THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA AFRICANA STUDIES
AFAS 160A1 – 103/203
Traditions and Societies of the World – The Africana Experience. Fall 2017 7W2 Online Class.
Essay #1. Critical Analysis. November 6th, 2017. Essay Requirements and Re-write opportunity for this essay:
As explained in the syllabus, this essay assignment is divided into three main parts:
(1) You will first write an essay (Original Essay) that is fully responding to the assignments in this essay file.
You must have fully responded to all the assignments given to qualify for the re-write opportunity. In other words, the rewrite opportunity is not for extending the due date by submitting an incomplete Original essay, but for you to improve your essay. The instructor reserves the right to deny a student the re-write opportunity based on this policy. If a student is denied the re-write opportunity, explanations will be given. You must also submit your initial file no later than the due date posted.
Please pay particular attention to these requirements because you can lose up to 25% of your semester grades if your initial essay does not fully respond to all assignments or is not submitted before the due date and time because you will not be allowed to participate in the re-write process described below – no exceptions.
(2) If you qualify, you will participate in evaluating another student’s essay (Essay Workshop). You will have one week to post a feedback to an assigned student’s Original Essay after it closes. Guidelines for how to evaluate the other student’s essay will post after the Original Essay closes. This evaluation process will be graded. During this Workshop process, you too therefore will receive comments from another student to help you improve your essay. The Workshop is part of the rewrite process. You must participate in this review workshop to qualify for the re-write opportunity – no exceptions.
(3) You will then re-write your essay.
Consider your re-write as a new essay that responds to all the assignments in the Original Essay. Consider your Peer-reviewed Essay to be an improvement of the original one as it incorporates the feedback given to you by your peer; what you learned from the other student’s essay; and your views. You will be given one week from the close of the Workshop to write your Final Peer-reviewed Essay.
The end of the civil war brought to the nation various efforts by individuals, organizations and the government to give the freed slaves opportunities to become productive members of the country. From the beginning of the Reconstruction well into the 20th century, the nation continued to address issues of slavery, freedom, the reconstruction and other new problems specific to African Americans. Most of these issues continue to plague African Americans today.·
One avenue that became necessary for the African American community to solve the problems of the 20th century was leadership by African Americans. In their own ways, these leaders wanted what was best for the nation at that time. One of those leaders was W.E.B. Du Bois.·
(1) Analyze the root causes of the problems and issues that faced African Americans from the beginning of the Reconstruction Period well into the 20th century and why leadership by African Americans became necessary. Specific examples and quotes, mostly and specifically from W.E.B. Du Bois’ The Souls of Black Folk (1903) and other resources used in this course, must be used in your analysis.
(2) Referring mostly and specifically to W.E.B. Du Bois’ The Souls of Black Folk (1903), first explain how Du Bois formulates the problems and issues African Americans faced at that time. Your essay should then analyze his proposed solutions in terms of completeness (analyze how complete his solutions were in terms of how the system of slavery had shaped both the races; the economic structure of the nation at that time; practicability; and the competing nature of his solutions to those proposed by other leaders at that time).
Your response to these assignments must demonstrate your knowledge of the problems and issues facing African American well into the 20th century. Specific examples and quotes especially from the resources used in this class must be used in your essay. Include page numbers in your citations – even for online resources.
Overall, your essay should reflect your understanding of the problems and issues concerning African Americans well into the 20th century as exposed to you in the resources used in this course. The title of your paper should reflect the topics in your essay and should be made clear in the introduction. Your introduction should provide a brief “significance” of the subjects in your essay and should also lead the reader to a clear understanding of what the essay is about and provide a plan of analysis. The body of your paper should respond to the assignments by clearly developing, defending and analyzing your arguments using facts found in the resources used in this class and your ideas. The concluding paragraph(s) should not mirror the introduction, but strengthen the body of your essay while pointing out possible problems with your analysis.
There will be no extension of these due dates to anyone.
Please understand the Late/Missed work Policy posted in the syllabus. Late essays will not be accepted and you will receive a grade of zero for this essay. Essays sent by E-mail will not be accepted – no exceptions.
Please submit either a “.doc” or “.docx” file. Other file formats (including “.pdf” files) will not be accepted – no exceptions.
Please keep in mind that if your Essay #1 Original Post is not accepted, you cannot participate in the Rewrite process – no exceptions.
(1) Essay #1 Original Post is due in D2L’s “Assignments: Essay #1 – Original Post” link no later than 11:59 pm Monday November 20th, 2017.
(2) Essay #1 Peer Review Workshop (Workshop for those who qualify): Details on how to conduct the workshop will be given on Tuesday November 21st, 2017. The Workshop starts on Tuesday Afternoon November 21st, 2017 and ends at 11:59 pm Monday November 27th, 2017.
(3) Essay #1 – Peer Reviewed Rewrite (for those who qualify) is due in D2L’s “Assignments: Essay #1 – Peer Reviewed Rewrite” link no later than 11:59 pm Monday December 4th, 2017.
