Contemporary Employment Issues

Order Description

Answer the following Questions. EACH answer should be about 750 words.
EACH answer should have 8-10 References.

Q1. Analyse some of the major changes that have occurred in the Australian Labour Market over the last 20 years.

Q2. Outline the main features of Precarious Employment. How widespread is Precarious Employment in Australia?

Q3. Outline the main strategies for reversing the decline of union membership in Australia and evaluate their effectiveness.

Q4. Discuss how the change from the standard employment relationship in Australia has affected the work & family balance.

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Gough, R, (2013) ‘The Australian employment model in an international context, Chapter 2 in Australian Workplace Relations / edited by Julian Teicher, Peter Holland and Richard Gough,

Bosch, G. and Wagner, A. (2005) ‘Why do countries have such different service-sector employment rates? in G Bosch and A. Lehndorff (eds) Working in the Service Sector: A tale from Different Worlds, Routledge, Milton Park.

Esping-Andersen, G.(2009) Families and the Revolution in Women’s Roles, Chapter 1 in The Incomplete Revolution: Adapting to Women’s New Roles, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Esping-Andersen, G. (1999) ‘Comparative Welfare Regimes Re-examined’ in Social Foundations of Post Industrial Economies, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Pontusson, J. (2005) ‘Welfare states, redistribution, and economic growth’, Chapter 7 in Inequality and Prosperity: Social Europe Vs Liberal America, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Bosch, G. and Lehndorff (2005) Introduction: Service Economies-High Road or Low Road? In in G Bosch and A. Lehndorff (eds) Working in the Service Sector: A tale from Different Worlds, Routledge, Milton Park.

Bosch, G. (2004) ‘Towards a new standard employment relationship in Western Europe’, in British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 42, No. 4.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘Introduction’, Chapter 1 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.

Callus, R., and Lansbury, R. (2002) (eds.) Working Futures: The Changing Nature of Work and Employment Relations in Australia, The Federation Press, Sydney, Chapters 2, 4 & 10.

Teicher, J. and Bryan, R. (2013)‘Globalization, economic policy and the labor market’ / Chapter 1 in Australian Workplace Relations edited by Julian

Teicher, Peter Holland and Richard Gough, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘Where have we come from: Harvester Man and TINA’, Chapter 2 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.

ACIRRT (1999) Australia at Work: Just Managing?, Prentice-Hall, Sydney, Chs. 2, 3 & 6.

Callus, R., and Lansbury, R. (2002) (eds.) Working Futures: The Changing Nature of Work and Employment Relations in Australia, The Federation Press, Sydney, Chapter 9.

Abhayaratna, J. and Lattimore, J. (2006) Workforce participation Rates: How does Austtralia Compare? Productivity Commission Working paper, Canberra.

Kalleberg, A.L. (2001) ‘Organizing Flexibility: The Flexible Firm in a New Century’ in British Journal of Industrial Relations, 39 (4): 479-504.

Felstead, A., and Jewson, N. (1999) (eds.) Global Trends in Flexible Labour, Macmillan Business, Chapter 6.

Capelli. P. (1999) The New Deal at Work, Harvard Business School Press, Mass., Ch. 3.

Skinner, J. (2002) ‘The Unintended Consequences of Doing the Right Thing: Why Some Workers Are Working Harder’ in Labour & Industry 12 (3): 27-42.

Campbell, I. (2002) ‘Extended Working Hours in Australia’ in Labour & Industry 13 (1): 91-110.
ACTU (2012) Lives on Hold: Unlocking the Potential of Australia’s Workforce, ACTU, Melbourne.

Weil, D. (2014) ‘Vignettes from the Modern Workplace’ Introduction and ‘The Fissured Workplace and Its Consequences’ , Chapter 1 in The Fissured Workplace: Why Work Has Become So Bad for Many and What can be Done about It, Harvard University Press,
Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Bosch, G. (2006) ‘Working Time and the Standard Employment Relationship’, Chapter 2 in Boulin, J-Y., Lallement, M., Messenger, J. and Michon, F. Decent Working Time, New Trends, New Issues, ILO, Geneva.

