What is a Case Study?

What is a Case Study?

For our purposes, a case study is a real-life health care administrative situation involving a decision to be made or a problem or issue to be resolved.
Case studies in general are detailed accounts of an organization, company, industry, person or group of people, or project. The case study may include information about company objectives, strategies, challenges, results, recommendations, or more. The case study may be a real-life situation described in its entirety or so that portions of it are disguised for reasons of confidentiality. It may also be fictional.
Most case studies are written in such a way that the reader takes the place of the manager whose responsibility it is to make decisions to help resolve the problem or issue. In almost all case studies, a decision must be made, although this decision may be to leave the situation as it is. For this assignment, case studies can be brief or extensive and can range from several pages to 30 pages or more.
Where Can I Find Sample Case Studies?
The Internet is a great source of sample case studies to examine before you create your own. To find case study examples, conduct a search using the words sample case studies. For formatting help, click the link to see the Microsoft case study template.
Parts of the Project
This project consists of two parts:
• Part 1 (2% of your final grade): Submit a summary of your case study situation and challenge/concern to be addressed. Upload your submission to the Assignment titled “Case Study and Challenge Section” in week 5.
• Part 2 (25% of your final grade): Submit a case study with the following:
3. opening paragraph¬—introduction to the situation
4. background organizational information¬—history, mission, values, competition, financial information, and additional information of significant value
5. area of interest¬—strategic planning, leadership, marketing, finance, health care operations, human resources
6. definition of the challenge/concern—specific problem or decision(s) to be made; this is your problem statement
7. alternative situations/solutions¬—list of options for meeting the challenge or concern
8. conclusion¬—summary of the situation, any constraints or limitations, and the urgency of the situation, with the best alternative presented and defended
Most but not all case studies will follow this format. The purpose here is for you to thoroughly understand the situation and the decisions/discussions that need to be made. Take your time and stay focused on your objectives.
Here, we’ll pay a bit more attention to the fourth and fifth components:
Defining the Challenge/Concern
The problem statement should be a clear and concise statement of exactly what issue or concern needs to be addressed. This is not challenging to write!
To pinpoint the challenge to be addressed, ask yourself the following questions:
• What appears to be the issue/problem?
• How do I know that this is a problem? Note that, in answering this question, you will differentiate the indicators of the problem from the problem itself.
• What needs to be addressed immediately? Answering this will help you to differentiate between problems that can be resolved within the context of the case and larger issues that need to be addressed at a later time.
• What is important and what is urgent? Some problems appear to be urgent, but upon closer examination, are revealed to be relatively unimportant, while others may be far more important than they are pressing.
The problem statement can be framed as a question (e.g., What should Sue do? or How can Mr. Smith improve? It typically has to be rewritten several times during the analysis of a case, as you peel back the layers of symptoms or causation.
Coming Up With Alternative Situations/Solutions
You’ll want to answer the following questions to come up with viable alternatives:
• Why or how did the challenge/concern arise? You are trying to determine cause and effect for the problems identified. You cannot solve a problem of which you cannot determine the cause! It may be helpful to think of the organization in question as consisting of the following components:
• people who transform. . .
• resources, such as materials, equipment, or supplies, using. . .
• processes, which create something of greater value
• Who is affected the most by the challenge/concern? You are trying to identify the relevant stakeholders to the situation, and who will be affected by the decisions to be made.
• What are the constraints and opportunities in this situation?
This paper should be about 7 – 10 pages of text.

****** SEE Below for topic already selected with summary!!!!! ******
Topic of the case study
The topic of the case study is, “Chronic diseases case study.” It focuses on ailments such as HIV/AIDS and cancer that have affected people in a rural area of South Africa. Also, how its cost affected families in the communities in the area, especially from the poverty stricken backgrounds.
Summary
The setting of the case study is in a rural area in South Africa known as Hoedspruit that is also a home for the MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit. They help in conducting the research as they were very conversant with the locals’ problems and their spoken language. It involved the research in discovering and exploring the challenges that family members undergo if one of them has been affected by any chronic disease. The research involved the inclusion of different families who had a member of the family affected by the chronic illness. However, even it some the locals were entangled and lived in deplorable conditions, it was seen that they had mechanisms that helped them cope with the situation despite the hardship. As a result, the data revealed that most of the families opted not to seek medical attention because of the expensive treatment. The longitudinal data shown in the study has validated the importance of the three access barriers: affordability, availability, and acceptability that form the integral part of the discussion.
Reference
BMC health services research. (2009). Affordability, availability and acceptability barriers to health care for the chronically ill: Longitudinal case studies from South Africa. Retrieved from:http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/612/art%253A10.1186%252F1472-6963-9-75.pdf?originUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fbmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com%2Farticle%2F10.1186%2F1472-6963-9-75&token2=exp=1474114119~acl=%2Fstatic%2Fpdf%2F612%2Fart%25253A10.1186%25252F1472-6963-9-75.pdf*~hmac=21848f1a4cd05161579dff713e57b3e7c71e595a93e3716322b0863f856cc927

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