What is Academic Writing | How to master Academic Writing

Hello peeps. Today I am going to tell you how to master academic writing. Academic writing is all about doing the work which you get from college. Your marks are linked with academic assignments. Don’t ignore this aspect of your academic session, even if you find writing an irksome work. Find out a way to develop an interest in writing. You can work with friends or get assignment help from the experts. These are just some ways through which you can do academic writing with perfection.

Almost 40 percent of scores are based on academic writing work. You need to be on your toes all the time to score well in assignments. If you want to score well, you will have to write well. In this blog, you are going to get some tips and tricks to write well.

Here with you can have an idea of what you will get by the end of this blog. So, let’s have a look first:

1. What is Academic writing?
2. Different types of Academic writing students need to focus on
3. Various Academic writing styles
4. Things to keep in mind for successful academic writing
5. What makes an academic writing work a good one

This blog is based on the above-mentioned points. I can assure that you will gain valuable info here.

What is Academic writing?

what-is-academic-writing

Academic writing is a writing work that students get from their professors. It includes research papers, assignments, thesis, dissertations, essays, etc. The language in academic writing should be formal. It should contain technical jargon as well.

For instance, When you write a research paper, avoid casual tone. Focus should be on facts, and ideas rather than people and emotions. Use discipline related vocabulary and structure. Such as just as humanities requires theory and large paragraphs. Whereas, science subject needs short paragraphs with facts.

Want a perfect definition? Here it is:

Academic writing is a style of writing adopted by researchers. It’s used for writing an intellectual work of a specific discipline. Academic writing has certain fixed characteristics, such as :

  • Use of formal tone
  • Third person usage
  • Use of noble diction
  • Technical terms in courses
  • Refined language

All you need for a perfectly written paper is To keep these things in mind. Just remember to write accordingly, and you will see the difference.

Stay connected; I have to too many things to tell you. Follow them. There will be nothing which can hamper effective writing from your end.

 

Different types of Academic writing which students need to focus on

types-of-academic-writing

Assignments

Assignments are the basic writing work students often get in college. Lecturers give it in order to judge the performance of the students. These are often on a weekly basis. Students need to write an assignment on a particular topic.

Writing assignments can be both interesting and challenging. The process of writing involves multiple processes. Some of them are research, planning, reflection, and organisation. Befriend your assignments they can prove to be enjoyable activities. At the same time, they will develop your thinking skills. If you think you need help in this regard, you can ask your friends and teachers. You can also take online assignment help to get assistance from the experts.

Essays

Essays are both long and short. They require creative writing skills and knowledge. Essays are generally written from the writer’s point of view. They are of both types, formal and informal.

Essays can be used for different purposes. Some of them are criticism, arguments, informative, etc. Students need to use different theories and researches. An academic essay writing should be from 2000 to 5000 words. You may opt for online essay writing service.

Dissertation

A dissertation is a long form of an essay. It is around 15000 words. It holds immense importance in the life of postgraduate students. Dissertation is the academic writing work.It aims to show the level of student’s knowledge in a specific subject.

If doing it all by yourself is not working well. You may take help from online dissertation writing service. The experts there can give you valuable advice to help with submitting a perfect dissertation.

Research Paper

A research paper is a kind of academic writing based on student’s original research. The research is done on a particular topic. The paper contains the analysis and interpretation of research findings.

Do keep some key points in mind while preparing a research paper. The Introduction must have a short description of the research paper. Citation work should be correct and original.

Five things to focus on while writing an academic paper

1. Use of formal tone

The style of the academic paper should be formal and logical. It should have logical and organized ideas. Tone also refers to the manner in which the ideas are conveyed. Present your argument in a pleasant narrative tone. Have an authoritative point of view while writing. Keep the arguments confidently in a research paper with valid proof. Keep in mind that the reader should stay connected while reading.

2. Third person usage

Usually, a research paper is written from the third person perspective. First and second person narration is valid in storytellings. The author connects himself/herself in a story. But research paper is to convey your argument. For conveying your research, third-person usage is perfect.

3. Use of noble diction

If you are a literature student, then you must be aware of the term noble diction. Literature is about imagination, fantasy and thought process. You must have a good vocabulary to do justice with your work. Your language should express the emotion and feelings. To make it possible you need a language of highest quality.

4. Technical terms in courses such as medical, engineering or law.

Use technical terms if you are making a research paper on technical or professional courses. But, do not fill it with jargons and do not use them scarcely.

