Make an argument about these illustrations through these five subjects: 1. avant-gardism and politics, 2. Making of tradition of modernism, 3. CIAM, 4. Centre/Periphery, 5. North African housing and the colonial subject………………

Answer:

After the war, the destruction, the loss of property, the loss of lives and a nation’s confidence, coupled with weak and almost absent institutions of restoration, the loss of time and the confidence of a people is the ultimate blow to the citizenry. The proper functionality of a city should be restored to eliminate the “organized chaos and confusion.” Architecture could be used both as an economic and political tool to improve the society through building designs and urban planning. Strict functional segregations and distribution of the population to taller buildings could help resolve the social problems visible. CIAM proposed principle of “The Functionality City” broadens the span from basic architecture to a more complex urban planning necessary to keep in check the population and help in setting proper standards for the development of the perfect although illusive Functional City that was the dream of the CIAM founders.
Avermaete Tom, Another Modern. (2005)The Post-war Architecture of Candilis-Josic-Woods, Rotterdam, Nai Publishers

Beauty lies within variety: when it comes to organization, both vertical and horizontal arrangement help bring the great spice of life. Saving space seems to be the order of the day for the vertical based structures, making them ideal for city planning, little space is wasted and practicability is more emphasized by beam supported structures that are environmentally friendly and help in free circulation of air. Horizontal is extravagant, but luxurious, ideal for a home where peace and tranquility is desired away from the hustle and bustle of the much dreaded city life. Ingenuity is essential to horizontal structures as the vast used lower space can be compensated by turning the upper open space into a platform of more usage. Horizontal is beautiful, however, it is never ideal for a populous region where space is not a luxury but a necessity that has to be guarded jealously not only for our generation but for future generations and to also ensure the survival of good and cost effective architecture.
Le Corbusier, Towards an Architecture, Translated by John Goodman. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2007.

Social disenfranchisement created by a section of society that views itself more superior, leads to an outburst of an oppressed citizenry cramped into bad housing, neglect can never and has never been a solution. Discrimination is always a vice, and territorization is the worst treatment for a society that claims civility as one of its key principles. A healthy and comfortable mind is a very productive mind, free of indolence (a catalyst for civil unrest and endless planning and scheming). Bad politics leads to bad policies, bad policies eventually disease good architecture and breeds about pure hate between otherwise willful and committed citizenry who feel neglected and eventually result to civil unrest as a way of addressing the social grievances albeit to late in certain situations. Public housing has been positive in some aspects but the negative social impacts that come with it are more profound than the good intentions it was created for, convincing the affected persons is always hard, a drastic measure of changing the housing scheme is more effective than mere policy change, good architecture is the ultimate solution.
Le Blanc, David, Anne Laferre, The Effects of Public Social Housing on Households Consumption in France. 2010, Journal of Housing Economics 10(4): 429-455

References

Avermaete Tom, Another Modern. (2005)The Post-war Architecture of Candilis-Josic-Woods, Rotterdam, Nai Publishers.

Le Blanc, David, Anne Laferre, The Effects of Public Social Housing on Households Consumption in France. 2010, Journal of Housing Economics 10(4): 429-455

Le Corbusier, Towards an Architecture, Translated by John Goodman. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2007.

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