Excel Problem—Financial Statement Analysis
The problem requires you to use file C02.xlx, an Excel spreadsheet.Cary Corporation’s forecasted 2013 financial statements follow, along with industry average ratios. For each question create an additional tab in the sameExcel file (copy the “base” tab, rename it as the letter of the question, say “a”, modify the data as required by the question, then write your comments at the bottom – in a different color). When you are done the workbook should have the tab (worksheet) “Base” and tabs “a”,”b”,”c”,”d”,”e”,”f” each containing the calculations and comments for the corresponding question .Tutorial on how to copy of worksheet:

a. Calculate Cary’s 2013 forecasted ratios, compare them with the industry average data, and comment briefly on Cary’s projected strengths and weaknesses.
b. What do you think would happen to Cary’s ratios if the company initiated cost-cutting measures that allowed it to hold lower levels of inventory and substantially decrease the cost of goods sold? To answer this question, suppose inventories drop to $700,000 and the inventory turnover remains the same as when inventories were $894,000.
Cary Corporation: Forecasted Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2013
Cash $ 72,000 Accounts and notes payable $ 432,000
Accounts receivable 439,000 Accruals 170,000
Inventories 894,000 Total current liabilities $ 602,000
Total current assets $1,405,000 Long-term debt 404,290
Land and building 238,000 Common stock 575,000
Machinery 132,000 Retained earnings 254,710
Other fixed assets 61,000
Total assets $1,836,000 Total liabilities and equity $1,836,000
Cary Corporation: Forecasted Income Statement for 2013
Sales $4,290,000
Cost of goods sold (3,580,000)
Gross operating profit $ 710,000
General administrative and selling expenses ( 236,320)
Depreciation (159,000)
Miscellaneous ( 134,000)
Earnings before taxes (EBT) $ 180,680
Taxes (40%) ( 72,272)
Net income $ 108,408
Number of shares outstanding 23,000
Per-Share Data
EPS $ 4.71
Cash dividends per share $ 0.95
P/E ratio 5.0×
Market price (average) $23.57
Industry Financial Ratios (2013)a
Quick ratio 1.0×
Current ratio 2.7
Inventory turnoverb 5.8×
Days sales outstanding 32 days
Fixed assets turnoverb 13.0×
Total assets turnoverb 2.6×
Return on assets 9.1%
Return on equity 18.2%
Debt ratio 50.0%
Profit margin on sales 3.5%
P/E ratio 6.0×
aIndustry average ratios have been constant for the past four years.
bBased on year-end balance sheet figures.
c. Suppose Cary Corporation is considering installing a new computer system that would provide tighter control of inventories, accounts receivable, and accounts payable. If the new system is installed, the following data are projected (rather than the data given earlier) for the indicated balance sheet and income statement accounts:
Accounts receivable $ 395,000
Inventories $ 700,000
Other fixed assets $ 150,000
Accounts and notes payable $ 275,000
Accruals $ 120,000
Cost of goods sold $3,450,000
Administrative and selling expenses $ 248,775
P/E ratio 6.0×
How do these changes affect the projected ratios and the comparison with the industry averages? (Note that any changes to the income statement will change the amount of retained earnings; therefore, the model is set up to calculate 2013 retained earnings as 2012 retained earnings plus net income minus dividends paid. The model also adjusts the cash balance so that the balance sheet balances.)
d. If the new computer system were even more efficient than Cary’s management had estimated and thus caused the cost of goods sold to decrease by $125,000 from the projections in part (c), what effect would it have on the company’s financial position?
e. If the new computer system were less efficient than Cary’s management had estimated and caused the cost of goods sold to increase by $125,000 from the projections in part (a), what effect would it have on the company’s financial position?
f. Change, one by one, the other items in part (c) to see how each change affects the ratio analysis. Then think about and write a paragraph describing how computer models such as this one can be used to help make better decisions about the purchase of such items as a new computer system.

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