Biology

Scientific method and Throat Therapy

Scientific methods invest phenomena and the acquiring of new technology and techniques. Hypothesis methods can be used to address the explanations in phenomena as well as experimental studies to test hypothesis. If the scientific method is applied on the headline “Throat Therapy”, the first thing would be to understand that through experience, throat problems are widespread with no acceptable remedy being available, the next step would be to know that this headline might not necessarily be the truth. The third step would be to argue that if this is the case then this remedies that the article claims to have found are just lies, the finakl step would therefore entail proving that my assertion is true.
Summary of protein synthesis, cell respiration, and photosynthesis.
Before the occurrence of protein synthesis, parts of the components are usually assembled in the ribosome. Protein synthesis occurs in a number of stages. The first stage is the transcription of the mRNA from a gene of DNA that is in the nucleus. The RNAs then migrate into the cytoplasm from the nucleus. Later, the AUG codon signals an interaction of the m-RNA with the ribosomes as well as the anticodons with the tRNA. A second tRNA then approaches the mRNA. The last process is to have a peptide chain grow so that amine of proliene can bond with carboxyl group of methinone so as to elongate the peptide. An elongation of the peptide then takes place and the proline gets hydrolyzed from the tRNA.
Cell respiration occurs so as to allow for organisms to release the energies that had been previously stored in the chemical bonds of glucose. This energy is required by cells so that they may get their energy. The cells use this energy from the ATP. In the process of respiration, energy is released after glucose has ben oxidized to form water. Carbon atoms that are in the sugar molecule are then released in the form of carbon dioxide. For glucose to be properly broken down into carbon dioxide, glycosis and aerobic respiration needs to occur. In case whereby oxygen is absent, alcohol and lactic acid are produced from fermentation reactions.
Photosynthesis is the process whereby light is converted into chemical energy and later stored in sugar bonds. The process happens in plants as well as algae such as Kingdom Protista. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts by the use of chlorophyll which is the green pigment that is used in photosynthesis. This process occurs in the leaves of plants but little occurs in the stems. However the lower and upper epidermises have no chloroplasts.
Importance of carbs, fats and proteins.
Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are macronutrients that play the role of providing the body with energy or calories. These are very essential for metabolism, growth as well as other important body functions. These nutrients are therefore required in huge amounts. Proteins are needed for repair oft tissues, making of enzymes and hormones, growth and promoting body immunity. Fats are required for maintenance of the cell membranes, cushioning organs of the body, energy as well as growth and development. Carbohydrates are required for provision of energy after being stored in the muscles they also help in the process of elimination of waste and promoting health of the intestine. They are also required to ensure that the central nervous system functions well.
Antibiotic resistance concerns and prevention.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria strains that are in the body of humans develop some resistance to antibiotics. This can result due to the fact that antibiotics are improperly used. This is a growing concern since millions of people take doses of antibiotics on a daily period but in some case this is usually not necessary. Information needs to be conveyed to patients and medical doctors that antibiotics are expected to be sued for bacterial infections and not viral infections.

References
Martin, R. (1998). Protein Synthesis: Methods and Protocols. Humana Press.
Berdanier, C. & Zempleni, J. (2008). Advanced Nutrition: Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Metabolism. CRC Press.
McKenna, J. (1998). Natural Alternatives to Antibiotics. Avery Publishers.

 

 

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