5. Refined language with proper grammar and punctuation

Avoid grammatical and punctuation mistakes to make your research a successful one. Grammatical errors need to minimal. You can go for online assignment help services. They have software to remove grammatical and punctuation errors.

Various Academic writing styles

academic-writing-styles

1. Descriptive

Descriptive form of academic writing is the most basic one. It clearly states facts. As the name suggests, it is used to describe the subject. Descriptive information’s primary task is to make an image in a reader’s mind.

A good descriptive assignment includes several things:

  • Picturization of feelings of a person or place. Your academic writing work should be a vivid description of emotions.
  • Chronologically correct information. Focus on the spatial information, and emphasize on important things first. Information should be organized and in a flow.
  • Facts and evidence supporting your argument. Raise an argument but keep your supporting facts ready.
  • Last but not the least a command over the language. Keep the sentences in active form. There should be a minimal usage of passive form.

2. Analytical

Analytical academic writing style has its own importance. University level work cannot be completely descriptive. Analytical work is more of analysis and less of descriptive. Your research paper should be categorized to make it analytical. Analytical academic writing style is used widely. Especially in engineering, business or law students. There work based on data and numerical and less theory.
Instructions for analytical writing work are:

  • Analysis of data
  • comparison
  • contrast
  • relate
  • examine

Things you can try to make your academic writing work analytically:

Brainstorming facts and ideas, plan your work. Try different ways to group them. You can make tables of similarity and differences. In your academic writing work, put flow charts, tables, etc.
Use as much as possible analytic patterns in every paragraph. This will make the assignment appealing.
Start with an introduction, make divisions in your topics. Structuring of writing work will make it clear for the readers.

3. Persuasive

This style of writing is a step ahead from analytical writing. It consists of all the elements of the analytical and descriptive style of writing. In such academic assignment writing work, you give your own point of view. Mostly essays use this style of academic writing. Research articles also have a persuasive style of writing in its discussion and conclusion.
Interpretation of findings, arguments, are the elements of persuasive writing. You have to give the evidence in support of the argument you raised. These pieces of evidence can be published works, researches by scholars.

How you can master persuasive style of academic writing:

  • Read works of other writers and researchers. Find out whose argument is convincing.
  • Watch out for the strongest evidence they have made.
  • List down the different interpretations.
  • Find out which one is beneficial for you.

Develop your argument with the following checklist:

  • List down the reasons for the point of view you made.
  • Search out for the evidence to support your point of view.
  • See how your point of view is different from other scholar’s point of view.
  • Divide your point of you into parts.

Work on the presentation of your argument:

  • all your arguments in the paper should support your point of view.
  • Make your reasons clear to the reader.
  • Make valid assumptions.
  • Keep every evidence original. It should be convincing to the readers.

4. Critical

Critical academic writing is of vital importance for postgraduates writings. Here you critically analysis someone else works. Often its a criticism and refusal of ideas portrayed in other scholar’s work.
In critical writing, you need to create your own argument on the researcher’s interpretation. Critical writing has all the features of persuasive writing and added criticism element. You must need strong evidence to reject the idea of other scholarly work. Examples of critical writing are, literary review, critique of an article.

Instructions for critical writing are:

  • Criticism
  • refusal
  • Evaluating other’s work
  • debate

Remember one thing Critical academic writing needs great skills. You need to understand the topic completely. If you do not possess such skills, go for assignment help online. Assignment help services can make your work easy in no time.

Things to keep in mind for successful academic writing

tips-for-successful-academic-writing-style

Plan before you write

Planning is imperative before doing any sort of work. Be it any academic work, planning is necessary. So before starting any academic assignment, make a proper plan for it.
Two main approaches one should follow for organizing and analyzing information.

1. The planning approach:
As the name suggests, you must plan then write. Do a lot of planning about what you are going to write in paragraphs. Then begin your writing work. You may take advice from online academic writing experts if you feel stuck.
2. The drafting approach:
Make drafts when ideas and thoughts are blooming in your mind. Write as many drafts as possible. Read them again and organize those ideas. Keep doing it unless they get structured well.
Above mentioned approaches are beneficial in most of the cases. If your subject requires analytic skills, then work on the planning approach. Planning is very essential for creating a masterpiece. It also shows your interest towards the work.

