Learning Outcomes:
This assignment addresses the following course learning outcomes:
1.1. Identify differences and similarities between English and Arabic/other languages sound system. (Q1,2&3)
2.1. Compare and contrast between English and Arabic/other language systems. (Q3)
2.2. Analyze translation related problems. (Q4)
3.1. Complete assigned tasks within set deadlines individually and within groups and with limited supervision.
Answer the following questions:
Question 1 (2.5 Ms)
Choose the correct answer:
1. Contrastive analysis is the systematic study of a pair of ________ with a view to identifying their structural differences and similarities.
a. semantics b. languagesc. linguisticsd. aristotle

2. The difficulty in mastering certain structures in a _____________depends on the difference between the learners’ mother language and the language they are trying to learn.

a. German language b. Second languagec. Multilingualismd. French language

3. The contrastive analysis course introduces techniques of comparing the…….
a. sound system only
b. grammatical structures only
c. lexicon and cohesive devices of different languages.
d. all of the above

4. CA takes place ………….. the learning process.
a. afterb. beforec. at the same timed. none of the above

5. EA takes place …………….the learning process
a. afterb. beforec. at the same timed. none of the above

Question 2 (1.5 Ms)
Match each of the following terms with its correct definition:
Error analysis – Phonetics – Contrastive linguistics – Grammar
1. ………………………: is the systematic comparison of two or more languages, with the aim of describing their similarities and differences.” (Johansson, 2000)
2. ……………………….: identifies errors in FL students’ linguistic output and aims at providing explanation for their occurrence.
3. ………………………………..: studies the human speech sounds in natural languages.

Question 3 (4 Ms)
Label each of the following sounds according to its occurrence in either your mother tongue or the English language then give ONLY TWO examples per each sound both in your mother tongue and in English
a. /r/ b. / Ɵ / c. / ð / d. /p/e. /b/ f. /v/ g. /t/ h. / /ʧ/

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Question 4 (2 Ms)
How do native Spanish speakers pronounce the following words? Justify your answer.
1. hat heart hut
2. good food hurt
3. pot port
4. fit feet
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2

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