Campbell, I. and Tham, J-C (2013) ‘An historical perspective on precarious work’paper given at the 27th AIRAANZ Conference Perth 2013.

Burgess, J. Campbell, I. and May, R. (2008) ‘Pathways from Casual Employment to Economic Security: The Australian Experience’ Social Indicators Research 2008 88 161-178.

Wanrooy, B., Wright, S., Buchanan, J., Baldwin, S. and Wilson, S. (2009) ‘Forms of Employment: Trajectories and Persistence’ Chapter 4 in Australia at Work: In a Changing World, accessible from www.australiaatwork.org.au

Campbell, I., Whitehouse, G. and Baxter, J. (2009) ‘Australia: Casual Employment, Part-time Employment and the Resilience of the Male Breadwinner Model’, in L. Vosko, M. MacDonald & I. Campbell (Eds.), Gender and the Contours of Precarious Employment. London:Routledge.

Vosko, L., Macdonald, M. and Campbell, I. (2009) ‘Introduction: Gender and the Concept of Precarious Employment’, Chapter One in L. Vosko, M. MacDonald & I. Campbell (Eds.), Gender and the Contours of Precarious Employment. London:Routledge.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘Where are the Jobs Now?’, Chapter 5 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘What is Non Standard Work?’, Chapter 6 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.
Campbell, I (2004) ‘Casual Work and Casualisation: How Does Australia Compare?’ Labour and Industry, Vol. 15, No 2.

May, R., Campbell, I. and Burgess, J. (2005) ‘The rise and rise of casual work in : Who benefits, who loses?’, paper for June 20 seminar, Sydney University Centre for Applied Social Research RMIT University.

Campbell, I. and Brosnan, P. (2005) ‘Relative Advantages: Casual Employment and Casualisation in Australia and New Zealand’, paper for a workshop on Globalisation and Labour Relations in Australia and New Zealand: A Reassessment, Sydney, February.

Pocock, B., Buchanan, J. and Campbell, I. (2004) ‘Meeting the Challenge of Casual Work in Australia: Evidence, Past Treatment and Future Policy’, Australian Bulletin of Labour, Vol. 30, No.1.

Pocock, B., Prosser, R. and Bridge, K. (2005) ‘The Return of ‘Labour as a Commodity’? the Experience of Casual Work in Australia’, 19th AIRANZ Conference, Sydney.

Watson, I. (2005) ‘Contented Workforces in Inferior Jobs? Re-assessing Casual Employment in Australia, Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 47, No. 4.

Wooden, M. and Warren, D. (2004) Non Standard Employment and Job Satisfaction: Evidence from the HILDA Survey, Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 46, No. 3.

Campbell, I. (2000) ‘The Spreading Net: Age and Gender in the Process of Casualisation in Australia’, in Journal of Australian Political Economy, 45: 68-99.

Lewchuk, W., de Wolf, A., King, A. and Polanyi, M. (2003) ‘From Job Strain to Employment Strain: Health Effects of Precarious Employment’, Just labour, Vol. 3, Fall, pp23-35.

Weller, S., Cussens, J. and Webber, (1999) Casual Employment and Employer Strategy, in Labour and Industry, Vol.10, No 1, August.

Burgess, J. and Campbell, I. (1998) ‘The Nature and Dimensions of Precarious Employment in Australia’ in Labour & Industry (8) 3: 5-22.

Murtough, G. and Waite, M. (2000) The Growth of Non-Traditional Employment: Are Jobs Becoming More Precarious?, Productivity Commission Staff Research Paper, AusInfo, Canberra.

Louie, A, Ostry, A, Quinlan, M., Keegan, T., Shoveller, J. and LaMontagne, A. (2006) ‘Empirical Study of Employment Arrangements and Precariousness in Australia’, Industrial Relations/Relations Industrielle, Vol, 61, No. 3, pp489-468.

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (2000) Flexibility and Working Conditions: A Qualitative and Comparative Study in Seven EU Member States, European Foundation, Dublin (available from their website: www. Eurofound.ie).