Know expectations

Before starting to write on any subject or topic, know exactly what are the demands. Different subjects have different requirements, know them then work on them. Also, understand the type of work you have to do. Case study, essays, articles, report all these things follow the different organization of data. Ask your lecturers what their demands are. After knowing all these things start working on your academic paper.
There are few parameters, check before making academic assignment:

  • Instruction given by the supervisor.
  • Marking schemes, grade allotment. Which part of the assignment is more scoring.
  • Discuss your ideas with your supervisor.
  • What guidelines school or institution is following regarding the format of the assignment.
  • Find samples or model assignments. Usually, academic institutions have model assignments to guide the students.
  • Make a task list

Task list helps you to follow a pattern while making an assignment. Write all the things which you are going to mention in your assignment. Let us have a look at some basic requirements:

  • Make a timeline for the task.
  • How much time you need for specific task. Try to follow it properly.
  • Books and research papers of famous scholars for reference and reading. Create notes from them which will guide you when you will write the assignment.
  • Brainstorming ideas that come to your mind at various points while planning to write. List them so that you won’t forget in future.
  • Format and structure of the assignment. Make a rough structure of your work. How you going to start it, the body of the assignment and appealing ending.
  • Editing and proofreading of work. This task you will perform after making the assignment completely. Proofreading is of utmost importance. This will help you to identify the errors. Correct them and then submit it.

What makes an academic writing work a good one

I hope you all want to score good in your academics. You try hard in exams and with assignments to score well. Often some students face difficulty to gain good marks in assignments. You must understand the difference between normal writing and good writing. I am mentioning a few points to guide you towards good academic writing.

Write clear

Whenever you are attempting to write academic assignments, write necessary information. Do not fill your pages with useless data. Your work should contain valuable information. Reader should gain knowledge after reading your content.

  • Role of technology in education
  • Sample Work
  • Science assignment help
  • Self Improvement
  • Teacher and Motivation
  • Simplicity

Academic writing should be in a simple language. Whenever you write the assignment use readable language. Jargons and technical terms should be only used for the accuracy. Do not overfill the content with difficult terms.

Logical and rational

Keep your work rational and sensible. Use logical assumptions and facts. Try to avoid ambiguous statements or information. Make statements and support it with appropriate evidence.

Conclusion

So, guys I hope, I have taken up all the points in this blog. The sole purpose of this blog is to help you all. Starting from the beginning, you have read about the definition of Academic writing. After that, I moved to different types and styles of academic writing. In the end, you can see I summed up things with quick tips.

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At what rate must $287.50 be compounded annually for it to grow to $572.86 in 8 years?

Assignment Problems

1. On the day Harry was born, his parents put $1600 into an investment account that promises to pay a fixed interest rate of 5 percent per year. How much money will Harry have in this account when he turns 21? Round to two decimal places.

2. At what rate must $287.50 be compounded annually for it to grow to $572.86 in 8 years? Submit your answer as a percentage and round to two decimal places.

3. How much money must be put into a bank account yielding 7.25% (compounded annually) in order to have $2,250 at the end of 7 years? Round to two decimal places.

4. Biff deposited $10,000 in a bank account, and 12 years later he closes out the account, which is worth $20,000. What annual rate of interest has he earned over the 12 years? Submit your answer as a percentage and round to two decimal places.

5. How much money do you need to place into a bank account that pays a 3.2% rate in order to have $800 at the end of 6 years? Round to two decimal places.

6. Your grandparents deposit $1,000 each year on your birthday, starting the day you are born, in an account that pays 6% interest compounded annually. How much will you have in the account on your 21st birthday, just after your grandparents make their deposit? Round to two decimal places.

7. Auto Loans R Them loans you $26,000 for four years to buy a car. The loan must be repaid in 48 equal monthly payments. The annual interest rate on the loan is 9 percent. What is your monthly payment? Round to two decimal places.

8. Your company has received a $50,000 loan from an industrial finance company. The annual payments are $6,202.70. If the company is paying 9 percent interest per year, how many loan payments must the company make? Round to the nearest number of periods.

9. You are ready to retire. A glance at your 401(k) statement indicates that you have

$1,500,000. If the funds remain in an account earning 6.5%, how much could you withdraw at the end of each year for the next 20 years? Round to two decimal places.

10. If you wish to accumulate $280,000 in the child’s college fund after 18 years, and can invest at a 7.5% annual rate, how much must you invest at the end of each year if the first deposit is made at the end of the first year? Round to two decimal places.

