The first Quarto edition was published in 1604. In1616, an enlarged edition of the play was published containing many comics scenes that were absent in 1604 edition. The first Quarto edition was published in 1604. In1616, an enlarged edition of the play was published containing many comics scenes that were absent in 1604 edition. The contemporary editions of Doctor Faustus depend upon both the above versions of the play. There are several conflicting traditions at the dramatic core of Doctor Faustus. There is evidence of the influence of the traditions of orthodox Christianity, of the reformation, the Renaissance, of Paganism, of individualism and the incipient scientific modernity. The strength of the play lies in its disturbing impact on the audience, both Elizabethan and modern. Doctor Faustus explains a moment in history. Its tragedy is a national or cultural predicament. It is the dramatic story of human presumption, temptation, and damnation and fall. Doctor Faustus is a tragic version of heroic human possibilities where Faustus is the antithesis of the protagonists of morality plays. Where the morality play heroes were passionless, Faustus was passionate. If morality heroes are self effacing human beings, Faustus is superhuman in his ambitions.
Doctor Faustus is a Christian morality play. It signaled the refashioning of the morality play. The play is a human tragedy for not only is Faustus tragically constituted in his boundless ambitions but, the same time, the play questions the effectiveness of the cultural aspirations that shape his ambitions. The play provides a complex interaction between the human dimensions of the dramatic character and the ambiguities and ambivalences of the cultural situation the character is placed in. The play is played out in five Acts. Act I establishes Faustus tragedy. Act II unfolds his tragedy in greater detail. The egocentric self temptation of Act I give way to an agonizing conflict between the religiously constituted self and the aberrations of its human impulses. Faustus despairs in God, a despair that makes him continue his self indulgence for which the King of Devils provides the fascination and the means. As despair leads to the self indulgent belief that divine providence as well as divine wrath cannot reach him, Faustus signs the pact with the devil giving away his soul in return for his services. The course of Faustus rebellion through the third and the fourth Acts is totally unheroic. Faustus seeks and Mephistopheles plans a series of comic indulgences mainly to distract the formers mind from the tormenting religious awareness. As Faustus reaches his rebellious and tragic death in Act V, the nature of his death and the attendant torment bespeaks a magnificent tragedy. The tragic conflict does not abate till the end. The play is a static play of tragic irresolution. The play stagnates in the middle sections of the third and fourth Acts, so much so that it distracts the audience. Though loose in form and disjointed in its dramatic power, Doctor Faustus has huge appeal even in the 21st century.
In ‘The Story of Salem with Trials’, author Bryan F Le Beau provides detailed account and explanation of the outbreak of witchcraft in Salem Village. The writer has very pointedly analyzed and explained witch hunts and witch trials. All the analysis and explanation provided by him are very feasible. Reasons for Salem witch hunt still remains a mystery. Historians have put forward multitude of theories; but everybody is at one that Salem witch hunt occurred during the period economical, political, religious overhaul and changing principles and ways of life. Naturally all these circumstances must have had an adverse effect on the Salem residents. A vicious atmosphere of tense and suspicious mentality spread throughout the village. Villages became extremely selfish and self-interested. The youth must have had the maximum impact of all this. At the age when they are supposed to be dreaming about their future, they already started feeling insecure about it.
They were at a loss as to how to secure their future. They must have felt utterly helpless and miserable. To make it worse, entire Europe staunchly believed in the existence of Devil and witches at that time. Maybe girls like Betty or Abigail might have learnt about the effects and symptoms of witch spell cast or black magic from Tituba or books. Once it is set in your mind that you are suffering from so-and-so disease, the body might actually start showing those symptoms. The power of mind is enormous. All in all the account and explanation provided the author sound very feasible. The author claims that the outbreak of witch hunt was a result of the hysterical reaction within New England communities. When communities, especially youngsters in the community, react this way, the question is primarily about their fear about their existence, insecurity and repercussions in the future and all unbearable stress that comes with it. When the mind does not find a way out of depression, insecurity, tension and fear, the person becomes hysterical. Once one sees another person in the same situation become hysterical, he/she is also inclined to go the same way.
Even today’s America has faced a similar situation more or less. 1930-1939 which is considered the period of the Great Depression was also full of nightmares and mental depression. The US ecnomy had completely collapsed. Americans were questioning all maxims on which they had their lives – democracy, capitalism, individualism. Fortunately ways were thoughtfully found out of the deadlock and perverse hysteria like witch hunt didn’t repeat itself. America suffered a similar situation during cold war- suspicious atmosphere; fear that anything could happen anytime, uncertainty. Aurther Miller’s play, ‘The Crucible’ is a perfect example of that. Even today’s situation in the USA is not all that encouraging. Economy is in recession. Jobs have been cut across the board. Unemployment is rising. Over and above, there’s now the hanging sword of terrorism by some religious fanatics. Every American is facing insecurity and fear to some extent. Moreover, America is a nation of immigrants. People from different countries and religions have made this country their abode. It could be easy to trigger conflicts in the diversity in the current situation. But that is precisely what we have to learn from the history. We should not repeat the mistakes and blunders of yesteryears. We have to attain Unity in Diversity and face tough times and disasters in the spirit of unity. If we can do this, victory is not too far. All free online research papers, research paper samples and example research papers on Salem with Trials topics are plagiarized and cannot be fully used in your high school, college or university education. 12/page you can order custom written papers online. We work with experienced PhD. Master’s freelance writers to help you with writing any academic papers in any subject! High quality and 100% non-plagiarized papers guaranteed!