate and sufficient.
2) Classification of facts: Fifty percent of the success of analysis depends upon suitable classification. After the facts are classified it is easy to compare them and understand their connections. This explains the difference between similar and dissimilar facts. Classification also makes it clear as to which fact is dependant upon or influenced by some other fact.
3) Formation of principles: Principles or rules are the brief and well defined conclusions achieved through analysis and interpretation. The formation of principles therefore, is the last and final step in the analysis and interpretation of facts. Each research leads to the formation of certain new principles, rules, laws or minimum some new findings. This is very important. It requires insight and ability.
The above mentioned facts are some of the main points of dissertation methodology.
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