What are the pros and cons of filing bankruptcy?

At what rate must $287.50 be compounded annually for it to grow to $572.86 in 8 years?

September 21, 2018

describe the opportunities provided by technology for businesses.

September 21, 2018

Answer EACH question in 75 words A PIECE. Use references, if needed and cite.

1. Embark on a virtual field trip. Researching online, explore different career fields that interest you. Share with your classmates which career field or fields you found most interesting. Why do you find it interesting? What is the salary range and average income for people working in that field? What level of education is required to work in that career field? How do your findings affect your career, educational, and financial plans?

2. Share an example of an Automatic Investment Plan (AIP) that you are familiar with or that you have researched. Explain how the chosen AIP works (where the money comes from and goes to, any fees or minimums associated with the account, how do you sign up). Why does/(doesn’t) this AIP make sense for most people, yourself included, to use?

3. What are the pros and cons of filing bankruptcy? What alternatives are out there? Is it moral not to pay creditors? When collectively considering the moral and long term implications for declaring bankruptcy, how wise of an action is it really?

4. Explain the role insurance plays in your financial situation. What are some steps you could take to better protect yourself and/or reduce your insurance costs?

5. Is Wall Street a casino or an investment in the future and why? Use examples to back your stances? What do you fear the most about Wall Street and investing in the stock market? Have you learned anything in this module that has helped you overcome that fear? Please explain.

6. When should you start to think about retirement and estate planning? When should you start taking action? Why? Have you already started taking steps toward retirement? If so, when and why? If not, when do you plan to begin? Why?

7. Review and reflect on what you learned from answering the previous questions. What is the most practical and easily applied lesson you learned? What was the hardest to grasp? Why?

 

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describe the opportunities provided by technology for businesses.

What are the pros and cons of filing bankruptcy?

September 21, 2018

Identifying a market research professional or a company where a representative can talk to you in more detail about the market research process

September 21, 2018

Deliverable Length:  10-12 pages (body of paper, excluding title page, abstract, references and appendices, if any)

Comprehensive Analysis of a Fortune 500 Company

For this Individual Project you will analyze publicly available information about a Fortune 500 Company and develop an assessment of the corporate strategy and its ability to increase competitive advantage.

Your analysis should include an in-depth review of the Company’s most recent SEC Form-10k Annual Report and Form DEF-14A Proxy Statement. These SEC filings can be found at the SEC Edgar Database located at the URL http://www.sec.gov/edgar/searchedgar/companysearch.html . Pay particular attention to the Management Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) sections of the SEC Form 10-K and the DEF-14A Proxy statement.  Direct competitors are identified in the “Comparator Group” section of the DEF-14A Proxy Statement. ) These SEC filings also contain information relative to external and industry analysis that will be helpful in your assessment of the Company’s strategy and competitive position.

A thorough analysis requires evaluation of various external stakeholders:

  • Competitors
  • Industry
  • Vendors
  • Customers
  • Governmental entities
  • Communities

Internal stakeholders that should be considered in the analysis include:

  • Shareholders
  • Board of Directors
  • Management
  • Employees

A comprehensive SWOT analysis should be performed relative to the Company’s ability to improve its competitive advantage.

The comprehensive analysis should include both qualitative and quantitative elements, leveraging information available in SEC Filings, business databases, and peer-reviewed articles.

Your work should demonstrate your ability to:

  • Apply critical thinking skills to analyze business situations.
  • Apply principles of quantitative and qualitative research to business cases.
  • Describe the opportunities provided by technology for businesses.
  • Appropriately use effective communication techniques.
  • Apply the standard of APA style to all research and writing tasks.

You will prepare a report presenting the findings of your comprehensive analysis examining the Company’s corporate strategy and its ability to increase competitive advantage. The written report will have a body length of 10-12 pages excluding title, abstract, references and appendices. Quotation limits should be Not more than 10% of the body of the paper can be quotations, all of which must be properly attributed in APA format.

NOTE: Article collections (scholarly databases) may be accessed in the Library. Suggestions are:

  • ABI Inform Global
  • Academic Search Premier
  • Business Source Premier

 

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Identifying a market research professional or a company where a representative can talk to you in more detail about the market research process

You will be conducting an interview with a market research professional or a company representative. Use the results of your research to make specific recommendations on how market research can be applied to the Marketplace Simulation.