Callus, R., and Lansbury, R. (2002) (eds.) Working Futures: The Changing Nature of Work and Employment Relations in Australia, The Federation Press, Sydney, Chapter 7.

Feldman, D.C., Doerpinghaus, H.I. and Turnley, W.H. (1994) ‘Managing Temporary Workers: A Permanent HRM Challenge’, in Organizational Dynamics, 23: 49-63.

Aronsson, G., (1999) ‘Contingent workers and health and safety’, Work, Employment and Society, 13 (3): 439-459.

Ferber, M., and Waldfogel, J., (1998) ‘The long-term consequences of non-traditional employment’ in Monthly Labor Review, 121 (5) 3-12.

Kochan, T.A., Smith, M., Wells, J., and Rebitzer, J., (1994) ‘Human resource strategies and contingent workers: The case of safety and health in the petrochemical industry’ Human Resource Management, 33 (1): 55-77.

Krausz, M. (2000) ‘Effects of short- and long-term preferences for temporary work upon psychological outcomes’ in International Journal of Manpower, 21 (8): 635-647.

Longnecker, B., and Stephenson, J., (1997) ‘HR’s Role in Outsourcing’ in Journal of Business Strategy, Vol.18, No.4 p.53.

Gonos, G. (1997) ‘The Contest over “Employer” Status in the Postwar United States: The Case of Temporary Help Firms” in Law and Society Review, 31 (1): 81-110.

Silverstein, E., and Goselin, P., (1996) ‘Intentionally Impermanent Employment and the Paradox of Productivity’ Stetson Law Review, XXVI (1) 1-52.

Australian Bulletin of Labour (2001) Special Issue on Casual Employment in Australia, 27 (2).

Connell, J., and Burgess, J. (2002) ‘In Search of Flexibility: Implications for Temporary Workers and HR’ in Department of Management (eds.) Reflections and New Directions, Proceedings of the 2003 AIRAANZ Conference, Monash University, Melbourne.

Osterman, P. and Shulman, B. (2011) ‘Do You Get What You Deserve: The Role of Education and Skill’, Chapter 3 in Good Jobs America, Making Work Better for Everyone.
Russell Sage Foundation, New York

Baldry, C., Bain, P. and Taylor, P. (2007) ‘Into the New Century: The Changing Terrain for Work and Employment’ Chapter 2 in The Meaning of Work in the New Economy, Palgrave MacMillan, New York.

Fleming, P., Harley, B. And Sewell, G. (2004) A Little Knowledge is a Dangerous Thing: Getting Beneath the Surface of the Growth of ‘Knowledge Work in Australia, in Work Employment and Society, Volume 18 (4), pp.725-747.

Doogan, K. (2009) ‘Long Term Employment and the New Economy’,
Ch 7 in New Capitalism? The Transformation of Work, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Dawson, M. Book Review: Kevin Doogan, New Capitalism? The Transformation of Work,: European Journal of Social Theory 2010 13: 290

Warhurst, C. And Thompson, P.(2006) Mapping Knowledge in Work: Proxies or Practices?
in Work Employment and Society, Volume 20 (4), pp. 787-800.

Lindley, R (2002) ‘European Employment Debate in a New Context’, in The New Knowledge Economy in Europe, Edward Elgar, Northampton, pp 95-145.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2002) Measuring a Knowledge Based Economy and Society: An Australian Framework, Cat. No. 1375.0, ABS, Canberra.

Munro, D., (2000) ‘The Knowledge Economy’ in Journal of Australian Political Economy, 45: 5-17.

Osterman, P. (1999) Securing Prosperity. The American Labor Market: How It Has Changed and What to Do about It, Princeton University Press, New Jersey, Chapter 4.

Callus, R., and Lansbury, R. (2002) (eds.) Working Futures: The Changing Nature of Work and Employment Relations in Australia, The Federation Press, Sydney, Chapter 8.

Gallie, D., White, M., Cheng, Y., and Tomlinson, M. (1998) Restructuring the Employment Relationship, Oxford University Press, Oxford, Chapters 2 & 3.

