GENOCIDE- Western values

1. “The first Europeans to visit the (se)…continents…like the Nazis after them produced many volumes of…racist apologia for the genocidal Holocaust they carried out. [The Indians were] dark…sinful…unchristian inhabitants of the nether territories of humanity…contact with whom…threatened morally fatal contamination…God’s desire, which became the Christians’ marching orders, was that such dangerous beasts must be annihilated. Elie Wiesel is right; on the way to Auschwitz, the pathway led straight to the heart of the Indies and of North and South America.” (Stannard, p.246). Therefore:

a. Summarize the specific Western values (especially surrounding sex, race and science or pseudosciences) which were used to dehumanize Native Americans both individually and culturally;

b. Select the specific ways in which the Europeans and the Americans implemented the genocide of the American Indian; and

c. In evaluating the legacy of the aftereffects of the Native-American Genocide discuss which course theme–societal, cultural or science—was the most effective tool or means in understanding the nature of this genocide in its various aspects .

2. The Yugoslav Civil W during the 1990s which witnessed the of the Republic raised the specter again of genocide on the European continent. Most commentators agree that the interactions of the Bosnians-Herzegovinians with the Serbs, Croats, Slovenians, Montenegrins, Macedonians and Albanians, both within and without their Republic, was entangled with all sides sharing responsibility for unfolding of events. Therefore:
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a) Evaluate what you feel was the primary cause(s) of the civil war with the various episodes of ethnic cleansing;

 

b) Describe the various major episodes of ethnic cleansing throughout the Civil War and evaluate whether these were war crimes or genuine instances of genocide; and

c) In evaluating the legacy of the Yugoslav Civil War discuss which course theme–societal, cultural or science—was the most effective tool or means in understanding the phenomenon of what has now known as “ethnic cleansing.”

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