In your Marketplace Simulation game play today, you will be concentrating on growth options and using market research to help you in your decision making. Bont and Hamersveld (2007) tell us “Today, organisations, when making key decisions, are mindful of the importance of ensuring that they understand the views and opinions of current and potential customers and know what competitors are doing in the marketplace” (p.3). Understanding the role of market research and the many methods for conducting market research will be valuable for your work in this class and others in your program.

Learning from Subject Matter Experts (SME) in market research is the focus of this week’s Assignment and Discussion. View some ideas on how you can identify a market research professional or company.

Reference:

Bont, C., & Hamersveld, M. (2007). Market research handbook. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons. Chapter 4: The Market Research Process. Page 99-128

For this Assignment you will be:

● Reviewing the information in this week’s Reading and sources you identify in your own research.

● Identifying areas about market research that are particularly interesting to you or that you would like to know more about.

● Creating a set of 3-6 questions using the information you have gained in your Reading and research that will help you gain a greater understanding of these areas.

● Identifying a market research professional or a company where a representative can talk to you in more detail about the market research process. View some ideas on how you can identify a market research professional or company.

● Conducting an interview with a market research professional or a company representative.

● Using the results of this research to make specific recommendations on how it can be applied to the Marketplace Simulation.

I have attached the grading rubric as well as an example paper that you can follow. Turnitin must be under 20% and you must use academic sources only.

Sources to use if you wish.

Cadle, J., Paul, D., & Turner, P. (2014). Business analysis techniques: 99 essential tools for success (2nd ed.). Swindon, England: BCS Learning & Development Ltd. Technique 13 and 20.

Duboff, R. S. (2011). The market research magic is gone. Marketing Management20(4), 45-46.

Rau, J. G. (2016). The 3 ‘M’ stages. Inventors’ Digest, 32(11), 14.

Tay, F. (© 2015). Turning good ideas into great businesses. [Books24x7 version] Chapter 2 – All about Needs: Understanding the Customer

Identifying areas about market research that are particularly interesting to you or that you would like to know more about. 

You will be conducting an interview with a market research professional or a company representative. Use the results of your research to make specific recommendations on how market research can be applied to the Marketplace Simulation.

In your Marketplace Simulation game play today, you will be concentrating on growth options and using market research to help you in your decision making. Bont and Hamersveld (2007) tell us “Today, organisations, when making key decisions, are mindful of the importance of ensuring that they understand the views and opinions of current and potential customers and know what competitors are doing in the marketplace” (p.3). Understanding the role of market research and the many methods for conducting market research will be valuable for your work in this class and others in your program.

Learning from Subject Matter Experts (SME) in market research is the focus of this week’s Assignment and Discussion. View some ideas on how you can identify a market research professional or company.

Reference:

Bont, C., & Hamersveld, M. (2007). Market research handbook. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons. Chapter 4: The Market Research Process. Page 99-128

For this Assignment you will be:

● Reviewing the information in this week’s Reading and sources you identify in your own research.

● Identifying areas about market research that are particularly interesting to you or that you would like to know more about.

● Creating a set of 3-6 questions using the information you have gained in your Reading and research that will help you gain a greater understanding of these areas.

● Identifying a market research professional or a company where a representative can talk to you in more detail about the market research process. View some ideas on how you can identify a market research professional or company.

● Conducting an interview with a market research professional or a company representative.

● Using the results of this research to make specific recommendations on how it can be applied to the Marketplace Simulation.

I have attached the grading rubric as well as an example paper that you can follow. Turnitin must be under 20% and you must use academic sources only.

Sources to use if you wish.

Cadle, J., Paul, D., & Turner, P. (2014). Business analysis techniques: 99 essential tools for success (2nd ed.). Swindon, England: BCS Learning & Development Ltd. Technique 13 and 20.

Duboff, R. S. (2011). The market research magic is gone. Marketing Management20(4), 45-46.

Rau, J. G. (2016). The 3 ‘M’ stages. Inventors’ Digest, 32(11), 14.

