QUESTION 1

TOPIC: SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS

Instructions

Select a disease (Pulmonary Tuberculosis – Mycobacterium Tuberculosis) that will be discussed in this course.

Your state (California) health director has asked you to create a new surveillance system to address the unexplained spike in your selected Disease (Pulmonary Tuberculosis – Mycobacterium Tuberculosis).

Respond to your state health director with a 5 page action plan that includes the following:

? A disease that can only be confirmed through laboratory analysis.

? An outline of the key defining characteristics of a good surveillance system.

? A description of national and international best practices for the management of the disease. Be sure to address prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

? An evaluation of the adequacy of the current (if any) surveillance systems.

? A description of how you would improve upon the current surveillance system.

? A description of how your novel surveillance system addresses the inadequacies in the current system.

Use charts and graphs as appropriate.

Your paper MUST conform to APA sixth edition guidelines.

All questions must be direct to the point, professional and thorough.

Answer each question according to bullet points and/or question number.

REFERENCES:

Text

Tibayrenc, Michel. Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases: Modern Methodologies. Wiley-Liss (STMS), 07/2007. 9781118217108.

E-Books
Achord, J. L. (2002). Hepatitis B. In J. L. Achord, Understanding hepatitis (pp. 48?64). Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.
Aggarwal, R. & Naik, S. (2008). Enterically transmitted hepatitis. In M. P. G. Koopmans, D. O. Cliver, & A. Bosch (Eds.), Food-borne viruses: Progress and challenges (pp. 65?85). Washington, DC: ASM Press.
Alic, M. (2013). Foodborne illness. In B. Narins (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of nursing and allied health (pp. 1381?1386). Detroit: Gale.
Chernin, J. (2000). Epidemiology. In J. Chernin, Parasitology (pp. 110?115). New York, NY: Taylor and Francis Routledge.
Cliver, D. O. (2008). Historic overview of food virology. In M. P. G. Koopmans, D. O. Cliver, & A. Bosch (Eds.), Food-borne viruses: Progress and challenges (pp. 1?28). Washington, DC: ASM Press.
Committee on Environmental Epidemiology. (1991). Air exposures. In Committee on Environmental Epidemiology, Environmental epidemiology: Volume 1: Public health and hazardous wastes (pp. 157?178). Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Comstock, G. W. (2000). Epidemiology of tuberculosis. In L. B. Reichman & E. S. Hershfield (Eds.), Tuberculosis: A comprehensive international approach (2nd ed.) (pp. 117?142). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker.

Dennis, D. T. & Hayes, E. B. (2002). Epidemiology of lyme borreliosis. In J. Gray, O. Kahl, R. S. Lane, & G. Stanek (Eds.), Lyme borreliosis: Biology, epidemiology and control (pp. 251?280). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CABI Publishing.
Fields, B. N. (1996). Pathogenesis of viral infections. In S. S. Morse (Ed.), Emerging viruses (pp. 69?78). Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Fong, I. W., & Kolia, M. (2003). MRSA in the 21st century: Emerging challenges. In I. W. Fong & K. Drlica (Eds.), Reemergence of established pathogens in the 21st century (pp. 99?154) . New York, NY: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Grosset, J., Truffot-Pernot, C., & Cambau, E. (2000). Bacteriology of tuberculosis. In L. B. Reichman & E. S. Hershfield (Eds.), Tuberculosis: A comprehensive international approach (2nd ed.) (pp. 143?169). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker.
Hayes, E. B. & Schriefer, M. E. (2002). Vaccination against lyme borreliosis. In J. Gray, O. Kahl, R. S. Lane, & G. Stanek (Eds.), Lyme borreliosis: Biology, epidemiology and control (pp. 281?300). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CAB International.
Healey, B. J. & Walker, K. T. ( 2009). Communicable diseases. In B. J. Healey & K. T. Walker, Introduction to occupational health in public health practice (pp. 199?214). Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass.
Healey, B. J. & Walker, K. T. (2009). Occupational health disparities. In B. J. Healey & K. T. Walker, Introduction to occupational health in public health practice (pp. 233?257). Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass.
Healey, B. J., & Walker, K. T. ( 2009). Stress. In B. J. Healey & K. T. Walker, Introduction to occupational health in public health practice (pp. 111?123). Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass.
Hunter, P. R. (2009). Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium and Giardia infections. In G. Ortega-Pierres, S. M. Cacci?, R. Fayer, T. G. Mank, H. V. Smith, & R. C. A. Thompson (Eds.)., Giardia and cryptosporidium: From molecules to disease (pp. 138?146). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CAB International.
Kortbeek, L. M. (2009). Clinical presentation in Cryptosporidium-infected patients. In G. Ortega-Pierres, S. M. Cacci?, R. Fayer, T. G. Mank, H. V. Smith, & R. C. A. Thompson (Eds.)., Giardia and cryptosporidium: From molecules to disease (pp. 131?137). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CAB International.