Borland, J., Gregory, B., Sheehan, P. (2001) Work Rich, Work Poor: Inequality and Economic Change in Australia, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, Chapters 10 & 11.

Hall, R., Buchanan, J., Bretherton, T., van Barneveld, K., and Pickersgill, R. (2000) Making the Grade? Globalisation and the training market in Australia, Australian National Training Authority, with the National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (available from the NCVER website: www.ncver.edu.au)

Capelli, P. et al (1997) Change at Work: How American industry & workers are coping with corporate restructuring and what workers must do to take charge of their own careers, Oxford University Press, New York, Chapters 4 & 5.

Progressive Policy Institute (2002) Building Skills for the New Economy: Policy Report, April, www.ppionline.org

Underhill, E. and Rimmer, M. (2012) ‘Rethinking Employer Responsibilities for temporary Agency Workers’, International Labour Organization, Geneva.

Underhill, E. (2011) How Precarious Employment Affects Health and Safety at Work: The Case of Temporary Agency Workers, Relations Industrielles, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 397-421.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘What is Non Standard Work?’, Chapter 6 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.

Reilly, P., and Tamkin, P. (1996) Outsourcing: a Flexible Option for the Future? Institute of Employment Studies, Brighton.

Leplagne, P., Glover, M. and Fry, T. (2005) The Growth of Labour Hire Employment in Australia, Productivity Commission Staff Working Paper, Melbourne.

Purcell, K., and Purcell, J. (1998) ‘In-sourcing, Outsourcing, and the Growth of Contingent Labour as Evidence of Flexible Employment Strategies’ in European Journal of Organizational Psychology, 7 (1): 39-59.

Burgess, J. and Connell, J. (2006) ‘The Influence of Precarious Employment on Career Development: The Current Situation in Australia’, in Education and Training, Vo. 48, No. 3, pp 493-507.

Benson, J. (1998) ‘Dual Commitment: Contract Workers in Australian Manufacturing Enterprises’ in Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 355-375.

Collins, H. (1990) ‘Independent Contractors and the Challenge of Vertical Disintegration to Employment Protection Laws’ in Oxford Journal Of Legal Studies 10 (3): p.353-380.

Hall, Richard (2000) ‘Outsourcing, Contracting-out and Labour Hire: Implications for Human Resource Development in Australian Organisations’ in Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources 38 (2): 23-41.

Henderson, M.J. (1997) ‘Ethical Outsourcing in UK financial services: Employee Rights’ in Business Ethics: A European Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 110-125.

Young, S., and Macneill, J. (2000) ‘When Performance Fails to Meet Expectations: Manager’s Objectives for Outsourcing’ in Economic and Labour Relations Review, 11 (1): 136-168.

Kessler, I., Coyle-Shapiro, J,. and Purcell, J. (1999) ‘Outsourcing and the employee perspective’. Human Resource Management Journal, 9 (2): 5-19.

Baugher, J.E., and Roberts, J.T. (1999) ‘Perceptions and Worry about Hazards at Work: Unions, Contract Maintenance, and Job Control in the U.S. Petrochemical Industry’ Industrial Relations, 38 (4): 522-541.

Quiggin, J. (2002) ‘Contracting Out: Promise and Performance’ in Economic and Labour Relations Review, 13 (1): 88-104.

Green, F. (2006) ‘Workers’ Risk’, Chapter 7 in Demanding Work: The Paradox of Job Quality in the Affluent Economy, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Wanrooy, B., Wright, S., Buchanan, J., Baldwin, S. and Wilson, S. (2009) ‘Working Life in the Downturn: Insecurity at Work’, Chapter 2 in Australia at Work: In a Changing World, accessible from www.australiaatwork.org.au

Borland, J ‘Perceptions of job inequality in Australia”’ Melbourne Institute Working Paper No. 16/02, Melbourne University, Melbourne.

De Ruyter, A. and Burgess, J. (2000) ‘Job Security in Australia: Broadening the Analysis’, Australian Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 35, No. 3.

ACIRRT (1999) Australia at Work: Just Managing?, Prentice-Hall, Sydney, Chapters 6.

