Essay 4 Research Paper
Sample title page and formatting guidelines for an MLA-style paper:
Student’s first and last name–John Smith
Course title–English 103
Instructor last name–McAlister
Date of submission–1 October 2017
Center your essay title on the first page–
Social Media: Fostering Community or Cultivating Narcissism?
This is a sample of MLA (Modern Language Association) format. Present a header on the first page in the top left corner–including name, course title, instructor last name, and date of submission. Present page number in top right corner. Center the title of your essay on the first page following the header and preceding the first paragraph. Your title should clearly identify the issue you are exploring, and it should also reflect the argument/focus of your essay. Capitalize the first letter of significant title words. Do underline or place quotes around your title. Whenever you refer to titles of books or longer written works like Perspectives on Argument the title words should be italicized; titles of journals or periodicals should also be italicized, for example, The Journal of Environmental Studies. Titles of articles or shorter works should be placed inside quotation marks; for example, any of the articles in “The Reader” section of your textbook (pages 529-) should be placed inside quotation marks: “The Green Monster,” “The Changing Face of Immigration in America,” “The Moral Equivalent of War,” etc.
Indent at the beginning of each paragraph. Avoid using fancy fonts. Stick with Times New Roman–10-12 point. Double space throughout your essay. Do not include extra spaces or gaps between paragraphs in your essay. Format for one-inch margins on all sides–top, bottom, left, and right. Do not justify margins.
Notes on research and MLA documentation style:
· Please review the MLA Guide for a more detailed overview MLA (Modern Language Association) documentation style. For the exploratory paper (essay 2), position paper (essay 3) and final research paper (essay 4), outside criticism MUST be incorporated into the discussion, and your sources must be documented accurately–according to MLA guidelines. Your sources must be appropriate for the subject: essays or articles published in academic journals and written by scholars. Wikepedia is NOT an academic source. You should avoid using any source for which the author cannot be identified. If you cannot establish the credibility of an author for a source, then you should not cite that source.
· You may conduct your research at the Cypress College Library. A step-by-step guide to searching the Cypress College Library databases is available on our course site. A link to the library website is provided in the “External Links” area of the course site.
You can search for “books and media” and “articles” from the home page. Note that the EBSCOHost databases, “Academic Search Premier” and “Masterfile Premier” are general subject databases. Some of the materials you find in these databases will be appropriate, and some will not. If something is published in a peer-reviewed “Journal” or a “Study” associated with a University, then it is probably appropriate. Magazine and newspapers articles would NOT be appropriate for this assignment.
· If you find a book at a nearby university, you can request an “Interlibrary Loan,” and a Cypress College librarian will acquire the book for you.
Documenting sources in the body of your essay:
· Always use a signal phrase the first time you quote a source; include the author’s name, his/her credentials, and the title of the essay. Provide a page number reference for quotes AND paraphrases in your in-text citations. Below you will see a basic example of a quote and an in-text citation; the sample is taken from an essay in an anthology–a collection of essays in a book with an editor. The Reader portion of Perspectives on Argument is an example of an anthology.
· Sample quote with and attribution and an in-text citation: In his essay “Is Google Making Us Stupid,” noted author and culture critic, Nicholas Carr, presents research suggesting that the Internet has effectively re-wired the human brain, altering the way that we read and process information. The “style of reading” that is promoted by the Internet is superficial, and may “weaken” our capacity for “deep reading.” When we read information on the Net, “Our ability to interpret text, to make the rich mental connections that form when we read deeply and without distraction, remains largely disengaged” (468).
· In the example above, the title of the essay is provided in the signal phrase inside quotes “Is Google Making Us Stupid?”; if it were a book, the title would be italicized. The author’s name and credentials are also provided in the signal phrase: noted author and culture critic, Nicholas Carr. His quoted words are placed inside quotation marks: “Our ability to interpret text, to make the rich mental connections that form when we read deeply and without distraction, remains largely disengaged” (468). The in-text citation references the page number (436) for that quote. If this were an online source, the writer would provide a paragraph number, preceded by “par.” instead of a page number.
Instructions for the Works Cited page:
· At the end of your essay, on a separate “Works Cited” page, provide the complete bibliographic information for ALL sources cited in your essay.
· The words “Works Cited” should be centered at the top of the page.
· Entries for all research sources should follow in alphabetical order (not numbered) and using a reverse indent format.
· There are MLA Guides (both 7th and 8th edition) available on the course site; the guides provide format information and examples for a variety of different types of sources you may use in an academic essay. It is important to follow the guidelines carefully; if bibliographic information is missing from a works cited entry, that source is plagiarized. MLA recently updated their guidelines. You may use either the 7th or 8th edition of MLA, but be consistent. I have provided examples for both below. If you have any questions or concerns about formatting works cited entries, you may want to use the Noodlebib tool to create your list of works cited; the Noodlebib tool can be accessed on the Cypress College Library home page.
Here are the (7th edition) MLA-style formatting guidelines for an essay in an anthology:
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article Inside Quotes.” Title of Book
Article is Published in–Italicized. Editor(s) name(s). Place of Publication:
Publisher, Date. Pages on which article appears. Medium.
Here is a sample (MLA7) works cited entry for the source quoted above:
Carr, Nicholas. “Is Google Making Us Stupid.” Perspectives on Argument. Eds. Nancy
V. Wood and James S. Miller. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2015. 466-468. Print.
Here are the (8th edition) MLA-style formatting guidelines for an essay in an anthology:
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article Inside Quotes.” Title of Book
Article is Published in—Italicized, edited by editor(s) name(s), publisher,
year of publication, pages on which the article appears.
Here is a sample (MLA8) works cited entry for the source quoted above:
Carr, Nicholas. “Is Google Making Us Stupid.” Perspectives on Argument, edited by
Nancy V. Wood and James S. Miller, Pearson Education, 2015, pp. 466-468.
Modern Language Association Style Guides:
· In the research paper module, you will find Modern Language Association Style Guides which include examples for a variety of different types of sources—books, articles, films, wikis, web sources, etc. Recently MLA published updated guidelines for an 8th edition. Many of you may have MLA-style handbooks with the guidelines for the 7th edition. For this assignment, I have uploaded both guides, and I will accept essays that conform to either model.
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