1) Choose a puzzle involving political violence
2) Summarize the existing literature on said puzzle
3) Explain where it is lacking or offer an alternative explanation
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“When does democratization exacerbate ethnic conflict?” This happens at times in multi-ethnic states. The benchmark in the field is a book written by Jack Snyder “From Voting to Violence.” Snyder argues that elites use nationalism to motivate the masses. You can make a very good counterargument to this. That instead of nationalism, a lack of institutionalized democratic processes is a more significant reason.