Heery, E., and Salmon, J. (2000) (eds.) The Insecure Workforce, Routledge, London, Chapters 1, 4 & 7.

Osterman, P. (1999) Securing Prosperity. The American Labor Market: How It Has Changed and What to Do about It, Princeton University Press, New Jersey, Chapter 6.

Borland, J., Gregory, B., Sheehan, P. (2001) Work Rich, Work Poor: Inequality and Economic Change in Australia, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, Chapter 8.

Sverke, M., and Hellgren. J. (2001) ‘ Exit, Voice and Loyalty Reactions to Job Insecurity in Sweden: Do Unionized and Non-unionized Employees Differ? British Journal of Industrial Relations, 39 (2): 167-182.

Heinz, W.R., Kruger, H., and Verma, A. (2001) (eds.) Restructuring Work and the Life Course, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Chapters by Donna Chan et al., and Schmahl.

Bohle, P., Quinlan, M., and Mayhew, C., (2001) ‘The Health and Safety Effects of Job Insecurity: An Evaluation of the Evidence’ in Economics and Labour Relations Review, 12 (1): 32-60.

Ferrie, J.E. (1999) ‘Health consequences of job insecurity’ in Ferrie, J.E., Marmot, M.G., Griffiths, J., and Ziglio, E. (eds.) Labour market changes and job insecurity: a challenge for social welfare and health promotion, WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No.81, Copenhagen, pp.59-99.

Osterman, P. and Shulman, B.(2011) ‘Myths about the Low Wage Jobs Market: Clearing the Underbrush’ Chapter 2 in Chapter 3 in Good Jobs America, Making Work Better for Everyone, Russell Sage Foundation, New York

Leigh, A. (2013) ‘Federation to the 1970s-The great Compression’ Chapter 2 and The 1980s to Today-The Great Divergence, Chapter 3 in Battlers and Billionaires: The Story of Inequality in Australia, Redback, Collingwood, Melbourne.

Australian Council of Social Services (2015) Inequality in Australia: A Nation Divided, ACOSS, Sydney

Freeman, R. (2007) When Markets Drive Outcomes, pp32-40 Chapter 2 and ‘Distribution Matters’ Chaper 3 in America Works: Critical Thoughts on the Exceptional US, Labor Market, Russel Sage Foundation, New York.

Atkinson, A. (2015) ‘Inequality: Learning From History’, Chapter 2 in Inequality: What can Be Done? Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Atkinson, A. (2015) Inequality and what can be done about it: an interview with Jonathon Darbyshire, Prospect, April 9th 2015.

Pikitty, T. (2014) The rise and fall and rise again of inequality: an interview with Thomas Piketty by Jonathon Darbyshire, Prospect, April 14th 2014.

OECD (2009) Growing Unequal? Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries, Summary of OECD Report, Paris.-Full copy of the report at https://oberon.sourceoecd.org/vl=307090/cl=12/nw=1/rpsv/cw/vhosts/oecdthemes/99980045/v2008n10/contp1-1.htm.

Bosch, G., Mayhew, K., Gautié,J. (2010) Chapter 3 in Industrial Relations, Legal Regulations, and Wage Setting in Gautie, J. and Schmitt, J.(eds.) Low-Wage Work in the Wealthy World. Russell Sage Foundation, New York.

Stiglitz, J. (2013) The Price of Inequality: How Today’s Divided Society Endangers Our Future, W Norton and Company, New York.

Aktinson, A. B. (2008) The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Esping-Andersen, G. (2009) ‘The New Inequalities’, Chapter 2 in The Incomplete Revolution: Adapting to Women’s New Roles, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Bosch, G. (2009) ‘Low Wage Work in Five Countries and the US’, in International Labor Review, Vol. 148. , No. 4.

Card, D. and DiNardo, J. (2002) ‘Skill Biased Technological Change and Rising Wage Inequality: Some Problems and Puzzles’, Journal Of Labour Economics, Vol. 20, No 2.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘How is Work Rewarded and Iis This Fair’, Chapter 8 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.