Tay, F. (© 2015). Turning good ideas into great businesses. [Books24x7 version] Chapter 2 – All about Needs: Understanding the Customer

 

“PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH ESSAY PAPER LTD AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT”

Writing to inform | Oxbridge Essays

Essays are written to inform. Essentially, the written material that you provide conveys information from you, the writer/author to other persons, usually a professor or instructor, and sometimes peers and colleagues. Even the loosest of writing projects, like the personal essay or creative non-fiction assignments, are responsible for a transfer of information.
What many new writers do not understand, and despite low marks, some are never informed or ever realise, that all academic writing hangs on the presentation of clear and accurate information. The vast majority of essays are written to inform. These essays can be used to inform readers on seemingly factual information; the life cycle of a fruit-fly, for instance. But even a writing prompt that involves taking a position (e.g. ‘what is your view of Brexit?’ or ‘Coffee in the morning: how much is too much?’) makes an underlying request for information.

So, what can you do to ensure that you receive the highest marks on informational writing assignments?

First, follow the conventions. Conventions in writing, especially academic writing, are a form of politeness. It seems strange, no doubt, but presenting your essay in a way that does not stand out is a way of telling readers (i.e. professors) that you respect them as readers of your essay and want to make the process of reading your work as straightforward and comfortable possible.
This means, basically, not going rogue with your formatting or structure. Standard fonts and margins, usually apply here. You should have a title that tells the reader what the essay is about, usual identification markers. Sure, this all sounds like no-brainer stuff, but you would be astounded at the number of students that hand in essays that want their work to stand apart under the assumption that doing so will garner a higher mark. Turning in an essay written in comic sans will not help your grade! If all the essays written for the course were laid out on a table, at a glance none of them should look much different from the others.
A further convention that you want to follow is that of structure. In a academic writing all discussion of structure works on three levels. First, there is the sentence structure. Second, we have the paragraph structure. Third and lastly, we have the essay structure. In longer forms of work, a thesis for instance, we might talk about the structure of particular sections, but for the most part the same points as that of essay structure apply.
Let’s look at each of these.

Sentence structure

If you are writing to inform your primary objective is to convey information in a clear and straightforward way. This amounts to writing sentences that are clear and straightforward. Many students are often concerned with notions of style and will assume that the more they write like Henry James (or James Joyce!) the better their writing is.
But what is style? A writing style is basically just the way you control the presentation of information and ideas in your writing. When it comes to conveying information the longer a sentence becomes, often the more cumbersome the information. One of the conventions of a clear writing style is thus to vary your sentence length. It can have a stronger impact on the reader to use 2-4 shortish sentences and then a long one, instead of a series of all long or short sentences. Even just thinking of reading either of those seems tedious.
You will also want to consider your word choices. Does the vocabulary fit the topic? Do you repeat or overuse any key words or expressions. Have you used archaisms unnecessarily? At any rate, the first place you want to strive for clarity. Not surprisingly, in writing to inform, students in maths and science are often able to write the most clearly.

Paragraph structure

All sentences grouped around one main idea form a paragraph which is separated from other groups of sentences. Each paragraph needs to be about one thing, and you should indicate what that one thing is in the first, or less often, second sentence (so-called topic sentences). The remaining sentences support the statement made by the topic sentence. The final sentence usually transitions to the next paragraph idea.

Essay structure

Lastly, we have the structure of the essay as a whole. Basically, you need a beginning, a middle, and an end. And each of these sections needs to feel and read like a beginning, a middle, and an end. But these sections are more commonly referred to as an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. The simplest way to think of these sections in an essay and their functions is like this: tell your readers what you plan to tell them (introduction), then tell the readers what you need to tell them (body), then tell your readers what you have told them (conclusion). It really is that simple. Essentially, this kind of structure in essays is a way of packaging information so that it can be best understood. There is content and form, structure provides the form, and the two work together. Good content in a poorly structured essay is not an effective way of informing readers.

Be focused

Within the essay you need to ensure a logical continuity of thought. If you are informing readers about, for instance, the relationship between salt intake and physical health, you do not want to make a foray into the history of salt, its production in India, how Bede left a small packet to his brother monks when he died (because it was so rare), and so on. All of this could be informative, but it is not relevant to the topic. When writing to inform you absolutely must make it a priority to stay focused and on task, no matter how tempting or interesting any asides might be.
Nevertheless, you do want to provide, in as much as it may matter, an overall understanding of the issue at hand. If the task is to provide a overall information, and not just a position or argument, you will want to take a more balanced approach. This can be particularly challenging when discussing divisive or galvanising political, religious, or social issues. One of the things that you should strive for in your academic writing, whether you are writing to inform or put forward an argument, is objectivity. When presenting other positions or contrary arguments, it is best to take a clear, neutral, and factual approach. And where you might disagree, never attack or denounce a person directly.

