materials EngineeringLearning Outcome 1.1
Detail the appropriate properties and criteria for the selection of a metallic, ceramic, polymer and composite material
1. You are asked to select materials for the manufacture of pistons fitted to a modern petrol engine car. The piston has
to be able to withstand the conditions of the environment within which it operates.

State the selection criteria of the chosen materials taking into account the material properties, their cost and their
suitability for manufacture.

Your answer must be supported by illustrations and test data sheets.
(maximum 350 words)
2. State the main properties of the materials used in the manufacture of:

1. Copper wire
2. Steel “I” section beams
3. The front stub axle of a car
4. A lathe high speed steel cutting tool
5. Electric heating element in an electric fire
6. Transformer core
Give detailed explanations of your answers and illustrate them with diagrams.
(maximum 1000 words)
Learning Outcome 1.2
Explain the particular characteristics related to the microstructure and macroscopic behaviour of the four categories of
engineering materials

3. Discuss any three microstructural characteristics (e.g. the grain size and shape or the phase structure) of the

a. Ceramics
b. Composite Materials
c. Polymers
d. Metals

The discussion must be limited to a maximum of 1000 words in total.
4. Discuss any three characteristics related to the macroscopic behaviour (e.g. chemical, physical or mechanical
properties) of the four categories of materials mentioned previously in Q1

The discussion must be limited to a maximum of 1000 words in total

Learning Outcome 1.3
Generate and process test data to assess material properties for two categories of material

5. The following data is for cold-worked carbon steel tested in a tensile test:

Original diameter: 12.725 mm
Final diameter: 8.433 mm
Original gauge length: 50.8 mm
Final gauge length 60.71 mm

0 5.5 11.7 17.0 22.1 27.4 40.5 53.1 60.5 64.7 66.9 68.7 70.5 71.5 72.1 72.8
0 0.010 0.020 0.030 0.040 0.050 0.076 0.102 0.127 0.152 0.178 0.203 0.254 0.305 0.356 0.508

The maximum load was 74.3 KN. Plot the stress – strain(Extension-Load) graph and determine:

a) Modulus of elasticity
b) Tensile strength
c) Percentage elongation
d) Percentage reduction in area
6. The following results were obtained from a tensile test of a polymer:

(kN) 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.63 0.65
(mm) 0.0 0.08 0.17 0.35 0.59 0.88 1.33 2.00 2.40
The test piece had a width of 20 mm, a thickness of 3 mm and a gauge length of 80 mm. Plot the stress – straingraph and
a) Modulus of elasticity
b) Tensile strength
c) The ductility, in percent elongation
d) Yield strength at a strain offset of 0.002
You are required to comment on the values obtained in parts (a) and (b) for both questions and draw comparisons between
the two values for both materials
Learning Outcome 1.4
Investigate and assess the quality of suitable data from three different sources

7. Search, look up and identify the suitable data (British Standards, International Standards, product data sheets,
manufacturer’s literature, specification sheets, test data and engineering drawings) available for the manufacture of two
engineering components of your choice. (a kitchen sink, a stainless steel adjustable spanner or the casing of a fire alarm
control panel are just few examples of many such products).

The engineering products chosen must be able to be manufactured out of one of the following metal, ceramic, polymer and/or

Provide at least three samples of the data obtained above and critically assess their reliability for use in the general
world of materials engineering. (Maximum 150 words)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *