Updated on August 14, 2009 AMELIA T. LANIBA moreContact Author Mathematics is the study of numbers, and counting, and measuring, but that is only the beginning. Mathematics involves the study of number patterns and relationships, too. It is also a way to communicate ideas, and perhaps more than anything, it is a way of reasoning that is unique to human beings. Mathematics is divided into pure or theoretical mathematics, and applied mathematics. One of the very useful branches of mathematics is Algebra. Originally, it was no more than generalized arithmetic. Arithmetic deals with numbers, which may be divided into real numbers and complex numbers. Mathematics plays a vital role in the modernization of this civilization. It is every where and affects the everyday lives of people. Although it is abstract and theoretical knowledge, it emerges from the real world. Mathematics is one of the essential and basic areas of the college curriculum which has a wide field of subject matter. In education, mathematics plays an important role. It is the study of numbers the relationship between these number and various operations performed on them. It is the science of quantity, size and shape.

It is also a way to communicate and analyze ideas, a tool for organizing and interpreting data and above all, perhaps a method of logical reasoning unique to man. Mathematics is a necessary part of other sciences. Some think of mathematics as a collection of rules and procedures to be learned and applied for basic living. From this perspective, the teaching of mathematics relies on those methods best suited to promote the acquisition of skills. Others see mathematics as a basis for developing critical thinking and problem solving skills. From this second perspective which is closely aligned to the NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics) standards, teacher education encourages reflection and promotes attention to critical thinking. How a community defines mathematics affects what, and how mathematics gets taught in the local schools. This type of instruction is based on detailed knowledge of student’s construction of mathematical knowledge and reasoning.

Solutions in mathematical problems doesn’t limit on a single pattern or method. Students has to choose their preference as to which they find easier to express their answers. According to the National Research Council, much of the failure in school mathematics is due to a tradition of teaching that is inappropriate to the way most students learn. Mathematics has been regarded as essential to a liberal education at least since Plato maintained that proficiency in Mathematics was a prerequisite for the study of philosophy. Today, a good education in mathematics is important because of its usefulness in careers such as environmental studies, business, engineering, medicine, and psychology, as well as in the biological, mathematical, and physical sciences. Leinhart as cited by Abne, et. The ability to deal with mathematical problem can easily be performed through mastery of the basic concepts of mathematics. According to Sheperd and Rogan as cited by Almonia et. This supports to John Dewey’s experiential learning which states that experience is the best source of learning. The best way to learn is by experience. Therefore in order for the students to learn mathematics, they should actually do the operations in mathematics (Lomarda et.

The state shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. The teachers are the instrument in providing good education to the students and mold them into competent individuals. One of the primary factors of man that has to be developed is the mental faculty. Therefore the teacher must utilize the most effective instruction which could promote maximum learning. Science and Technology are essential for national development and progress. The state shall give priority to research and development, invention, innovation, and their utilization and to science and technology, education, training and services. It shall support indigenous appropriate and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities and their application to the country’s productive systems and national life. Science and Technology cannot stand without mathematics. Thus mathematics should be utilized correctly in the realization of national benefits for science and technology and the people in general.

It is an accepted fact that mathematics is the queen of all sciences. Stepelman as cited by Almonia et. It is also an accepted fact that mathematics is the queen of all sciences. Mathematics is always involved in every move of science, without it, science cannot stand alone. Inventions have been discovered and innovations developed through mathematics. The constitution directs the state to promote scientific research and technology, it is therefore important that mathematics will be fully utilized in exact and accurate way. It is in mathematics where science and technology complete the advancement essential for national development and progress. Christian Wolff’s mind theory as cited by Almonia et. Hence, mental power can be further developed when it is used and applied in every situation specially in solving problems. Thus, the student can learn to love mathematics simply by observing the behaviors of some one who shows great interest and passion in the subject.