The impact of online programs and types of institution on student success.
IV: Online Programs (online and hybrid)/ Types of Institution (for profit, nonprofit, public)
DV: Student Success (Graduation Rate)
2×3 Anova. (2) 100% online/hybrid programs (3) public/non-profit/for-profit
Parts of the Dissertation
The dissertation should consist of the following parts: (1) the Preliminaries (preface pages), (2) the Text (manuscript), (3) Appendix, and (4) the Reference section. The following outline lists the order in which the dissertation should be arranged.
Updated 9/2014
Preliminaries (use small Roman Numerals)
a. Title Page – not numbered but counted as (i) (see Exhibit A)
b. Dissertation Committee Approval Sheet (ii) (see Exhibit B)
c. Copyright Page (not numbered)
d. Table of Contents (iii) (see Exhibit C)
e. List of Tables (with titles and page numbers)
f. List of Illustrations (with titles and page numbers)
g. List of Symbols (with appropriate legends)
h. Vita (Exhibit D)
i. Dedication and/or Acknowledgements
Text (Arabic Numbers)
a. CHAPTER 1 – Introduction
b. CHAPTER 2 – History and/or Literary Review or Related Literature
c. CHAPTER 3 – Design of the Study
d. CHAPTER 4 – Results and Discussion
e. CHAPTER 5 – Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
(Type Chapter Titles in ALL CAPS)
Appendix (Arabic Numbers) a. Title of Appendix
References/Bibliography (Arabic Numbers)
Bibliography (Campbell’s format) or References (APA format)
Additional Documents Required
a. Abstract of the Study
b. Journal Article
Typing the Dissertation
3. 4.
The body of the dissertation and the abstract must be double-spaced. Do not double-space footnotes, bibliographies, and tables (follow format prescribed by an authority). Long quotations should be single-spaced and indented at both margins. With this arrangement double quotation marks are not used, except in a series of quotation from different writers or to set off a quotation
within a quotation.
Typing Paper
White bond, 8 1/2″ x 11″, opaque (original and copies 20 pound weight). The paper should be at least 100% cotton. Photocopy or Corrasable paper must not be used. Paper should be uniform throughout the dissertation. Corrections or inserts in ink are not acceptable. The use of Ko-Rec-Type or Liquid Paper is not acceptable.
Type Face (font or elements)
The size and type face must be consistent throughout the dissertation. Type size cannot be larger than 12 points. The type size can be 10 points in tables even though another type face is used in the main body of the dissertation. Illustrations may be reduced photographically as needed. Laser Jet Printers should be used and checked for toner. Dot matrix printing is not acceptable.
Use a dry copying process with 20-pound bond paper with at least 100% cotton. No others are acceptable. The following types of reproduction may be used if prints are clear and black:
Xerox, Mimeograph, and word processing. For the Xerox and word processing process, 20-pound bond paper with at least 100 percent cotton must be used. Blueprints are not acceptable.
The main body of the dissertation must be double-spaced, except for footnotes, bibliographies and tables. Use indented margins for long quotations; this eliminates the use of double quotation marks, except for a series of quotations from different writers or to indicate a quotation within a quotation.
Using 81⁄2 x 11 inch paper, a margin of at least one inch (1″) deep must be provided for the upper (top), lower (bottom), and right-hand sides and a margin of one and one-half inches (11⁄2″) must be allowed for the left-hand side. Thus, the text and page number are within the remaining 6 x 9 inch area. These margins must be used throughout the manuscript. Pages which carry major headings or chapter titles should begin at least two inches (2″) from the top. Justifying right-hand margin is not required. Do not leave large gaps within lines of text.
Page Numbers
Every page, except the Title Page and the Copyright Page must be numbered. The Title Page is
counted but not numbered on the page. The Copyright Page is not counted nor numbered.
The following format must be used in numbering the pages of the dissertation.
1. The section of the dissertation which carries the preliminaries should be numbered using small Roman Numerals (e.g., ii, iii, iv) placed at the bottom center. Thus, the Dissertation Committee Approval Page would be number (ii), the Table of Contents (iii), etc. (See Page 2 for format.)
Updated 9/2014
2. Arabic Numbers are used for numbering pages of the text in the dissertation. Every page must be numbered consecutively from 1 to the end of the dissertation. Numbers are placed in the upper right-hand corner within the 6 x 9 inch area. Pages which carry major headings and chapter titles are numbered at the bottom of the page centered. The position of the number should be consistently followed, as indicated above, for all pages including those which bear illustrations, tables, etc.
3. Dissertations which require two volumes should carry the same Title Page for both with the addition of the words “Volume II” to the Title of the second volume. Both Roman Numerals and Arabic Numbers should be used in the manner indicated above and these should follow consecutively those numbers of the first volume. Again, the Title Page of the second volume is counted but not numbered. Small Roman Numerals are used for the remainder of the preface pages in Volume II of the dissertation. Thus, if “vi” is the last Roman Numeral used in Volume I, then the Title Page of Volume II would be counted (but not numbered) as “vii”, etc. A Table of Contents should be included in Volume II.