Be informative

You want to give readers as much information as possible; however, you want to present the information in a way that is clear and accessible. One of the standard models for this kind of ‘delivery’ is the baking recipe. When looking at a recipe there is usually a short and relevant introduction to what is being baked. Then a step by step guide for how to reproduce the dish. All of the information is expressed in a clear and ordered way, and a recipe limits itself to the most important facts. Nothing extraneous.
Additionally, something that helps is to keep as much of your essay in the present tense as you can. This can be especially strange when you are talking about someone who is dead. Still, “Shakespeare says in Hamlet” is more vivid and feels more relevant than “Shakespeare said…”.

Mind the G.A.P.

One helpful acronym for informative writing is keeping in mind your Genre, Audience, and Purpose (GAP).
The Genre is simply the kind of informational writing you will do. Are you explaining how something works or describing how something works? The two are not necessarily the same thing, and the information that you provide readers should be keyed to the genre in which you are writing. One of the stand outs for an informational essay is facts. You will want to include lots of facts and data in your essay, and prefer these over arguments and opinions (unless the arguments and opinions are part of your facts).
The Audience is often a strange thing for students to think about. Even people who think about and teach academic writing for a profession find the notion of audience strange, since who a writer envisions as an audience is a fictional construction. And though you may write for a general audience, often only an instructor or marker is going to read the work. Still, for an informational essay, the easiest audience to imagine is one where anybody can pick up your essay and understand it and benefit from having read it.
And the Purpose. This is also often silly, since the purpose is to get a good grade. Still, the purpose of providing information is to inform, and in some ways, to teach. If you think of yourself not as a writer but as an information provider (like a tour guide) then your essay will be set on the right path.
And if you aren’t certain about what goes into an informative essay we recommend acquiring a model essay to serve you as a guide.

Could you use a little help with your informative essay?
Helping you achieve the grades you want at university is what we’re here to do. Are you in search of a First in your next essay assignment? Our Essay Writing Service is designed to help you succeed by matching you with an academic who’s an expert in your field of study, and who can work with you every step of the way.


Writing to inform | Oxbridge Essays

Essays are written to inform. Essentially, the written material that you provide conveys information from you, the writer/author to other persons, usually a professor or instructor, and sometimes peers and colleagues. Even the loosest of writing projects, like the personal essay or creative non-fiction assignments, are responsible for a transfer of information.
What many new writers do not understand, and despite low marks, some are never informed or ever realise, that all academic writing hangs on the presentation of clear and accurate information. The vast majority of essays are written to inform. These essays can be used to inform readers on seemingly factual information; the life cycle of a fruit-fly, for instance. But even a writing prompt that involves taking a position (e.g. ‘what is your view of Brexit?’ or ‘Coffee in the morning: how much is too much?’) makes an underlying request for information.

So, what can you do to ensure that you receive the highest marks on informational writing assignments?

First, follow the conventions. Conventions in writing, especially academic writing, are a form of politeness. It seems strange, no doubt, but presenting your essay in a way that does not stand out is a way of telling readers (i.e. professors) that you respect them as readers of your essay and want to make the process of reading your work as straightforward and comfortable possible.
This means, basically, not going rogue with your formatting or structure. Standard fonts and margins, usually apply here. You should have a title that tells the reader what the essay is about, usual identification markers. Sure, this all sounds like no-brainer stuff, but you would be astounded at the number of students that hand in essays that want their work to stand apart under the assumption that doing so will garner a higher mark. Turning in an essay written in comic sans will not help your grade! If all the essays written for the course were laid out on a table, at a glance none of them should look much different from the others.
A further convention that you want to follow is that of structure. In a academic writing all discussion of structure works on three levels. First, there is the sentence structure. Second, we have the paragraph structure. Third and lastly, we have the essay structure. In longer forms of work, a thesis for instance, we might talk about the structure of particular sections, but for the most part the same points as that of essay structure apply.
Let’s look at each of these.

