Case Study Analysis and Care Plan Creation

Click here to download and analyze the case study for this week. Create a holistic care plan for disease prevention, health promotion, and acute care of the patient in the clinical case. Your care plan should be based on current evidence and nursing standards of care.

Visit the online library and research for current scholarly evidence (no older than 5 years) to support your nursing actions. In addition, consider visiting government sites such as the CDC, WHO, AHRQ, Healthy People 2020. Provide a detailed scientific rationale justifying the inclusion of this evidence in your plan.

Next determine the ICD-9 classification (diagnoses). The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) is the official system used in the United States to classify and assign codes to health conditions and related information.
•Search term page to identify the codes applicable to the care plan. https://www.cms.gov/medicare-coverage-database/staticpages/icd-9-code-lookup.aspx
•This link will lead to an excel version of the latest codes: https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/ICD9ProviderDiagnosticCodes/codes.html

Click here to download the care plan template to help you design a holistic patient care plan. The care plan example provided here is meant only as a frame of reference for you to build your care plan. You are expected to develop a comprehensive care plan based on your assessment, diagnosis, and advanced nursing interventions. Reflect on what you have learned about care plans through independent research and peer discussions, and incorporate the knowledge that you have gained into your patient’s care plan.

Format

Your care plan should be formatted as a Microsoft Word document. Follow APA style. Your paper should be 2 to 4 pages double-spaced and in 12pt font.

Name your document: SU_NSG6001_W1A3_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.

Submit your document to the W1 Assignment 3 Dropbox by Saturday, September 19, 2015.

Grading Criteria
Maximum Points

Care plan demonstrated involvement of the client in the process of recognition, planning, and resolution of the problem.
15

Care plan included effective nursing interventions that are customized for the client and appropriate to the goal.
15

Care plan included diagnostic work-up, medications, conservative measures, and follow-up plan.
15

Care plan provided rationale for choosing a particular treatment modality.
15

Care plan demonstrated logical diagnosis that was substantiated with relevant evidence.
10

Care plan focused on patient education and maintained a fine balance between major and minor health issues of the patient.
10

Care plan included nursing interventions that are specific, appropriate, and free of essential omissions.
10

Used APA standards consistently and accurately.
10

Total
100

*******Week 1: Cardiology Clinical Case

HPI

A 52-year-old Irish American male is discharged from the hospital. He was hospitalized for four days after a stent placement, following admission from the emergency room with angina symptoms. This patient presented to the emergency room with four hours of crushing chest pain. He was short of breath with exertion and diaphoretic. The patient thought he was having a heart attack and was afraid to come to the hospital. The symptoms lasted for four days before the patient sought help. The patient had been suffering from similar symptoms for the past six months but thought that he just out of shape. It was worse upon admission to the hospital. Prior to this,
the symptoms disappeared with rest.

His symptoms were relieved in the emergency department with medication and he was transferred to the cardiac floor for catheterization.

The patient’s symptoms were highly debilitating upon his admission to the emergency department.

Prior to his admission to the hospital for this event, the patient was not very active because of his angina symptoms. The pain that he had was substernal and crushing and radiated to his neck and jaw. His symptoms resolve with rest only. He has not sought any therapeutic maneuvers.

He is currently asymptomatic and is here for a follow-up visit from his hospitalization to discuss his risk factors. The patient is still concerned that he may have other episodes of angina, even after the stent placement.

PMH
The patient has not sought care for his problems in the past. He had been treated for hypertension and high cholesterol in the past but stopped medication on his own. Besides that, he has had no other significant illnesses.

He was hospitalized for a cholecysectomy ten years ago.

This patient had a baseline EKG at his doctor’s office when he was first prescribed his blood pressure medication. Otherwise he’s had no other investigations for heart disease besides his cholesterol levels checks.

Results of Laboratory Investigations Following Hospitalization

Total cholesterol – 210

LDL- 200

HDL- 25

Triglycerides – 250

Fasting blood sugar – 140

HgbA1c – 7.5

CXR – hyperinflation of the lungs – no infiltrate

EKG – no change from baseline.

Risk Factors:

• High blood pressure

• Hypercholesterolemia

• Type 2 diabetes

• Android obesity

• Cigarette smoker

• Positive family history

Past surgical history of Cholecysectomy, almost 10 years age without any complications.

ROS

Review of systems is otherwise negative

DISCHARGE MEDICATIONS

Tenormin XL 50 mg QD Lipitor 10 mg QD Glucophage – 500mg BID Baby ASA QD
Patient is now compliant with the prescribed regimen, but wasn’t in the past. The medicines were prescribed by the physician who discharged him from the coronary care unit.

ALLERGIES/REACTIONS

Patient has no known drug allergies

SOCIAL HISTORY

The patient is a high school graduate and a licensed carpenter and is anxious to get back to work because of finances. His income is around $50,000.00 per year. His wife is currently disabled
with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes. The patient has disrupted self-efficacy because he is not sure whether he can care for his wife, who needs his help, now that he is sick. They live paycheck to paycheck and cannot afford a vacation. They have three grown-up children who have left home and do not live in the area. The patient has lived in the same city all his life. He does not participate in sports or any other physical activity. The streets of his neighborhood are not safe for exercising; the crime rate is high. There is little community socialization and most people are at
the poverty level.

He is the sole bread winner in the family. His stress level is very high because of the impending bills that he needs to pay while he is not able to work. He believes that a man should be able to care for his family and be strong enough not to suffer from any illnesses himself.

The patient and his wife live in a one-bedroom apartment in an inner city, quite isolated from their community. They do not have any relatives living in the area nor do they socialize with neighbors. He has little emotional or social support. He is stressed most of the time and is now suffering from depressive symptoms such as sleeping excessively and over eating.

This patient has health insurance through the union to which he belongs, but it does not offer complete coverage of all his prescription medications. Though he goes to a clinic that is associated with the hospital, he does not always see the same primary care provider. HABITS
• Diet Habits

The patient usually eats one large meal a day after work. He skips breakfast most of the times and eats fast food for lunch. He eats few fruits and vegetables; mostly pasta and meat at home.

He feels that he got all the exercise he needed when he was a young man, and the exercise he gets as a carpenter now is sufficient to keep him healthy.

Smoking: He smokes 1 pack per day from the past 30 years

Alcohol: Does not drink

Substance Use: Denies street drug use

• WORK HABITS

He’s always been a carpenter; has no hobbies and reads at home.

• FAMILY HISTORY

He has two older brothers who are being treated for high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. Both brothers were diagnosed with these disorders in their early forties.

Both parents are deceased; father from heart disease, and mother from breast cancer.

PHYSICAL EXAMINTAION

Vital Signs: BP: 160/92 left are sitting; P:60 ; R: 16; T: 98; Wt: 220#; Ht:– 70” HEENT: WNL
Lymph Nodes: None

Lungs: Decreased breath sounds throughout, no adventitious sounds

Heart: RRR without murmur

Carotids: Right bruit

Abdomen: Android obesity, WC = 44 inches

Rectum: Not examined

Genital/Pelvic: NA

Extremities, Including Pulses:

Decreased pedal pulses BL with lower leg edema from ankle to mid calf. Neurologic: Not examined