Pontusson, J. (2005) ‘Income Distribution and Labor Markets, Chapter 3 in Inequality and Prosperity: Social Europe Vs Liberal America, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

ACIRRT (1999) Australia at Work: Just Managing?, Prentice-Hall, Sydney, Chapter 4.

Borland, J., Gregory, B., Sheehan, P. (2001) Work Rich, Work Poor: Inequality and Economic Change in Australia, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, Chapters 1, 3 & 6.

Eardley, T. (2000) ‘Working but Poor? Low Pay and Poverty in Australia’ in Economic and Labour Relations Review, 11 (2): 308-338.

Watson, I. (2002) ‘Wage Inequality and Underemployment: Australia in the 1990s’ in Journal of Industrial Relations, 44 (1): 88-107.

Stanford, J., Taylor, L., Houston, E. (eds.) (2001) Power, Employment, and Accmumulation: Social Structures in Economic Theory and Practice, M.E.Sharpe, N.Y., Chapter 2.

Ellwood, et al. (2000) A Working Nation: Workers, Work and Government in the New Economy, Russell Sage Foundation, N.Y., Chapters 1-2, and chapter by Kruse & Blasi.

Lowe, G.S. (2000) The Quality of Work: A People Centred Agenda, OUP Canada, Don Mills, Ontario.

Ehrenreich, B. (2002) Nickel and Dimed: Undercover in Low-wage USA, Granta Books, London, esp. Chapter 3.

Bosch, G. (2015) Shrinking collective bargaining coverage, increasing income inequality: A comparison of five EU countries, International Labour Review, Vol. 154 (2015), No. 1.

Grimshaw, D. and Rubery, J. (2013) ‘The Distributive Function of a Minimum Wage: First-and Second Order pay Equity Effects’, Chapter 4 in Minimum Wages, Pay Equity and Comparative Industrial Relations, edited Damian Grimshaw, Routledge, Milton Park , Abingdon Oxon.

Grimshaw, D. and Bosch, G.(2013) ‘The Intersections between Minimum Pay and Collective Bargaining Institutions’, Chapter 5 in Minimum Wages, Pay Equity and Comparative Industrial Relations, edited Damian Grimshaw, Routledge, Milton Park,
Abingdon Oxon.

Wright, S and Buchanan, J. (2013) Award Reliance, Executive Summary, Report6/2013, Fair Work Australia, Workplace Research Centre, Sydney University.

FairWorkAustralia See for details of Award Reliance and Annual Wage Review2012-2013 in particular the decision of Fair Work Australia
https://www.fwc.gov.au/index.cfm?pagename=wagereview2013&page=introduction

Rubery, J. (2013) ‘From ‘Women and Recession’ to ‘Women and Austerity’: A Framework for Analysis, Chapter 2 in Women and Austerity: The Economic Crisis and the Future of Gender Equality edited by Maria Karamessini and Jill Rubery, Routledge, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon.

Pocock, B., Skinner, N. and Ichii, R. (2009) Work-Life Interference: a Gendered Analysis, Chapter 3 in Work, Life and Workplace Flexibility: Australian Workplace and Life Index (AWALI) University of South Australia, accessible from unisa.edu.au/hawkeinstitute/cwl

Esping-Andersen, G. (2009) ‘Investing in Children and Equalising Life Chances’, Chapter 4 in The Incomplete Revolution: Adapting to Women’s New Roles, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Australian Senate Education and Employment and Workplace Relations References Committee (2009) Provision of Childcare, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, accessible at https://www.aph.gov.au/SEnate/committee/eet_ctte/child_care/report/report.pdf

ABS4402.0 – Childhood Education and Care, Australia, June 2008 (Reissue)
Accessible at https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4402.0

Baird, M. and Williamson (2010) ‘Madwomen and Paid Maternity Leave-Past and Present’ paper presented to 24th AIRAANZ Conference. 3rd -5th February 2010.

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘How do People balance Work and Life?’, Chapter 9 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.

Charlesworth, S. and McDonald, F. (2008) The Unpaid Parental Leave Standard: What Standard’, paper presented to 22nd AIRAANZ Conference, 6th-8th February, Melbourne, accessible a t https://www.mngt.waikato.ac.nz/departments/Strategy%20and%20Human%20Resource%20Management/airaanz/proceedings/melbourne2008/ref/S.%20Charlesworth,%20F.%20Macdonald.pdf.