Typed and double-spaced with a one-inch left margin.·
Use black ink and (around) size 12 of popular fonts.·
Type the course/section, title of your essay, and your name on the top center of the first page. A·
cover sheet is not required.
Page numbers should be on the bottom of the pages.·
Although the use of the Modern Language Association (MLA) guidelines in citing your work is·
preferred, any popular methods will be accepted (be consistent).
The length of your essay is not as important as your essay fully responding to and analyzing the·
assignments. In other words, there are no page or word-count limits for this essay. Only as a guide, your essay should be around 8 pages long.
According to the syllabus,
Essay #1 – Original Post worth 10% of your final grade.
Essay #1 – Workshop worth 15% of your final grade. You must qualify to participate.
Essay #1 – Peer Reviewed Rewrite worth 10% of your final grade. You must qualify to participate.
Please understand the requirements for the three parts of this essay as explained in the syllabus. These requirements will be enforced – no exceptions
This essay will be graded, in part, based on the content and context of your responses to the assignments. Your grade in the paper will also be based on your integration of the material in the text books and other resources used in this course; your opinions and on your writing skills. The breakdown of the points in the essay assignments (out of 100%) is:
The title and writing skills: 5% each;
The introduction and conclusion: 10% each;
The body of your essay is to integrate the two sections in the assignments – (1) and (2) – into a continuous essay:
Part (1) of the assignments 25%
Part (2) of the assignments 45%
As explained in the syllabus; there is no make-up for any missed assignment. Please understand the re- write opportunity given in the syllabus for this essay.
Statement on Plagiarism: Using someone else’s ideas or phrases and representing those ideas or phrases as your own, either on purpose or through carelessness, is a serious offense known as plagiarism. You may not realize it, but certain practices lead others to conclude that someone else’s work is your own. “Ideas or phrases” include written or spoken material. They also include statistics, lab results, art work, etc. “Someone else” can mean a professional source, such as a published writer or critic in a book, magazine, encyclopedia, or journal; an electronic resource such as material you find on the internet. Proper use of footnotes and citations in your work will greatly reduce chances of plagiarism. Here are some of the practices to avoid:
1. Using someone’s exact words and not putting quotation marks around them, which means the reader has no way of understanding that this is not the work of the author.
2. Using someone’s work and not referencing the source.
3. Close paraphrasing (same order of sentences, same order of paragraphs, same order of sections), with merely a word substituted here and there. This indicates that the work is really still someone else’s. The intellectual work of re-thinking the meaning wasn’t done. This is true even if the source is given.
4. Cutting and Pasting: Using parts of several people’s work, which some think is original. Please note that the sum of sentences from other authors does not make the combination original.
5. Submitting an item of academic work that has previously been submitted or simultaneously submitted without fair citation of the original work or authorization by the faculty member supervising the work.
If you have any doubt, please check with the instructor. Also, please refer to the University of Arizona’s code of academic integrity for procedures concerning misconducts – such as plagiarism – since these misconducts will not be tolerated in this course.
Helpful Information and Hints.
1. The “Essay Highlights” are not assignments! These guide you on what the essay is about. Understanding this part will help you in the assignments.
2. Please respond to the assignments. For example, if the assignment is to analyze, please do not just “report”. A summary of what you read is not an analysis. Your essay should not ignore relevant literature; however, you can challenge the resources used in this course. Please notice the weights given to each question in the assignments. Spend more time on the questions carring more weight.
3. The Modern Language Association (MLA) <http://www.mla.org> publishes handbooks for writers of research papers for style and documentation of papers. The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ has excellent resources on academic writing and citations practices for both MLA and APA styles.
4. The main purpose of these essays is for you to express how you understand the material being presented to you in this course. If you have questions or you have an outline of your essay, you are welcome to contact your instructor for a discussion. Limit your E-mail questions to an anticipated reply of no more than very few sentences. Outline-discussions can’t be conducted via E-mail. The instructor can’t read the essay you intend to submit during these consultations.
5. Please do not “gamble” with the 11:59 pm submission time given on the due date! Late work will not be accepted – no exceptions.
(iv) There will be one Individual Essay. This will be based, for the most part, on Du Bois’ The Souls of Black Folk and will cover segments of the course schedule. Emphasis will be on critical thinking and analysis.
You will be given two weeks from the assigned date to write an essay – Original Essay – that fully responds to all assignments. Your Original Essay will then be “peer reviewed” by another student. You will also participate in reviewing another student’s essay and provide feedback to that student. Your feedback must be given to the other student within a week after the Original Essay posting closes. You must participate in the scheduled Essay Workshop to qualify for the re-write opportunity. You will then write a complete “Peer-reviewed Essay” that incorporates the feedback given, what you learned from the other students’ essays and your views and analysis. You will be given one week from the end of the Essay Workshop to write the “Peer-reviewed Essay”. More guidelines and policies will be posted in the Essay file.