Sentence structure

If you are writing to inform your primary objective is to convey information in a clear and straightforward way. This amounts to writing sentences that are clear and straightforward. Many students are often concerned with notions of style and will assume that the more they write like Henry James (or James Joyce!) the better their writing is.
But what is style? A writing style is basically just the way you control the presentation of information and ideas in your writing. When it comes to conveying information the longer a sentence becomes, often the more cumbersome the information. One of the conventions of a clear writing style is thus to vary your sentence length. It can have a stronger impact on the reader to use 2-4 shortish sentences and then a long one, instead of a series of all long or short sentences. Even just thinking of reading either of those seems tedious.
You will also want to consider your word choices. Does the vocabulary fit the topic? Do you repeat or overuse any key words or expressions. Have you used archaisms unnecessarily? At any rate, the first place you want to strive for clarity. Not surprisingly, in writing to inform, students in maths and science are often able to write the most clearly.

Paragraph structure

All sentences grouped around one main idea form a paragraph which is separated from other groups of sentences. Each paragraph needs to be about one thing, and you should indicate what that one thing is in the first, or less often, second sentence (so-called topic sentences). The remaining sentences support the statement made by the topic sentence. The final sentence usually transitions to the next paragraph idea.

Essay structure

Lastly, we have the structure of the essay as a whole. Basically, you need a beginning, a middle, and an end. And each of these sections needs to feel and read like a beginning, a middle, and an end. But these sections are more commonly referred to as an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. The simplest way to think of these sections in an essay and their functions is like this: tell your readers what you plan to tell them (introduction), then tell the readers what you need to tell them (body), then tell your readers what you have told them (conclusion). It really is that simple. Essentially, this kind of structure in essays is a way of packaging information so that it can be best understood. There is content and form, structure provides the form, and the two work together. Good content in a poorly structured essay is not an effective way of informing readers.

Be focused

Within the essay you need to ensure a logical continuity of thought. If you are informing readers about, for instance, the relationship between salt intake and physical health, you do not want to make a foray into the history of salt, its production in India, how Bede left a small packet to his brother monks when he died (because it was so rare), and so on. All of this could be informative, but it is not relevant to the topic. When writing to inform you absolutely must make it a priority to stay focused and on task, no matter how tempting or interesting any asides might be.
Nevertheless, you do want to provide, in as much as it may matter, an overall understanding of the issue at hand. If the task is to provide a overall information, and not just a position or argument, you will want to take a more balanced approach. This can be particularly challenging when discussing divisive or galvanising political, religious, or social issues. One of the things that you should strive for in your academic writing, whether you are writing to inform or put forward an argument, is objectivity. When presenting other positions or contrary arguments, it is best to take a clear, neutral, and factual approach. And where you might disagree, never attack or denounce a person directly.

Be informative

You want to give readers as much information as possible; however, you want to present the information in a way that is clear and accessible. One of the standard models for this kind of ‘delivery’ is the baking recipe. When looking at a recipe there is usually a short and relevant introduction to what is being baked. Then a step by step guide for how to reproduce the dish. All of the information is expressed in a clear and ordered way, and a recipe limits itself to the most important facts. Nothing extraneous.
Additionally, something that helps is to keep as much of your essay in the present tense as you can. This can be especially strange when you are talking about someone who is dead. Still, “Shakespeare says in Hamlet” is more vivid and feels more relevant than “Shakespeare said…”.

Mind the G.A.P.

One helpful acronym for informative writing is keeping in mind your Genre, Audience, and Purpose (GAP).
The Genre is simply the kind of informational writing you will do. Are you explaining how something works or describing how something works? The two are not necessarily the same thing, and the information that you provide readers should be keyed to the genre in which you are writing. One of the stand outs for an informational essay is facts. You will want to include lots of facts and data in your essay, and prefer these over arguments and opinions (unless the arguments and opinions are part of your facts).
The Audience is often a strange thing for students to think about. Even people who think about and teach academic writing for a profession find the notion of audience strange, since who a writer envisions as an audience is a fictional construction. And though you may write for a general audience, often only an instructor or marker is going to read the work. Still, for an informational essay, the easiest audience to imagine is one where anybody can pick up your essay and understand it and benefit from having read it.
And the Purpose. This is also often silly, since the purpose is to get a good grade. Still, the purpose of providing information is to inform, and in some ways, to teach. If you think of yourself not as a writer but as an information provider (like a tour guide) then your essay will be set on the right path.
And if you aren’t certain about what goes into an informative essay we recommend acquiring a model essay to serve you as a guide.
Could you use a little help with your informative essay?
Helping you achieve the grades you want at university is what we’re here to do. Are you in search of a First in your next essay assignment? Our Essay Writing Service is designed to help you succeed by matching you with an academic who’s an expert in your field of study, and who can work with you every step of the way.