With Malice Toward None and Charity for Some”
Analysis of the Greenwald and Pettigrew article (5 double-spaced pages)
In an important article in the American Psychologist, Anthony Greenwald and Thomas Pettigrew, both icons in the study of intergroup relations, allude to Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address in their title. Greenwald is one of the key originators of the concept of implicit or unconscious bias and its measurement instrument, the Implicit Association Test. Pettigrew is one of the most cited social psychologists in the field, especially for his article on the “ultimate attribution error.” In this article, in contrast to the focus in the study of intergroup relations on “outgroup hostility,” Greenwald and Pettigrew argue that “ingroup favoritism” or positive discrimination has been more important for reproducing inequality than hostility against outgroups (consistent with the DiTomaso, 2015, article in Research in Organizational Behavior).
Write an analysis of this article including the following: (a) what is the main point of the article, (b) what evidence do they bring to bear to support their argument, (c) why do they suggest that their argument has been given insufficient attention in research and writing on intergroup relations, and (d) what is your assessment of their argument and why?
In your analysis, you can ignore their discussion of methodology unless you want to use this to strengthen your analysis. In essence, they argue that most studies of intergroup relations do not have measurements that can tell the difference between positive discrimination and negative discrimination.
Be sure to properly cite any sources that you use and include a reference list.
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