Illustrations (Tables, Graphs, Charts, etc.)
All tables, graphs, plates, charts, etc., must bear numerical identification, as well as legends and captions. These should be labeled consecutively. For example, Figure 1 should be followed by Figure 2 (using Arabic Numbers). Plate I should be followed by Plate II (using Roman Numerals); and Table 1 should be followed by Table 2 (using Arabic Numbers), etc. Numerical identification should be typed outside the area of the data presented in the table or chart but within the 1⁄2 inch typing space. Arabic Numbers should be used for tables and figures, and Roman Numerals for plates, charts, maps, and graphs. Use the same style consistently for captions throughout the manuscript. Do not use a letter suffix, such as 7a, 8a, etc., for any tables, figures, equations, etc.
Descriptions of illustrations that are too long to be placed below the illustration should be placed on the preceding page, above the center of the page and labeled with the figure number. Such legend pages should be numbered at the bottom center and typed on the same quality of paper as used throughout the manuscript. Use abbreviated table captions or figure legends for listing in the preliminaries. If a table is continued on another page, a line should be drawn below the table only when it is completed. See authority’s format for tables which are continued on more than one page.
Footnotes to Tables
Footnotes to tables should appear immediately below the tables, not at the bottom of the page with the text footnotes. Use small letters (“a”, “b”, “c”, etc.) for footnotes to illustrations. Text footnotes usually carry Arabic Numbers. An asterisk may be used to footnote illustrations if none of the tables in the manuscript has more than one footnote. Double and triple asterisks may be used if it is a universal symbol applicable to a particular field of study.
Updated 9/2014
Closely related figures should be listed as a unit on one plate. Arrange legends in inverted pyramid style either above or below the illustration. Consistency should be followed throughout in the placement of legends. Each figure in the plate should be labeled with a small letter.
Illustrations should be identical in all copies of the dissertation; photographic processes of duplication should be used. Do not use blueprint or non-permanent duplication processes, such as those prepared by the ammonia process (e.g., Ozalid). Avoid using mounted illustrations; page size illustrations are preferred. If possible, legends should be a part of the photography. Other acceptable reproduction processes are: Xerox, Mimeograph, and word processing.
The ink should be opaque and black when used in the preparation of drawings and graphs. Avoid using color variation for the identification of various parts of a drawing. It is better to use lines and symbols.
Illustrative or tabular materials should be of a size that would conform to the 6 x 9 inch text dimensions. If necessary, photographic processes may be used to reduce illustrations to the proper size. In some cases, it may be necessary to use a foldout to extend the right side of an illustration. The material to be folded should be mounted on a regular sheet of 81⁄2 x 11 inch paper, leaving the required margin of one and one-half inches on the left side, and placing the fold, one and one-quarter inches (11⁄4″) from the right edge of the page. The page numbers should be placed on the mounting sheet. Illustrations smaller than 81⁄2 x 11 inches must be mounted using a dry mounting process. Do not use transparent tape or staples for mounting illustrations.
Footnotes and Bibliographical/References List
The footnoting format should be consistent throughout the manuscript and conform to that of a standard, recognized authoritative reference, for example, a recognized professional journal, style manual, etc. The authoritative reference used for footnoting should also be the same as that used for reference citations or bibliographical references. Footnote references may be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript or throughout each chapter. They may be placed in the body of the text or at the bottom of the appropriate page; these are better locations than at the end of chapters. Surnames of authors should be given first in bibliographies or reference lists.
Use of Copyrighted Material
The dissertation will be microfilmed by University Microfilms International and this, in effect, constitutes publication. Thus, University Microfilms has indicated that “writers of dissertations must assume full responsibility for their use of any copyrighted material in their manuscripts. Written permission of the copyright owner must be obtained when extensive use is contemplated.” “Extensive use” denotes more than 150 words in direct quotation from a single source.
Candidates should obtain permission to quote extensively from copyrighted materials. Such permission should be obtained from the author or from the publisher holding the copyright. Most likely authorization will be granted provided proper acknowledgement is given. However, some authors require payment for the use of extensive quotations from their copyrighted work.
Size of Dissertations
Dissertations that exceed 400 pages probably will require binding in two volumes. If the Updated 9/2014
dissertation is 21⁄2 inches or less in thickness when pressed down slightly it can probably be bound in one volume.
Abstract of the Dissertation
An abstract is a summary of the dissertation and should provide a brief synoptic overview of the contents of the dissertation. The abstract should be written in essay form and include a statement of the problem, the procedure or methods used, results and conclusions; it should not exceed 350 words, about 21⁄2 pages; most should be shorter. Do not use subheads, outlines, enumerations, or itemizations; nor should the abstract include tables, charts, diagrams, or footnotes. Mathematical formulas and other illustrative materials are not recommended for the printed abstract. The rules pertaining to margin size and page numbering previously described for the text should be followed in the abstract format (see page 3). The heading of the abstract should be arranged as indicated in Exhibit E of these guidelines.

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