Baird, M., Brennan, D. and Cutcher, L. (2002) ‘A Pregnant Pause: Paid Maternity Leave in Australia, Labour & Industry, 13:1: 1-21.

Campbell, I (2002) ‘Extended Working Hours in Australia’ in Labour and Industry, Vol. 13, No. 1.91-110.

Schmid, G. (2001) ‘Enhancing gender equality through transitional labour markets’ in Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 7 (2): 227-243.

Baird, M. (2003) ‘Understanding a Woman’s Right to Paid Maternity Leave’ in Reflections and New Directions, AIRAANZ 2003 Conference Proceedings, Monash University, Vol.1.

Pocock, B. (2003) ‘The Process of Political-Industrial Change in Australia: The Case of Paid Maternity Leave, in Reflections and New Directions, AIRAANZ 2003 Conference Proceedings, Monash University. Vol.1

Jerrard, M and Le Queux, S. (2013) Australian Trade Unions and International labor Movements Chapter 2 Australian Workplace Relations edited by Julian Teicher, Peter Holland and Richard Gough, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne.

https://www.lhmu.org.au/news/interview-with-lhmu-national-secretary-louise-tarrant

Callus, R., and Lansbury, R. (2002) (eds.) Working Futures: The Changing Nature of Work and Employment Relations in Australia, The Federation Press, Sydney, Chapter 6.

Valkenburg, B., and Beukema, L., (1996) ‘The organisation of flexibility: Atypical jobs as a challenge for the modernisation of trade unions’, Transfer: European Review Of Labour And Research, 2 (4) pp.738-53.

Heery, E., and Salmon, J. (2000) (eds.) The Insecure Workforce, Routledge, London, Chapter 8.

Osterman, P., Kochan, T.A., Locke M., and Piore, M. (2001) Working in America: A Blueprint for the new labor market, MIT Press, Mass. Chapter 4.

Hurd, R.W. (2001) ‘Contesting the dinosaur image – the U.S. labor movement’s search for future’ in Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 7 (3): 451-465.

Adler, L., and Turner, L. (2001) ‘Awakening the giant: the revitalization of the American labor movement’ in Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 7 (3): 466 – 479.

Kelly, J. (1998) Rethinking Industrial Relations: Mobilization, Collectivism and Long Waves, Routledge, London, Chapter 7.

Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research (2002) Special Issue on Changing Employment Relations in Private-Sector Services: Challenges and Opportunities, 8 (3).

Watts, R. (2001) ‘The ACTU’s Response to the Growth in Long-term Casual Employment in Australia’ in Australian Bulletin of Labour, 27(2):137-149.

Gough, R. and Ogden, M. (2008) ‘Partnership, Bargaining and Production in
‘Co-ordinated Market’ and ‘Liberal Market’ Economies’.

Guest, D., and Peccei, R. (2001) ‘Partnership at Work: Mutuality and the Balance of Advantage’ in British Journal of Industrial Relations, 39 (2): 207-236.

Gray, G., Myers, D., and Myers, P., (1999) ‘Cooperative provisions in labor agreements: a new paradigm?’ in Monthly Labor Review, 122 (1) pp. 29-45.

McKersie, R.B. (2001) ‘Labor’s voice at the strategic level of the firm’ in Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 7 (3): 480-493.

Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, (2001) Special Issue on Collective Agreements on Competitiveness and Employment, various articles.

Heery, E. (2002) ‘Partnership versus organising: alternative futures for British trade unionism’ in Industrial Relations Journal 33(1):20-35. (available on-line)

Osterman, P. (2000) ‘Work Reorganization in an Era of Restructuring: Trends in Diffusion and Effects on Employee Welfare’ in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 53(2): 179-196 (available on-line)

Watson, I., Buchanan, J., Campbell, I. and Briggs, C. (2003) ‘What Lies behind Changes at Work?’, Chapter 12 in Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, Sydney.