Park Slope Brooklyn from the 1970 to present day till now how its changed is it good or bad?

Here are some basic elements and tips for a well-crafted and thesis-bearing introduction

In our previous class, we have conducted a library session during which students were asked to come up with three key words that represent your topic of interests. Amongst common interests are topics of gender inequality, harassment and prejudice based on gender, and sexuality, and war and trauma. At this stage, preliminary research and readings of academic journals and articles (at minimum of three good ones) is beneficial for you to refine the broad category of your research into more manageable and researchable one.

  1. Based on your key words, students find the academic journal articles and books relevant to your interests.

(1)          First read the title of the article and then read its abstract. And find out whether the journal of the article is social science or humanities. Prioritize them the first.

(2)          This research undertaking helps you to refine your own interests by consulting other literature on the topic.

(3)          Garner your thoughts and ideas and write them down in notes while or immediately after the reading. This is the first and initial stage of the writing.

  1. Based on the notes and readings, sit down and write the first draft of the introduction.

(1)          Find a peaceful and quiet environment where you would not be disturbed.

(2)          Give yourself at least 30 minutes of browsing over your notes and giving a try of the thoughts. This time, use all writing prompt questions distributed in the class.

(3)          Organize your thoughts into several big elements by asking yourself “what, when, where, who, why, how questions” of the phenomena.

(4)          Write a general overview of the phenomena into one paragraph. What’s a common understanding of X (your topic of interest)? Quote other research findings. Some statistics or a historical trend about the phenomena might be useful here.

(5)          Indicate why we have to study X. Use your own personal experience and observation accrued over your life time to start but ends with other research to back up the importance of study.

(6)          What is your refined topic of interest? Here good introduction indicates specific questions that you can manage to explore in your research.

(7)          How do you plan to study X? Why “oral history” is pertinent to your study? With whom do you plan to conduct an oral history collection? (Make a reference to the main text : Recording Oral History)

(8)          Think about the significance of the study X to a contemporary US and global society.

Once you complete the draft, leave it until the next day. On the following day, again, create an environment that you can focus on thinking and writing. And review what you have written based on the aforementioned criteria.



III. Revise


Are they sound?

Does each paragraph deliver one idea followed by evidence and information related to it?

Is each paragraph logical?


Revise your thoughts and ideas. For some people, revision takes more than one visits.


  1. Create a bibliography of the reference that you have used in text.


Just remember, a good writing takes multiple revisions.

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