This is a preview of an assignment submited on our website by a student. If you need help with this question or any assignment help, click on the order button below and get started. We guarantee quality, 100% plagiarism free work or your money back.
roughly five paragraphs: introduction, body, and conclusion
Synthesize at least 3 specific examples from the lectures and 1 specific example from the focal texts.
The first half of our course loosely followed the history of Western architecture through the study of “monuments”—religious, civic, and leisure spaces and buildings that challenged the status quo that architecture was simply a means of shelter. Our claim was that these “monuments” are evidence that architecture can represent something other than itself; that buildings can have philosophical, religious, and political significance. Using specific examples from the course (including architectural projects, representations, and/or texts), argue for or against this position. How is architecture different from mere “building” or “construction”? Consider the importance of history and theory relative to design practice.
You can choose from the following…
Lectures topics that were presented:
1. prehistory to near east: Sites of shelter, Dwelling, and Ritual.
2. Ancient Eygpt: Pyramids and Temples.
3. The Bronze Age Aegean: Maritime and Military.
4. Ancient Greece: Poleis and Propaganda.
5. Ancient Rome: Empire, Entertainment, and Excess.
6. Early Christianity and the Byzantine Empire.
7. The Rise of Islam
8. The Romanesque and Gothic.
Buildings that were presented in the lectures:
Çatalhöyük, Konya Plain, Southern Turkey, ca 7400-6000 BCE
Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England, ca 2900-1400 BCE
Ziggurat of Ur-Nammu, Ur, Mesopotamia (Iraq), ca 2100 BCE
Stepped Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt, ca 2650 BCE, Imhotep
Sneferu’s Bent Pyramid, Meidum, ca 2550 BCE
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Dei el Bahari, Egypt, ca 1480 BCE, Senmut
Temples at Abu Simbel, ca 1250 BCE
Complex of the Palace/Temple at Knossos, Crete, ca 1450 BCE
Lion Gate at Mycenae, 1600-1200 BCE
City of Delphi, Greece, major sites 7th century – 4th century BCE
Second Temple of Hera, Paestum, Southern Italy, ca 460-450 BCE
Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, 447-432 BCE, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Erechtheion, Athenian Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 421-406 BCE
Tomb of Eurysaces, Porta Maggiore, Rome, ca 50-20 BCE
Maison Carée, Nîmes, France, ca 2 CE
Colosseum, Rome, ca 70-80 CE, Vespasian and Titus
Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli, Italy, ca 110-130 CE
Pantheon, Rome, ca 125 CE, Emperor Hadrian?
Baths of Caracalla, Rome, ca 212-217 CE, Caracalla
Old St. Peter’s, Vatican City, 326 CE
Santa Costanza, Rome, 338-350 CE
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul), 532-537, Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus
Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain, 785-1000, Christian Cathedral added 1523
Basilica of Saint Denis, Suburbs of Paris, 1137-1144, Abbot Suger
Notre Dame de Paris, Paris, France, 1163-1345 CE