Lattanzi, M. & Rappuoli, R. (2004). Vaccination: Past, present, and future. In G. Grandi (Ed.), Genomics, proteomics, and vaccines (pp. 3?22). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
McNeill, W. H. (1996). Patterns of disease emergence in history. In S. S. Morse (Ed.), Emerging viruses (pp. 29?36). Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Mohammed, H. O. & Wade, S. E. (2009). The risk of zoonotic genotypes of Cryptosporidium spp. in watersheds. In G. Ortega-Pierres, S. M. Cacci?, R. Fayer, T. G. Mank, H. V. Smith, & R. C. A. Thompson (Eds.)., Giardia and cryptosporidium: From molecules to disease (pp. 123?130). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CAB International.
Ryff, C. D. & Singer, B. H. (2001). Integrating emotion into the study of social relationships and health. In C. D. Ryff & B. H. Singer, Emotion, social relationships, and health (pp. 3?22). Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Seeman, T. (2001). How do others get under our skin? Social relationships and health. In C. D. Ryff & B. H. Singer, Emotion, social relationships, and health (pp. 189?220). Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Serruto, D., Rappuoli, R. & Pizza, M. (2004). Meningococcus B: From genome to vaccine. In G. Grandi (Ed.), Genomics, proteomics, and vaccines (pp. 185?204). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Shope, R. E. & Evans, A. S. (1996). Assessing geographic and transport factors, and recognition of new viruses. In S. S. Morse (Ed.), Emerging viruses (pp. 109?119). Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Silman, A. J., & Macfarlane, G. J. (2002). Collecting information. In A. J. Silman & G. J. Macfarlane, Epidemiological studies (2nd ed.) (pp. 103?110). Port Chester, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Sockett, P. N. (2002). Food-borne diseases. In L. Breslow (Ed.), Encyclopedia of public health (pp. 452?455). New York: Macmillan Reference USA.
Stafford, K. C. & Kitron, U. (2002). Environmental management for lyme borreliosis control. In J. Gray, O. Kahl, R. S. Lane, & G. Stanek (Eds.), Lyme borreliosis: Biology, epidemiology and control (pp. 301?334). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CABI Publishing.
Taylor, S. N. & Martin, D. H. (2007). Infections. In J. D. Klausner & E. W. Hook (Eds.), Current diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (pp. 69?137). Blacklick, OH: McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division.
Tibayrenc, M. (2007). Encyclopedia of infectious diseases: Modern methodologies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Note: The Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases text is available electronically through the VitalSource Bookshelf. To access links this e-reading, go to your e-books pageon iGuide. You can find additional information about downloading e-books on this iGuide resource page.
Van-Tam, J. (2010). Seasonal influenza: Epidemiology, clinical features and surveillance. In Van-Tam, J., & Sellwood, C. (Eds.), Introduction to pandemic influenza (pp. 1?13). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CABI Publishing.
Webber, R., (2005). Control principles and methods. In R. Webber, Communicable disease epidemiology and control: A global perspective (pp. 32?61). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CABI International.
Webber, R., (2005). Control strategy and organization. In R. Webber, Communicable disease epidemiology and control: A global perspective (pp. 62?72). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CABI International.
WHO Expert Committee on the Control of Chagas Disease. (2002). Control of Chagas disease: Second report of the WHO Expert Committee. Albany, NY: World Health Organization.
Articles
Library
The following required readings are provided to you in the Capella University Library. Ask a Librarian for assistance with any of these resources.
Barreto, M. L., Teixeira, M. G., & Carmo, E. H. (2006). Infectious diseases epidemiology. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(3), 192?195.
De Vreese, L. (2009). Epidemiology and causation. Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy, 12(3), 345?353.
Kramer, L. D., Li, J., & Shi, P-Y. (2007). West Nile virus. Lancet Neurology, 6(2), 171?181.
MacDonald, P. F. (2007). The MMR vaccine controversy?Winners, losers, impact and challenges. British Journal of Infection Control, 8(1), 18?22.

Internet
These required articles are available on the Internet. Please note that URLs change frequently. While the URLs were current when this course was designed, some may no longer be valid. If you cannot access a specific link, contact your instructor for an alternative URL. Permissions for the following links have been either granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.
Arguin, P. M., Navin, A. W., Steele, S. F., Weld, L. H., & Kozarsky, P. E. (2004). Health communication during SARS. Emerging Infectious Diseases. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0812.htm
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. (2010). STD/STI framing conversation report. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/std/health-disparities/Framing_Report.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004). Steps of an outbreak investigation. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/excite/classroom/outbreak/steps.htm
Monta?o, D. E., Kasprzyk, D., Carlin, L., & Freeman, C. (2005). HPV provider survey: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices about genital HPV infection and related conditions. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/std/HP/HPVProviderSurveyExecSum.pdf
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1982). A cluster of Kaposi’s sarcoma and pneumocystis carinii pneumonia among homosexual male residents of Los Angeles and Orange counties, California. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001114.htm
Outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome?Worldwide, 2003. (2003). Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5211a5.htm
Optional
The following optional materials are offered to provide you with a better understanding of the topics in this course. These materials are not required to complete the course.
Optional Books
Use the Journal and Book Locator tool to see if the library has access to the book or the How Do I Find Books? library guide for additional options.
Sellwood, C. (2010). Brief history and epidemiological features of pandemic influenza. In Van-Tam, J., & Sellwood, C. (Eds.), Introduction to pandemic influenza (pp. 41?56). Wallington, Oxon, GBR: CABI Publishing.

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